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Treaties and Conventions

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831 facts:

85 BC
      
Treaty of Dardanos
Ends the First Mithridatic War.
161 BC
      
Roman-Jewish Treaty
Establishes friendship between Judas Maccabeus and the Roman Repbulic.
188 BC
      
Treaty of Apamea
Between the Roman Republic and Antiochus III (the Great), ruler of the Seleucid Empire.
196 BC
      
Treaty of Tempea
Ends the Second Macedonian War.
205 BC
      
Treaty of Phoenice
Ends the First Macedonian War.
226 BC
      
Ebro Treaty
Establishes the Ebro River in Iberia as the boundary line between the Roman Republic and Carthage.
241 BC
      
Treaty of Lutatius
Ends the First Punic War.
387 BC
      
Peace of Antalcidas
Sets the boundaries of Greek and Persian territory.
421 BC
      
Peace of Nicias
Athens and Sparta end the first phase of the Peloponnesian War.
450 BC
      
Peace of Callias
Ends the Persian Wars.
493 BC
      
Foedus Cassianum
Ends the war between the Roman Republic and the Latin League.
587
      
Treaty of Andelot
Between Frankish rulers Guntram and Brunhilda; Guntram adopts Brunhilda's son Childebert II.
628
      
Treaty of Hudaybiyyah
Between Muslims and the Quraish.
651
      
The Bakt
Between Nubia and Egypt.
713
      
Treaty of Orihuela
Establishes a dhimmi over the Christian inhabitants of Orihuela.
803
      
Pax Nicephori
Peace between Charlemagne and the Byzantine Empire; recognizes Venice as Byzantine territory.
811
      
Treaty of Heiligen
Sets the southern boundary of Denmark at the Eider River.
836
      
Pactum Sicardi
Peace between the Duchy of Naples and the Principality of Salerno under Sicard.
843
      
Treaty of Verdun
Partitions the Carolingian Empire.
870
      
Treaty of Mersen
Further partitions the Carolingian Empire.
880
      
Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum
Between Alfred of Wessex and Guthrum, the Viking ruler of East Anglia.
907
      
Rus'-Byzantine Treaty
Regulates the status of the colony of Rus' merchants in Constantinople.
911
      
Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte
Charles the Simple grants Normandy to Rollo.
921
      
Treaty of Bonn
West Francia and East Francia both recognize each other.
945
      
Rus'-Byzantine Treaty
Between the Byzantine Empire and Kievan Rus.
1004
      
Shanyuan Treaty
Establishes relations between the Northern Song and Liao Dynasties.
1018
      
Peace of Bautzen
Between Holy Roman Emperor Henry II and Duke Bolesław I the Brave of Poland.
1059
      
Treaty of Melfi
Pope Nicholas II recognizes Norman influence in southern Italy.
1080
      
Treaty of Ceprano
Pope Gregory VII establishes an alliance with Robert Guiscard and recognizes his conquests.
1091
      
Treaty of Caen
Ends rivalry between William II of England and Duke Robert Curthose of Normandy.
1101
      
Treaty of Alton
Robert Curthose recognizes Henry I as King of England.
1108
      
Treaty of Devol
The Principality of Antioch becomes a nominal vassal of the Byzantine Empire.
1122
      
Pactum Calixtinum
Between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor.
1123
      
Pactum Warmundi
The crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem allies with Venice.
1139
      
Treaty of Mignano
Roger II of Sicily recognised as king by the legitimate Pope Innocent II.
1141
      
Treaty of Shaoxing
Ends conflicts between the Jin Dynasty and Southern Song Dynasty.
1143
      
Treaty of Zamora
Recognises Portuguese independence from the Kingdom of Leon and Castile.
1151
      
Treaty of Tudilén
Recognises the conquests of the Crown of Aragon south of the Júcar and recognises future conquests in Murcia.
1153
      
Treaty of Constance
Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Pope Eugene III agree to defend Italy against Manuel I Comnenus.
1153
      
Treaty of Wallingford
Made Stephen of England officially recognize his cousin Matilda's son Henry of Anjou as his heir. Henry becomes Henry II of England.
1156
      
Treaty of Benevento
Peace between the Papacy and the Kingdom of Sicily.
1170
      
Treaty of Sahagún
Between Alfonso VIII of Castile and Afonso I of Portugal.
1175
      
Treaty of Windsor
Between King Henry II of England and the last High King of Ireland, Rory O'Connor during Norman expansion in Ireland.
1177
      
Treaty of Venice
Peace between the Papacy, the Lombard League, the Kingdom of Sicily, and the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa.
1179
      
Treaty of Cazorla
Defines the zones of conquest in Andalusia between Aragon and Castile.
1183
      
Peace of Constance
Peace between the Lombard League and the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa. Reaffirms the Peace of Venice.
1192
      
Treaty of Ramla
Ends the Third Crusade.
1200
      
Treaty of Le Goulet
John of England and Philip II of France make peace. Marriage between Blanche of Castile and Louis VIII of France.
1209
      
Treaty of Speyer
Otto IV renounces the Concordat of Worms.
1212
      
Golden Bull of Sicily
Determines the rights and duties of the Bohemian monarchs.
1217
      
Treaty of Lambeth
Between Louis VIII of France and Henry III of England.
1218
      
Golden Charter of Berne
Supposedly also issued by Frederick II in 1218, but now considered a forgery.
1220
      
Treaty With the Princes of the Church
Between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and German bishops.
1222
      
Golden Bull of 1222
Andrew II of Hungary grants Hungarian nobles the power to disobey the king when he acted contrary to the law.
1226
      
Golden Bull of Rimini
Resolves disputes over Chełmno Land.
1226
      
Treaty of Melun
Forces the counts of Flanders to swear fealty to the French crown.
1229
      
Treaty of Paris
Officially ends the Albigensian Crusade.
1230
      
Treaty of Ceprano
Establishes lines of reconciliation between Pope Gregory IX and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.
1230
      
