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World War II Codenames

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42 facts:

Manhattan Project
   was the codename for the   
U.S. Program to Build an Atomic Bomb
Operation Avalanche
   was the codename for the   
Invasion at Salerno
Operation Bagration
   was the codename for the   
Russian Invasion of Germany
Operation Barbarossa
   was the codename for the   
German Invasion of Russia
Operation Chastise
   was the codename for the   
The Dambusters Raid on the Möhne, Eder and Sorpe Dams in Germany
Conceived by Sir Barnes Wallis, British scientist, engineer and inventor to have Lancaster bombers deliver "bouncing bombs" that would skip like a stone up to the dam and then sink to blow up these Ruhr Valley strategic dams in Germany. The 1954 film "The Dam Busters" tells of 617 Squadron's low level raid on May 17, 1943 led by Wing Commander Guy Gibson. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his efforts.
Operation Cobra
   was the codename for the   
The Normandy Breakout Campaign
July 25 - July 31, 1944. Generals Omar Bradley and George S. Patton drive a gap in the western section of the Normandy theater of battle and breakout of the Normandy region at Saint-Lô, Normandy, France. British General Bernard Montgomery commanding Twenty-first Army Group coordinated the Allies on east and west on the Normandy line to attack and tie up German forces. Using the 4th, 9th and 30th infantry divisions of VII Corps to punch the whole in the German line, the Allies coordinated bombing and armor support to end the stalemate and force the German left flank to turn. The 1st Infantry Division with the 2nd and 3rd Armored Divisions composed the explotation force. This success caused the Falaise Pocket to be created which was composed dislodged German forces. A general fall back of German forces in Normandy ensued from there to September 1944.
Operation Detachment
   was the codename for the   
U.S. Invasion of Iwo Jima
Some of the most fierce fighting in the Pacific, launched Feb 19, 1945
Operation Downfall
   was the codename for the   
U.S. Invasion of Japan
Cancelled when Japan surrendered
Operation Dragoon
   was the codename for the   
The Allied Invasion of Southern France
'Riviera D-Day' was originally called Operation Anvil and scheduled to coincide with Operation Overlord, the Normandy Invasion of 6 June, 1944, Operation Dragoon had been postponed due to the slow progress of the Allied advance in Italy and the resulting shortage of troops and troop-carrying LSTs (Landing Ships, Tank). Operation Dragoon commenced on 15 August, 1944
Operation Drumbeat
   was the codename for the   
German U-boat Campaign Along the U.S. Eastern Seaboard
Part of the Battle of the Atlantic in 1940-42, called Operation Paukenschlag by the Germans or their "Happy Time", or "The Great American Turkey Shoot" by the Americans; involving the sinking of 609 ships totaling losses of 3.1 million tons of freight and thousands of lives or 25% of all Allied losses in the Atlantic, against a loss of only 22 U-boats
Operation Dynamo
   was the codename for the   
Evacuation of Dunkirk
Operation Fall Blau
   was the codename for the   
German Invasion of Southern Russia
Operation Fall Gelb
   was the codename for the   
German Invasion of France, Netherlands, and Belgium
Operation Firebrand
   was the codename for the   
Invasion of Corsica
Operation Flintlock
   was the codename for the   
Capture of the Marshall Islands
Operation Husky
   was the codename for the   
Invasion of Sicily
Operation Iceberg
   was the codename for the   
Allied Invasion of Okinawa
Largest amphibious assault of the war in the Pacific theatre
Operation Jubilee
   was the codename for the   
Attack on Dieppe
Operation Magic Carpet
   was the codename for the   
American Post-war Transport of Military Personnel Home
Operation Mailfist
   was the codename for the   
Recapture of Singapore
Operation Market Garden
   was the codename for the   
U.S./U.K./Polish Paratroop Landing
Past the Rhine
Operation Mulberry
   was the codename for the   
Creation of Safe Anchorage on Normandy Coast Using Block Ships
1944
Operation North Wind
   was the codename for the   
Last Major German Offensive
Launched in eastern France, Dec. 31, 1944
Operation Overlord
   was the codename for the   
Allied Landings in Normandy
Operation Pied Piper
   was the codename for the   
Evacuation of Children from British Cities
1939
Operation Plunder
   was the codename for the   
Allied Movement Across the Rhine
March 23, 1945 (Operation Varsity was part of this larger plan.)
Operation PLUTO
   was the codename for the   
Pipe Lines Under The Ocean
A World War II operation by British scientists, oil companies and armed forces to construct undersea oil pipelines under the English Channel between England and France. Conceived by Admiral Louis Mountbatten and developed by AC Hartley, chief engineer of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. First laid from the Isle of Wight for a length of 70 nautical miles to Cherbourg, France, the concept led to nearly 20 pipelines crossing the English Channel from Dungeness to the Ambleteuse in the Pas-de-Calais. This assured the Allies in Europe a steady uninterrupted fuel supply and allowed tankers to be used elsewhere to supply fuel to other Allied operations.
Operation Primrose
   was the codename for the   
Capture of U-110's Enigma Cypher Machine
Including relevant documents accomplished by HMS Bulldog
Operation Quicksilver
   was the codename for the   
Allied Plan to Deceive Germany That D-Day Landings Would Be at Calais
Operation Sealion
   was the codename for the   
German Invasion of Great Britain
Operation Shingle
   was the codename for the   
Amphibious Attack on Anzio
Operation Thunderbolt
   was the codename for the   
Offensive in the Metz Area
Operation Tidal Wave
   was the codename for the   
Ninth USAAF Attack Ploesti
Operation Torch
   was the codename for the   
US/UK Landings in Africa
Operation Typhoon
   was the codename for the   
Attack on Moscow
Operation Ultra
   was the codename for the   
British Exploitation of German Encrypted Communications
Bletchley Park signal intelligence obtained by breaking the German Enigma cipher machine
Operation Valkyrie
   was the codename for the   
German Mutiny to Kill Adolph Hitler
Operation Varsity
   was the codename for the   
Allied Airborne Drop Across the Rhine
U.S. 17th Airborne Division and British 6th Airborne Division at Wesel, March 24, 1945; largest single day drop
Operation Vulcan
   was the codename for the   
Allied Assualt on Axis Forces Trapped Around Tunis
1943
Operation Watch on the Rhine
   was the codename for the   
German Counteroffensive in the Ardennes
1944
Operation Watchtower
   was the codename for the   
U.S. Attack on Guadalcanal
Aug 7, 1942
Operation Z
   was the codename for the   
Japanese Attach on U.S. Fleet at Pearl Harbor


Facts contributed by:


Allan R. Matthes








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