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Women in History

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77 facts:

Amelia Earhart
The First Woman to Fly Solo Non-stop Across the Atlantic
Departed 20 May 1932 from Harbour Grace, Newfoundland
Angela Merkel
The First Female Chancellor of Germany
She is also the President of the European Council and chair of the G8. (2005)
Anne Frank
A Diarist in Amsterdam During WW II
She was a German diarist, but she wrote her diary in Amsterdam in The Netherlands from 1942-44 until capture by the Germans.
Annie Fox
The First Woman to Receive the Purple Heart
1942 She served as the chief nurse in the Army Nurse Corps at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941. At that time the awarding of the Purple Heart did not require the service person to be injured. The requirements were later changed & Lt. Fox was awarded the Bronze Star as she wasn't wounded in the attack.
Annie Oakley
A Sharpshooter in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
Anna Mary (Grandma) Moses
A Painter
Moses began painting in her seventies after abandoning a career in embroidery because of arthritis.
Anna Taylor
The First Woman to Go over Niagara Falls in a Barrel
And lived. (1901)
Aretha Franklin
The First Female Artist Inducted Into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Barbara Hanley
The First Female Mayor in Canada
Webbwood, Ontario (1936)
Benazir Bhutto
The First Woman Elected to Govern a Muslim Nation
Pakistan (1988)
Carol Moseley Braun
The First African-American Female US Senator
Also, she was the first African-American Senator to be elected as a Democrat. [wikipedia]
Catherine the Great
An Empress of Russia
Christine Jorgenson
The First Person to Have a Sex-change Operation
Clara Barton
Founder of the American Red Cross
And their first president
Claudette Colvin
Arrested for Refusing to Give up Her Seat to a White Person
The first person arrested for resisting bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama, preceding Rosa Parks incident by 9 months. As a result of a subsequent court case (Browder v. Gayle.) the Supreme Court issued an order to Montgomery and the state to end bus segregation in Alabama.
Conchita Cintron
The First American Woman to Become a Bullfighter
In Spain (1949)
Davina Thompson
The First Heart, Lung & Liver Transplant Recipient
Edith Cowan
The First Woman Elected As a Representative in an Australian Parliament
Became a member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia in 1921
Edith Cresson
France's First Female Prime Minister
Edith Spurlock Sampson
The First Female African American Judge
Edna Kanouse
The Mother of the First Quintuplets in America
Sadly, all five boys died shortly after. (1875)
Eileen Collins
The First Woman to Fly a Space Shuttle
She piloted the Discovery. (1995)
Elizabeth Blackwell
The First Female Degree-qualified Doctor in the U.S.A.
Graduated the top of her class at Geneva Medical College in New York (1821-1910)
Emily Green Balch
The First Woman to Win the Nobel Peace Prize
Ethel Rosenberg
The Only Woman to Be Executed for Espionage During the Cold War
She and her husband were convicted of spying. They were sentenced to death. (1953)
Eugenie Anderson
The First Female US Ambassador
Ambassador to Denmark (1949)
Florence Nightingale
An English Nurse During the Crimean War
The lady with the lamp. She founded the first school of nursing in Britain. Using mortality and recovery statistics she demonstrated the necessity of hygeine in a hospital setting.
Fran Phipps
The First Woman to Reach the North Pole
Geraldine Ferraro
The First Female Candidate for U.S. Vice President
1984 - the first major party female candidate for vice president. She lost.
Gertrude Belle Elion
The First Woman Invited Into the US National Inventors Hall of Fame
At the age of 73 (1918-1999)
Golda Meir
Israel's First Woman Prime Minister
World's third female to hold such an office
Grace Bussell
The 16-year-old Heroine of the SS Georgette Disaster
1860–1935, Western Australia. Helped save around 50 people from drowning, and became known as the 'Grace Darling of the West'.
Grace Darling
A Heroine for Saving Survivors from the Forfarshire
7th September 1838. Her deed was committed to verse by William Wordsworth in his poem Grace Darling (1843).
Harriet Quimby
The First Woman to Fly Across the English Channel
Hattie McDaniel
The First African American to Win an Oscar
For best supporting actress for her role as 'Mammie' in ‘Gone With the Wind’ (1939).
Hattie W. Carraway
The First Woman Elected to the US Senate
Henrietta Lacks
The Source of HeLa Cells
(August 1, 1920 – October 4, 1951) A HeLa cell is a cell in an immortal cell line used in scientific research. HeLa cells were used by Jonas Salk to test the first polio vaccine. The cells were propagated by George Otto Gey at St John Hopkins Hospital without Lacks' knowledge or permission. HeLa cells are termed "immortal" in that they can divide an unlimited number of times in a laboratory cell culture plate as long as fundamental cell survival conditions are met. One scientist estimates that the total weight of HeLa cells now exceeds 50 million metric tons.
Hildegard of Bingen
A Writer, Composer and Mystic
(1098-1179); her music is currently enjoying a revival of popularity. Wikipedia describes her as "a German magistra, monastic leader, mystic, author, musician, counselor, cosmologist, artist, healer, dramatist, linguist, naturalist, philosopher, poet, political consultant, prophet, visionary, and composer of music."
Hypatia of Alexandria
A Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer and Inventor