Treaty of Kruszwica
Konrad I of Masovia grants Chełmno Land to the Prussians and the Order of Dobrzyń.
1230
      
Treaty of San Germano
Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II restores Sicily to Pope Gregory IX.
1234
      
Golden Bull of Rieti
Recognizes Chełmno Land as subject to the Pope's authority and not as a fief belonging to anyone.
1237
      
Treaty of York
Establishes a border between England and Scotland.
1244
      
Treaty of Almizra
Establishes the borders of the Kingdom of Valencia.
1244
      
Treaty of Jativa
Permits the Moors of Spain to hold on to the Castle of Jativa for two years before relinquishing it to King Jaime I of Aragon.
1245
      
Al-Azraq Treaty
Between the King Jaime I of Aragon and the Muslim commander Mohammad Abu Abdallah Ben Hudzail al Sahuir.
1258
      
Treaty of Corbeil
Establishes a border between France and the Crown of Aragon.
1259
      
Treaty of Paris
Between Louis IX of France and Henry III of England.
1265
      
Treaty of Pipton
Established alliance between Prince Llywelyn the Last of Wales and Simon de Montford during the Second Barons' War.
1266
      
Dictum of Kenilworth
Ends hostilities between the supporters of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Henry III of England; comes into effect in 1267.
1266
      
Treaty of Perth
Terms of sovereignty over the Western Isles, the Isle of Man, and the Northern Isles agreed between Norway and Scotland.
1267
      
Treaty of Badajoz
King Alfonso X and King Afonso III agree to use the Guadiana River as the boundary line separating Castile and Portugal.
1267
      
Treaty of Montgomery
Henry III of England acknowledges Llywelyn ap Gruffydd's title as the 'Prince of Wales'.
1267
      
Treaty of Viterbo
Grants Charles I of Anjou claims to the defunct Latin Empire.
1271
      
Peace of Pressburg
Ends war between Bohemia and Hungary.
1277
      
Treaty of Aberconwy
Between King Edward I of England and Llewelyn the Last of Wales.
1281
      
Treaty of Orvieto
Between Charles I of Sicily, the Republic of Venice, and Philip of Courtenay; attempts to recover the Latin Empire.
1283 BC
      
Ramses-Hattusili Treaty
Treaty between the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II and the Hittite monarch Hattusili III after the Battle of Kadesh.
1283
      
Treaty of Rheinfelden
Duke Rudolph II of Austria surrenders power to his older brother Albert I of Germany.
1290
      
Treaty of Birgham
Attempts to end competing claims between the House of Balliol and the House of Bruce for the Scottish throne; never comes into effect.
1291
      
Treaty of Tarascon
Ends the Aragonese Crusade.
1295
      
Auld Alliance
Scotland and France forge the first treaty of mutual self-defense against England.
1295
      
Treaty of Anagni
Reaffirms the Treaty of Tarascon, but fails to diplomatically settle the Sicilian question.
1302
      
Peace of Caltabellotta
Ends the War of the Sicilian Vespers.
1303
      
Treaty of Paris
Restores Gascony to England from France during the Hundred Years' War.
1304
      
Treaty of Torrellas
Brought peace to Castile and Aragon and divied up the Kingdom of Murcia between them.
1305
      
Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge
France acquires the cities of Lille, Douai, and Béthune and Flanders retains its independence.
1305
      
Treaty of Elche
Modifies the Treaty of Torrellas and grants Cartagena to Castile.
1317
      
Treaty of Templin
Ascanians surrender the territories of Schlawe-Stolp to the Pomeranians.
1323
      
Treaty of Nöteborg
Sets the boundary between Sweden and Novgorod.
1323
      
Treaty of Paris
Count Louis of Flanders relinquishes Flemish claims over Zeeland.
1326
      
Treaty of Corbeil
Renews the Auld Alliance between France and Scotland.
1326
      
Treaty of Novgorod
End decades of border skirmishes at the border of Norway and Novgorod.
1328
      
Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton
Between Edward III of England and the Scots.
1329
      
Treaty of Pavia
Between Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor and his nephews.
1338
      
Declaration of Rhense
German princes elect German kings without the consent of the Papacy.
1343
      
Treaty of Kalisz
Between King Casimir III the Great of Poland and the Teutonic Knights.
1354
      
Treaty of Mantes
First peace between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France.
1354
      
Treaty of Stralsund
Settles border disputes between the duchies of Mecklenburg and Pomerania.
1355
      
Treaty of Paris
Recognizes the annexation of the Barony of Gex by the county of Savoy.
1355
      
Treaty of Valognes
Second peace between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France.
1358
      
Treaty of Zadar
The Venetian Republic loses influence over territories in Dalmatia.
1359
      
Treaty of London
Cedes western France to England; repudiated by the Estates-General in Paris.
1360
      
Treaty of Brétigny
Ends the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.
1370
      
Treaty of Stralsund
Ends the war between the Hanseatic League and Denmark.
1373
      
Anglo-Portuguese Treaty
Treaty of alliance between King Edward III of England and King Ferdinand and Queen Eleanor of Portugal; it is the oldest treaty still in force.
1379
      
Treaty of Neuberg
Divides Habsburg lands between Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
1380
      
Treaty of Dovydiškės
Jogaila signs a secret peace treaty with the Teutonic Knights against Kęstutis.
1385
      
Union of Krewo
Establishes a dynastic union between Poland and Lithuania.
1386
      
Treaty of Windsor
Renews the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance.
1390
      
Treaty of Königsberg
Establishes alliance between Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Order.
1397
      
Treaty of Kalmar
Establishes the Kalmar Union; becomes null and void in 1523.
1401
      
Union of Vilnius and Radom
Reaffirms the Union of Krewo and grants autonomy to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
1411
      
First Treaty of Toruń
Ends the Polish-Lithuanian-Teutonic War.
1412
      
Treaty of Lubowla
Between Władysław II of Poland and Sigismund of Luxemburg, king of Hungary.
1413
      
Union of Horodło
Reaffirms the Union of Krewo and the Union of Vilnius and Radom; permits Lithuania to have a separate Grand Duke and parliament.
1420
      
Treaty of Troyes
Attempt to pass the French throne to England.
1422
      
Treaty of Melno
The Teutonic Knights relinquish Nieszawa to Poland. Poland renounces claims to Pomerelia, Culmerland, and the Michelauer Land east of Culmerland.
1428
      
Treaty of Delft
Ends hostilities between England and Flanders.
1431
      
Treaty of Medina Del Campo
Peace between Portugal and the Kingdom of Castile; ratified in Almeirim in 1432.
1432
      
Union of Grodno
Reinforces the Polish-Lithuanian Union.
1435
      
Treaty of Arras
Reconciles a longstanding feud between King Charles VII of France and Philip, Duke of Burgundy.
1441
      
Treaty of Copenhagen
Christopher of Bavaria crushed a great peasant rebellion in Northern Jutland; Baltic Sea is opened to Dutch traders.
1443
      
Treaty of Gyehae
Between the Joseon dynasty and Ashikaga shogunate; controls Japanese piracy and legitimizes trade between Tsushima island and a Korean port.
1444
      
Peace of Szeged
Between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire.
1454
      
Treaty of Lodi
Peace between Milan, Florence and Venice.
1456
      
Treaty of Yazhelbitsy
Establishes peace between Vasili II and the people of Novgorod.
1460
      
Treaty of Ribe
Defines status of Schleswig and Holstein.
1461
      
Treaty of Westminster
Divides Scotland between King Edward IV of England and the Earl of Douglas.
1465
      
Treaty of Conflans
Officially ends the Guerre folle (Mad War).
1466
      
Second Treaty of Toruń
Ends the Thirteen Years' War between Poland and the Teutonic Knights.
1468
      
Treaty of Péronne
Between Duke Charles I of Burgundy and King Louis XI of France.
1472
      
Treaty of Prenzlau
Declares Albert III, Elector of Brandenburg, ruler of Pomerania-Stettin.
1474
      
Treaty of Utrecht
Ends the Anglo-Hanseatic War between England and the Hanseatic League lead by Lübeck and Danzig
1475
      
Treaty of Picquigny
Louis XI pays Edward IV to stay in England and not pursue his claim to the French throne.
1478
      
Treaty of Brno
Divides Bohemian territories between Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and Matthias Corvinus.
1479
      
Peace of Olomouc
Ratifies the Treaty of Brno.
1479
      
Treaty of Alcaçovas
Between the Kingdom of Castile and Portugal; ends the Castilian Civil War begun in 1474.
1479
      
Treaty of Constantinople
Officially ends the fifteen year war between Venice and the Ottoman Empire.
1482
      
Treaty of Arras
Between King Louis XI of France and the governments of the Low Countries.
1482
      
Treaty of Münsingen
Count Eberhard V reunites the divided county of Württemberg and declares it indivisible.
1484
      
Treaty of Bagnolo
Ends the War of Ferrara (1482–1484) between Ercole d'Este I and Pope Sixtus IV along with his Venetian allies.
1485
      
Treaty of Leipzig
Divides Saxony between Ernest, Elector of Saxony and Albert, Duke of Saxony.
1488
      
Treaty of Sablé
Duke Francis I of Brittany becomes a vassal of King Charles VIII of France.
1489
      
Treaty of Dordrecht
Establishes an alliance between Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and King Henry VII of England.
1489
      
Treaty of Frankfurt
Between Maximilian of Austria and the envoys of King Charles VIII of France.
1489
      
Treaty of Medina Del Campo
Primarily a marriage contract between Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon.
1489
      
Treaty of Redon
Henry VII of England grants Lord Daubeney of Brittany 6000 English troops.
1491
      
Peace of Pressburg
Defines the future succession of the Austrian and Hungarian kingdoms.
1491
      
Treaty of Granada
Relinquishes the sovereignty of the Moorish Kingdom of Granada to Spain.
1492
      
Peace of Etaples
Ends war between England and France.
1493
      
Treaty of Barcelona
France cedes Roussillon and Cerdagne to Spain in return for Spanish neutrality during its war with Italy.
1493
      
Treaty of Senlis
France cedes the Duchy of Burgundy, the County of Artois, Picardy and the Low Countries to the House of Habsburg.
1494
      
Treaty of Tordesillas
Divides the world between Spain and Portugal.
1496
      
Intercursus Magnus
Resolves some trade wars between England and the Netherlands.
1499
      
Treaty of Basel
Concludes the Swabian War fought between the Swabian League and the Old Swiss Confederacy.
1500
      
Treaty of Granada
King Ferdinand II of Aragon agrees to support French claims over the Kingdom of Naples.
1501
      
Treaty of Trente
Austria recognises all French conquests in northern Italy.
1502
      
Treaty of Perpetual Peace
Ends hostilities between England and Scotland; void in 1513.
1504
      
Treaty of Blois
Temporarily halts the Italian Wars.
1504
      
Treaty of Lyon
Louis XII of France cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon.
1511
      
Treaty of Westminster
Treaty of alliance between Henry VIII of England and Ferdinand II of Aragon against France.
1516
      
Peace of Noyon
Divides Italy between France and Spain.
1517
      
Treaty of Rouen
Attempts to renew the Auld Alliance.
1518
      
Treaty of London
Establishes a non-aggression pact between France, England, Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy, Spain, Burgundy and the Netherlands.
1522
      
Treaty of Windsor
Between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Henry VIII of England; its main clause was the invasion of France.
1524
      
Treaty of Malmö
Ends the Swedish War of Liberation.
1526
      
Treaty of Hampton Court
Establishes peace between France and England.
1526
      
Treaty of Madrid
Temporarily ends French interests in Italy.
1527
      
Treaty of Westminster
Treaty of alliance between King Henry VIII of England and King Francis I of France against King Charles V of Spain.
1528
      
Treaty of Gorinchem
Between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders.
1529
      