She lived in Roman Egypt, and was killed by a Christian mob who falsely blamed her for religious turmoil.
Jackie Mitchell
The First Woman to Sign With a Pro-baseball Club
Struck out both Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in one game. (1931)
Jacqueline Cochran
The First Woman to Break the Sound Barrier
Jeannette Rankin
The First Woman Elected to US Congress
Jennie Kidd Trout
The First Female Medical Doctor in Canada
Founded the Therapeutic and Electrical Institute in Toronto, which specialized in treatments for women involving "galvanic baths or electricity." (1875)
Jenny Shipley
New Zealand's First Female Prime Minister
In office 8 Dec 1997 – 5 Dec 1999
Joan of Arc
A Saint & the Woman Who Rallied the French in the 100 Year War
AKA "Maid of Orleans". Born at Domremy in Champagne, France, c 1412. Died at Rouen, France, 30 May 1431.
Karoline Mikkelson
The First Woman to Set Foot on Antartica
Lady Nancy Astor
The First Woman to Sit in the British House of Commons
Constance Markiewicz was the first woman elected to serve in the House of Commons after running for the Sinn Féin party in 1918, but in line with Sinn Féin policy she did not take her seat. (1919)
Lucinda Franks
The First Woman to Win the Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting
Lucy Hobbs
The First Woman to Become a Dentist
Margaret Chase Smith
The First Woman to Serve in Both Houses of US Congress
Margaret Sanger
The Woman Who Opened the First US Birth Control Clinic
Margaret Thatcher
The First Female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office 4 May 1979 – 28 Nov 1990
Marian Anderson
An American Civil Rights Activist
(1901-1993); Stopped by the Daughters of the Revolution from singing in Constitution Hall in 1939 because she was black; she sang on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial with Eleanor Roosevelt at her side. She also worked for several years as a delegate to the United Nations Human Rights Committee and as a "goodwill ambassadress" for the United States Department of State. She was active in supporting the civil rights movement during the 1960s, giving benefit concerts for the Congress of Racial Equality, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and the America-Israel Cultural Foundation.
Marian Anderson
A Singer
Anderson was notably awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963, the Kennedy Center Honors in 1978, the National Medal of Arts in 1984, and a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1991.
Marie Curie
A Scientist Who Discovered Radium
She would eventually die from radiation poisoning...
Martha Hughes Cannon
The First Female US Senator
Martha Washington
The First "First Lady of the United States"
Wife of George Washington & the first woman on a US stamp (1902)
Mary Clarke
The First Female Major General in the US Air Force
Mary Edwards Walker
The First Female US Army Surgeon
She was also a feminist, abolitionist, prohibitionist, alleged spy, prisoner of war and surgeon. (1863)
Mary Phelps Jacob
Patentor of the First Modern Elastic Bra
Melli Beese
The First Female Pilot in Germany
She used her early training in architecture to design and patent a collapsible aircraft. (1911)
Millicent Garrett Fawcett
A British Campaigner for Women Voting
Mother Theresa
A Humanitarian Worker in India
Born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, August 26, 1910, died September 5, 1997
Muriel Siebert
The First Woman to Own a Seat on the New York Stock Exchange
Nellie Taylor Ross
The First US Female Governor
For the State of Wyoming (1924)
Rani Lakshmi Bai
A Leading Figure of the Indian Rebellion of 1857
(c.19 November 1835 – 17 June 1858) aka Jhansi Ki Rani, the queen of the Maratha - ruled the princely state of Jhansi. One of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, and a symbol of resistance to British rule in India. She has gone down in Indian history as a legendary figure, the firebrand who began the Indian Revolution against British Colonialism.
Rosa Parks
An American Civil Rights Activist
Refused to give up her seat on the bus for a white person and was arrested. The US Congress called her "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
Rosa Parks
Arrested for Refusing to Give up Her Seat to a White Person
1955 - led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott. U.S. Congress called her the "Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement".
Ruth Nichols
The First Female Pilot of a Transcontinental Flight
Sally Tompkins
The Only Commissioned Female Officer in the Confederate Army
Si Ling-Chi
A Chinese Empress, First to Spin Silk
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
The World's First Woman Prime Minister
1960 - Sri Lanka
Sojourner Truth
An American Civil Rights Activist
Escaped slave preached against slavery and for equal rights for women.
Sor Juana Inés De La Cruz
A Writer in 17th Century Mexico
St Cecilia
The Patron Saint of Music
Virgin and martyr of the early church
Susan B. Anthony
An American Civil Rights Activist
An American campaigner for women's right to vote. Anthony also took a prominent role in the New York anti-slavery and temperance movements. In 1836, at age 16, Susan collected two boxes of petitions opposing slavery, in response to the gag rule prohibiting such petitions in the House of Representatives. She was the first woman on a US coin.
Vera Rubin
The Discoverer of Variable Rotation Rates Within Galaxies
This led directly to the theory of black hole centred galaxies and the consideration of dark matter.

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