Treaty of Cambrai
Also known as the Paix des Dames (Ladies' Peace).
1529
      
Treaty of Saragossa
Specifies the anti-meridian line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese imperial territories.
1534
      
Treaty of Bassein
Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat cedes the Mumbai Islands and other territories to the Portuguese Empire.
1538
      
Treaty of Nagyvárad
Recognizes John Zápolya as the king of Hungary while Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor retains the western parts of the Hungarian Kingdom.
1543
      
Treaty of Greenwich
Contains two agreements that attempts to unite the Kingdom of England with the Kingdom of Scotland.
1543
      
Treaty of Venlo
Duke Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg cedes the territory of Guelders and the county of Zutphen to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
1544
      
Treaty of Crépy
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V relinquishes his claim to the Duchy of Burgundy and Francis I of France surrenders his claim to the Kingdom of Naples.
1544
      
Treaty of Speyer
Establishes peace between Denmark and the Holy Roman Empire.
1551
      
Treaty of Weissenburg
Declares Archduke Ferdinand of Austria king of Hungary and Transylvania.
1552
      
Peace of Passau
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V guarantees Lutheran religious freedoms to Protestants.
1552
      
Treaty of Chambord
Maurice of Saxony cedes Toul, Verdun, and Metz to Henry II of France.
1555
      
Peace of Augsburg
Between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League.
1556
      
Treaty of Vaucelles
King Henri I of France cedes Franche-Comté to King Philip II of Spain.
1559
      
Peace of Cateau Cambrésis
Ends the Italian Wars.
1560
      
Treaty of Edinburgh III
Attempts to end the Auld Alliance.
1562
      
Treaty of Hampton Court
Establishes military and economic ties between Queen Elizabeth and Huguenot leader Louis I de Bourbon.
1568
      
Peace of Longjumeau
Ends the second phase of the French Wars of Religion; confirms the Edict of Amboise; expires in August of 1568.
1569
      
Union of Lublin
Unites the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1570
      
Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Ends the third phase of the French Wars of Religion.
1570
      
Treaty of Stettin
Ends the Northern Seven Years' War.
1572
      
Treaty of Blois
Queen Elizabeth of England and Catherine de' Medici of France establish an alliance against Spain.
1576
      
Pacification of Ghent
Alliance of the provinces of the Netherlands against the Spanish.
1577
      
Treaty of Bergerac
Ends the sixth phase of the French Wars of Religion; Huguenots can practice their faith only in the suburbs of one town in each judicial district.
1579
      
Union of Atrecht
The southern states of the Spanish Netherlands express loyalty to the King of Spain.
1579
      
Union of Utrecht
Unifies the northern states of the Netherlands.
1580
      
Treaty of Fleix
Ends the seventh phase of the French Wars of Religion; recognizes previous treaties granting religious privileges to the Huguenots.
1580
      
Treaty of Plessis-les-Tours
François, Duke of Anjou becomes sovereign of the Dutch Republic.
1582
      
Peace of Jam Zapolski
Ends the Livonian War between Poland and Muscovy.
1583
      
Treaty of Plussa
A truce between Russia and Sweden; ends the Livonian War (1558–1583).
1584
      
Treaty of Joinville
Forms a Catholic alliance between the French Catholic League and Hapsburg Spain against Protestant forces such as Elizabeth I of England.
1585
      
Treaty of Nemours
Revokes previous concessions made to the Huguenots; instigates the War of the Three Henries.
1585
      
Treaty of Nonsuch
England assists Dutch in the Eighty Years' War.
1586
      
Treaty of Berwick
Agreement of amity between Queen Elizabeth I of England and King James VI of Scotland.
1595
      
Treaty of Teusina
Ends the Russo–Swedish War (1590–1595).
1598
      
Peace of Vervins
The Spanish withdraw from French territory.
1601
      
Treaty of Lyon
Henry IV of France acquires Bugey, Valromey, Gex, and Bresse.
1604
      
Treaty of London
Ends hostilities between England and Spain.
1606
      
Peace of Žitava
Ends the Long War between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy.
1606
      
Treaty of Vienna
Restores all constitutional and religious rights/privileges to the Hungarians in both Transylvania and Royal Hungary.
1608
      
Treaty of Lieben
Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II surrenders Hungary, Austrian territories near the Danube River, and Moravia to his brother Matthias.
1609
      
Treaty of Antwerp
Spain and the Netherlands agree to a 12-year truce.
1610
      
Treaty of Brussol
Establishes a military alliance between Charles Emmanuel I and Henry IV of France against the Spanish in Italy.
1613
      
Treaty of Knäred
Ends the Kalmar War between Denmark and Sweden.
1613
      
Two Row Wampum Treaty
Treaty between the Iroquois and representatives of the Dutch government.
1614
      
Treaty of Xanten
Ends the Jülich-Cleves War.
1615
      
Peace of Asti
Duke Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy relinquishes claims on Monferrato.
1615
      
Peace of Tyrnau
Recognizes Gábor Bethlen as the Prince of Transylvania.
1616
      
Treaty of Loudun
Ends hostilities between Queen Marie de Medici and rebellious French princes led by Henry II, the third Prince of Condé.
1617
      
Treaty of Pavia
Savoy cedes Monferrato to Mantua.
1617
      
Treaty of Stolbovo
Ends the Ingrian War between Sweden and Muscovy.
1618
      
Truce of Deulino
Ends the Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618); expired in 1632.
1619
      
Treaty of Angoulême
Ends civil war in France between supporters of Queen Marie de Medici and her son, King Louis XIII of France.
1619
      
Treaty of Munich
Duke Maximilian of Bavaria allows Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II to use his forces in exchange for territories in the Palatine.
1620
      
Treaty of Ulm
The Protestant Union ceases its support of Frederick V of Bohemia.
1621
      
Peace of Nikolsburg
Ends the war between Prince Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania and Emperor Ferdinand II of the Holy Roman Empire.
1621
      
Treaty of Madrid
Restores Valtelline to the Grisons and grants Protestants in the region religious freedoms.
1622
      
Treaty of Montpellier
Between King Louis XIII of France and Duke Henry II of Rohan; confirms the Edict of Nantes.
1623
      
Treaty of Paris
France, Savoy, and Venice agree to have Spanish forces leave Valtelline.
1625
      
Treaty of Den Haag
England and the Netherlands agree to economically support Christian IV of Denmark during the Thirty Years' War.
1626
      
Peace of Pressburg
Ends the revolt against the Habsburgs.
1626
      
Treaty of Monzón
France and Spain share equal rights in their control of Valtelline.
1628
      
Treaty of Munich
Recognizes Duke Maximilian of Bavaria as a prince-elector; grants Maximilian control of the Upper Palatinate and the right bank of the Rhine River for thirty years.
1629
      
Peace of Alais
Between the Huguenots and King Louis XIII of France; confirms the basic principles of the Edict of Nantes with additional clauses.
1629
      
Treaty of Lübeck
Denmark withdraws from the Thirty Years' War.
1629
      
Truce of Altmark
Ends hostilities between Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1630
      
Peace of Pressburg
Temporarily halts the War of the Mantuan Succession.
1631
      
Treaty of Barwald
France and Sweden establish an alliance against Germany.
1631
      
Treaty of Cherasco
Ends the War of the Mantuan Succession.
1631
      
Treaty of Munich
France and Bavaria establish a secret "Catholic" alliance.
1632
      
Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye
England returns New France (Quebec) to France.
1634
      
Treaty of Polyanovka
Ends the Smolensk War between Poland and Muscovy.
1635
      
Peace of Prague
Between the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II, and most of the Protestant states of the Holy Roman Empire.
1635
      
Treaty of Sztumska Wieś
The Swedish Empire concedes territories to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1636
      
Treaty of Wismar
Establishes alliance between Sweden and France against the Habsburgs.
1638
      
Treaty of Hamburg
Confirms Treaty of Wismar; France pays Sweden 1,000,000 livres.
1638
      
Treaty of Hartford
Cedes Pequot Indian lands to Connecticut River towns and outlaws Pequot settlement and the use of the Pequot language.
1639
      
Treaty of Asurar Ali
Establishes the boundary between the Mughals and the Ahom kingdom.
1639
      
Treaty of Berwick
Ends the First Bishops' War between Charles I of England and the Scots.
1639
      
Treaty of Zuhab
Ends the war between Persia and the Ottoman Empire.
1640
      
Treaty of Ripon
Between Charles I of Scotland and the Scots in the aftermath of the Second Bishops' War.
1643
      
Solemn League and Covenant
Between the Scottish Covenanters and the leaders of the English Parliamentarians.
1645
      
Treaty of Brömsebro
Ends the Torstenson War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway.
1647
      
Truce of Ulm
Forces Duke Maximilian of Bavaria to renounce his alliance with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.
1648
      
Peace of Westphalia
Ends the Thirty Years' War and the Eighty Years' War, and establishes the principle of the sovereignty of nations in use today.
1648
      
Treaty of Concordia
Divides the island of Saint Martin between France and the Netherlands.
1649
      
Peace of Rueil
Ends the opening episodes of the Fronde, France's civil war.
1649
      
Treaty of Zboriv
Places three provinces of Ukraine under the control of the Cossacks.
1650
      
Treaty of Breda
Between Charles II of England and the Scottish Covenanters during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
1650
      
Treaty of Hartford
Establishes boundary lines between New Amsterdam and English settlers in Connecticut.
1651
      
Treaty of Bila Tserkva
Establishes peace between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ukrainian Cossacks after the Battle of Berestechko.
1654
      
Treaty of Pereyaslav
Between Muscovy and the Cossacks.
1654
      
Treaty of Westminster
Ends the First Anglo-Dutch War.
1656
      
Treaty of Königsberg
Establishes alliance between Charles X of Sweden and Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, against Poland.
1656
      
Treaty of Labiau
Between Prince-elector Frederick William of Brandenburg and King Charles X Gustav of Sweden.
1657
      
Treaty of Bydgoszcz
Between King John II Casimir of Poland and Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Prussia.
1657
      
Treaty of Paris
Establishes military alliance between England and France against Spain.
1657
      
Treaty of Raalte
Willem II no longer is viceroy of Overijssel.
1657
      
Treaty of Wehlau
Between Poland and Brandenburg-Prussia during The Deluge (Polish history).
1658
      
Treaty of Hadiach
Between Poland and the Cossacks.
1658
      
Treaty of Roskilde
Denmark-Norway cedes territory to Sweden.
1658
      
Treaty of Taastrup
An accord that preceded the Treaty of Roskilde between Charles X Gustav of Sweden and King Frederick III of Denmark.
1659
      
Treaty of the Pyrenees
Ends war between France and Spain.
1660
      
Treaty of Copenhagen
Restores Trondheim to Norway and Bornholm to Denmark.
1660
      
Treaty of Oliva
Ends hostilities between Sweden and Poland.
1661
      
Treaty of Cardis
Ends war started in 1656 between Sweden and Russia.
1661
      
Treaty of Den Haag
The Dutch Empire recognizes Portuguese imperial sovereignty over Recife in Brazil.
1662
      
Treaty of Montmartre
Duke Charles IV gives to Louis XIV the throne to the Duchy of Lorraine.
1663
      
Treaty of Ghilajharighat
Between the Ahoms and the Mughal forces.
1664
      
Peace of Vasvár
Between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire after the Battle of Saint Gotthard; lasted until 1683.
1665
      
Treaty of Purandar
Between Rajput Jai Singh and Shivaji Maharaj.
1667
      
Treaty of Andrusovo
Ends the war between Muscovy and Poland-Lithuania.
1667
      
Treaty of Breda
Ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1668
      
First Triple Alliance
Alliance between England, the United Provinces and Sweden.
1668
      
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
Ends the War of Devolution between Louis XIV of France and Habsburg Spain.
1668
      
Treaty of Bongaja
Sultan Saif-ud-Din of Tidore recognizes the influence of the Dutch East India Company in Indonesian territories.
1668
      
Treaty of Lisbon
Spain recognizes Portuguese sovereignty after the Portuguese Restoration War; Portugal cedes Ceuta to Spain.
1670
      
Secret Treaty of Dover
France helps England to rejoin the Roman Catholic Church and England assists France militarily against the Dutch Republic.
1670
      
Treaty of Madrid
Between England and Spain.
1672
      
Treaty of Buczacz
Between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire.
1674
      
Treaty of Westminster
Ends the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
1675
      
Strasbourg Agreement
First international agreement banning the use of chemical weapons (i.e. poisoned bullets); signed between France and the Holy Roman Empire.
1677
      
Treaty of 1677
Native American tribes in Virginia swear fealty to the British Empire.
1678
      
Treaties of Nijmegen
Ends the Franco-Dutch War.
1678
      
Treaty of Casco
Ends war between the eastern Native Americans and the English settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1681
      
Treaty of Bakhchisarai
Concludes the Russo-Turkish War, 1676-1681; establishes a 20-year truce whereby the Dnieper River would separate the Ottoman Empire from Russian territories.
1686
      
Eternal Peace Treaty
Ends war between Muscovy and Poland.
1689
      
Treaty of Nerchinsk
Ends war between the Russian Empire and the Qing Dynasty of China.
1691
      
Treaty of Limerick
Ends the Williamite war in Ireland.
1697
      
Treaty of Ryswick
Ends the War of the Grand Alliance.
1698
      
Treaty of Den Haag II
Attempts to resolve the issue of who would inherit the Spanish throne.
1699
      
Treaty of Karlowitz
Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.
1699
      
Treaty of Preobrazhenskoye
Denmark, Russia, Saxony, and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth divide Swedish territories.
1700
      
Treaty of Constantinople
Establishes peace between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
1700
      
Treaty of London
An attempt to restore the Pragmatic Sanction following the death of Duke Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria.
1701
      
Great Peace of Montreal
Establishes peace between New France and the 39 First Nations of North America.
1701
      
Treaty of Den Haag III
England, Austria, the United Provinces, and the Holy Roman Empire establish a defensive alliance against France.
1703
      
Treaty of Methuen
Between Portugal and the Kingdom of England.
1704
      
Treaty of Ilbersheim
Removes Bavaria from the War of the Spanish Succession.
1706
      
Treaty of Altranstädt
Between Augustus II, king of Poland and elector of Saxony, and Charles XII of Sweden.
1707
      
Treaty of Altranstädt
Emperor Joseph I guarantees to Charles XII religious tolerance and liberty of conscience for Silesian Protestants.
1707
      
Treaty of Union
Unites the Kingdoms of England and Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1711
      
Treaty of Szatmár
Ends the Kuruc Rebellion led by Francis II Rákóczi.
1713
      
Treaty of Portsmouth
Ends Queen Anne's War hostilities between the Abenakis and the Province of Massachusetts Bay.
1713
      
Treaty of Utrecht
Ends the War of the Spanish Succession.
1714
      
Treaty of Baden
Ends hostilities between France and the Holy Roman Empire and also ends the War of the Spanish Succession.
1714
      
Treaty of Rastatt
Ends the War of the Spanish Succession; hostilities between Louis XIV of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI cease.
1717
      
Second Triple Alliance
Alliance between Kingdom of Great Britain, the United Provinces and France.
1718
      
Treaty of Passarowitz
Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.
1720
      
Treaty of Den Haag IV
Spain cedes territories to Italy after the War of the Quadruple Alliance.
1720
      
Treaty of Frederiksborg
Ends Great Northern War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway.
1720
      
Treaty of Stockholm
Ends the Great Northern War between Sweden and Hanover, Prussia and Denmark.
1721
      
Treaty of Nystad
Ends the Great Northern War between Sweden and Russia.
1725
      
Treaty of Hanover
Establishes a military alliance between Great Britain, France, Prussia, Sweden, the Netherlands and Denmark against Spain.
1725
      
Treaty of Vienna
Ends Austrian claims to the Spanish throne; Austria helps Spain to reacquire Gibraltar from the British.
1727
      
Treaty of Kyakhta
Redefines boundaries between Russia and China.
1729
      
Treaty of Seville
Britain maintains control over Port Mahon and Gibraltar.
1731
      
Treaty of Vienna
Verifies the Quadruple Alliance between the Holy Roman Empire, Britain, the Dutch Empire, and Spain.
1732
      
Löwenwolde's Treaty
Establishes a joint policy between Austria, the Russian Empire, and Prussia pertaining to the succession of the Polish throne.
1732
      
Treaty of Rasht
Ends Russian claims over Persian territories.
1738
      
Treaty of Vienna
Ends the War of the Polish Succession.
1739
      
Treaty of Belgrade
Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.
1739
      
Treaty of El Pardo
Spain and the United Kingdom settle their respective claims to American navigation and trade.
1739
      
Treaty of Nissa
Ends the war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
1740
      
Treaty of Friendship and Alliance
Between the Miskito nation and Kingdom of Great Britain.
1742
      
Treaty of Berlin
Ends First Silesian War.
1742
      
Treaty of Breslau
Ends First Silesian War.
1743
      
Treaty of Åbo
Ends the Hats' Russian War.
1743
      
Treaty of Worms
Establishes political alliance between the Kingdom of Great Britain, Austria and Sardinia.
1745
      
Treaty of Dresden
Austria confirms the loss of Silesia to Prussia after the Second Silesian War.
1745
      
Treaty of Fontainebleau
Establishes a military alliance between Louis XV of France and Charles Edward Stuart against George II of Great Britain.
1745
      
Treaty of Füssen
Ends Bavaria's support of the French in the War of the Austrian Succession.
1748
      
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
Ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
1750
      
Treaty of Madrid
Defines the boundaries of the Spanish and the Portuguese colonies in South America, replacing the Treaty of Tordesillas.
1752
      
Treaty of Aranjuez
Recognizes Spanish and Austrian interests in Italy.
1755
      
Treaty of Giyanti
Divides the Sultanate of Mataram between Prince Mangkubumi and Pakubuwono III.
1756
      
Treaty of Westminster
Treaty of neutrality between Prussia and the British Empire.
1757
      
Treaty of Alinagar
Between the British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal.
1758
      
Treaty of Easton
Native Americans agree not to fight the British during the French and Indian War.
1761
      
Treaty of El Pardo
Nullifies the Treaty of Madrid.
1762
      
Treaty of Fontainebleau
A secret agreement whereby France cedes Louisiana to Spain.
1762
      
Treaty of Hamburg
Between Prussia and Sweden after Russia breaks its alliance with Prussia.
1762
      
Treaty of Saint Petersburg
Ends the Seven Years War between Russia and Prussia.
1763
      
First Treaty of Paris
Divided Louisiana - gave east of the Mississippi to England, West of the Mississippi to France.
1763
      
Treaty of Hubertusburg
Ends the Seven Years' War.
1765
      
Treaty of Allahabad
Mughal Emperor Shah Aalum grants Diwani rights to the British East India Company.
1766
      
Treaty of Batticaloa
King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy recognizes Dutch imperial possessions in Sri Lanka.
1768
      
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
In North America, the boundary established by the Proclamation of 1763 is moved west.
1768
      
Treaty of Masulipatam
Confirms the conquest of the state of Hyderabad by the British.
1770
      
Treaty of Lochaber
The Cherokee relinquish territories to the British Empire.
1774
      
Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji
Ends Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774.
1776
      
Treaty of Purandar
Between the peshwa of the Maratha people and the British East India Company.
1776
      
Treaty of Watertown
Alliance between the State of Massachusetts Bay and the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia.
1777
      
First Treaty of San Ildefonso
Ends disputes between Portugal and Spain over the territories of The Seven Missions and of Colonia del Sacramento.
1777
      
Treaty of Aranjuez
Defines Spanish and French colonies on Santo Domingo.
1778
      
Treaty of Alliance
Establishes a military alliance between the United States and France.
1778
      
Treaty of Amity and Commerce
Establishes a commercial alliance between the United States and France
1778
      
Treaty of El Pardo
Queen Maria I of Portugal cedes Annobón, Bioko, and territories on the Guinea coast to King Charles III of Spain.
1778
      
Treaty of Fort Pitt
Gives the United States permission to travel through Delaware territory, as well as to call upon the Delaware Indians to help American troops fight against the British.
1779
      
Treaty of Aranjuez
Spain joins the American Revolutionary War against the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1779
      
Treaty of Teschen
Ends the War of the Bavarian Succession between Austria and Prussia.
1780
      
Treaty of Aranjuez
Spain cedes territories to Morocco.
1780
      
Treaty of Salbai
Between the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company.
1783
      
Second Treaty of Paris
Ends the American Revolutionary War.
1783
      
Treaty of Georgievsk
Establishes the east Georgian kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti as a protectorate under suzerainty of the Russian Empire.
1784
      
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
The Iroquois Confederacy cedes all lands west of the Niagara River to the United States.
1785
      
Treaty of Fort McIntosh
Native American tribes cede to the United States all claims to land in the Ohio Country east of the Cuyahoga and Muskingum rivers; the areas surrounding Fort Detroit and Fort Michilimackinac.
1785
      
Treaty of Hopewell
Between the United States and the Cherokee Indians.
1786
      
Eden Agreement
Between the Kingdom of Great Britain and France.
1786
      
Moroccan-American Treaty of Friendship
The oldest non-broken friendship treaty between Morocco and the United States.
1786
      
Treaty of Hartford
Resolves territorial and border disputes between the states of New York and Massachusetts.
1786
      
Treaty of Hopewell
Between the United States, the Choctaw Indians, and the Chickasaw Indians.
1787
      
Treaty of Beaufort
Officially sets the all-river boundary between the U.S. states of Georgia and South Carolina.
1788
      
Third Triple Alliance
Alliance between Kingdom of Great Britain, the United Provinces and Kingdom of Prussia.
1789
      
Jay-Gardoqui Treaty
Trade treaty between United States and Spain.
1789
      
Treaty of Fort Harmar
Between the United States government and several Native American tribes with claims to the Ohio Country.
1790
      
Treaty of New York
Between Henry Knox and the Creek people.
1790
      
Treaty of Reichenbach
Between Frederick William II of Prussia and Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II of Austria.
1790
      
Treaty of Värälä
Ends Russo-Swedish War (1788-1790).
1791
      
Treaty of Holston
Settles disputes between the United States and the Cherokee over the territories south of the Ohio River; proclaimed and amended in 1792.
1792
      
Treaty of Jassy
Ends the Russo-Turkish War (1787-1792).
1794
      
Jay Treaty
Attempts to settle post-Revolution disputes between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1794
      
Treaty of Canandaigua
Establishes peace and friendship between the United States and the Six Nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee).
1795
      
Pinckney's Treaty
Defines boundaries of the United States and Spanish colonies.
1795
      
Treaty of Basel
Three agreements whereby France made peace with Prussia, Spain and Hessen-Kassel; concludes the stage of the French Revolutionary Wars against the First Coalition.
1795
      
Treaty of Den Haag V
The Batavian Republic cedes Venlo, Flanders, and Maastricht to France.
1795
      
Treaty of Greenville
Ends the war between the United States and a coalition of Native Americans.
1796
      
Second Treaty of San Ildefonso
Treaty of alliance between Spain and France against Britain.
1796
      
Treaty of Colerain
Affirms the binding of the Treaty of New York (1790) and establishes the boundary line between the Creek Nation and the United States.
1796
      
Treaty of New York
Between the Seven Nations of Canada and a U.S. delegation led by Abraham Ogden.
1796
      
Treaty of Tripoli
Ends the war between the United States and Tripoli.
1797
      
Treaty of Campo Formio
Ends the first phase of the Napoleonic Wars.
1797
      
Treaty of Leoben
Preliminary accord to the Treaty of Campo Formio; Austria loses Belgium and Lombardy in exchange for Istria and Dalmatia.
1797
      
Treaty of Tolentino
Between France and the Papal States.
1797
      
Treaty With Tunis
Peace treaty between the United States and the 'Barbary State' of Tunis, nominally part of the Ottoman Empire.
1800
      
Third Treaty of San Ildefonso
Cedes Spanish holdings in America to France.
1800
      
Treaty of Mortefontaine
Ends the Quasi-War between the United States and France.
1801
      
Carnatic Treaty
The Nawab of Arcot cedes territories in India to the British Empire in exchange for two-hundred rupees.
1801
      
Treaty of Aranjuez
Confirms the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso.
1801
      
Treaty of Badajoz
Portugal cedes Almeida, Olivenza, and some other fortresses to Spain and agrees to close its harbors to the English.
1801
      
Treaty of Florence
The Kingdom of Naples cedes some central Italian possessions, the island of Elba, and the Athena of Velletri to France.
1801
      
Treaty of Lunéville
Ends the Second Coalition against France.
1801
      
Treaty of Madrid
Reinforces the Treaty of Badajoz; Portugal also agrees to pay France an indemnity of 20 million francs and surrender half of Guiana.
1802
      
Treaty of Amiens
Ends the war between France and the United Kingdom.
1802
      
Treaty of Bassein
The Maratha peshwa of Pune cedes territories in western India to the British Empire.
1803
      
Louisiana Purchase
United States buys Louisiana from France.
1803
      
Treaty of Surji-Arjungaon
Between the British and Daulat Rao Sindhia, chief of the Maratha people; treaty was revised twice.
1804
      
Treaty of St. Louis
The Sac and Fox tribes ceded lands to the United States from northeast Missouri through almost all of Illinois north of the Illinois River as well as a large section of southern Wisconsin.
1805
      
Treaty of Fort Industry
Establishes the western boundary of the United States through present-day Toledo, Ohio.
1805
      
Treaty of Pressburg
Ends the war between France and Austria.
1806
      
Treaty of Poznań
Ends the war between France and Saxony after the latter’s defeat during the War of the Fourth Coalition.
1807
      
Treaties of Tilsit
Agreements between France, Russia and Prussia creating the Duchy of Warsaw.
1807
      
Treaty of Detroit
Between the United States and the Native American nations of Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot and Potawatomi.
1807
      
Treaty of Finckenstein
Between the French Empire and Persia.
1807
      
Treaty of Fontainebleau
Agreement between Spain and France that partitions Portugal.
1808
      
Treaty of Fort Clark
The Osage Nation cedes to the United States large portions of the Missouri Territory.
1809
      
Treaty of the Dardanelles
Agreement between the Ottoman Empire and the United Kingdom.
1809
      
Treaty of Fort Wayne
Obtains more than two million acres (8,000 km²) of American Indian land for the white settlers of Ohio and Indiana.
1809
      
Treaty of Hamina
Ends the Finnish War between Sweden and Russia.
1809
      
Treaty of Schönbrunn
Ends the Fifth Coalition during the Napoleonic Wars.
1810
      
Treaty of Paris
Ends the war between France and Sweden.
1812
      
Treaty of Bucharest
Ends the Russo–Turkish War, 1806–1812.
1813
      
Treaties of Reichenbach
Establishes a coalition between Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, and Austria against Napoleon of France.
1813
      
Treaty of Fulda
Württemberg leaves the Confederation of the Rhine.
1813
      
Treaty of Gulistan
A peace treaty between Imperial Russia and Qajarid Persia.
1813
      
Treaty of Kalisz
Russia and Prussia establish the Kalisz Union against Napoleon I.
1813
      
Treaty of Peterswaldau
Great Britain agrees to support a German legion of 10,000 men for the Russian service.
1813
      
Treaty of Ried
Bavaria leaves the Confederation of the Rhine and agrees to join the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.
1813
      
Treaty of Töplitz
Augments the coalition between Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, and Austria against Napoleon of France.
1814
      
Convention of Moss
Armistice agreement and de facto peace treaty between Norway and Sweden.
1814
      
First Anglo-Dutch Treaty
Between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces (Netherlands).
1814
      
Third Treaty of Paris
Ends war between France and the Sixth Coalition.
1814
      
Treaty of Fontainebleau
Exiles Napoleon Bonaparte as the Emperor of Elba.
1814
      
Treaty of Fort Jackson
The Creek cede territories to the United States after their defeat at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
1814
      
Treaty of Ghent
Ends the War of 1812.
1814
      
Treaty of Kiel
The king of Denmark-Norway cedes Norway to Sweden in exchange for territories in Pomerania.
1815
      
Congress of Vienna
Conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe.
1815
      
Fourth Treaty of Paris
Follows the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.
1815
      
Sugauli Treaty
Ends the Anglo-Nepalese War; goes into effect on March 4, 1816.
1815
      
Treaty of Springwells
The United States waives all territorial rights over the Genessee County and restores to the Indians all of their possessions.
1816
      
Treaty of St. Louis
The Council of Three Fires cedes a 20-mile strip of land, which connected Chicago and Lake Michigan with the Illinois River.
1817
      
Rush-Bagot Treaty
Settles boundary disputes between the United States and the United Kingdom.
1817
      
Treaty of Fort Meigs
Between the United States and the Wyandot, Seneca, Delaware, Shawnee, Potawatomi, Ottawa and Ojibwa tribes.
1817
      
Treaty of Titalia
Between the chogyal (monarch) of Sikkim and the British East India Company.
1818
      
Anglo-American Convention
Resolves boundary disputes between the United States and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; both share the Oregon Country.
1818
      
Treaty of the Creek Agency
Between the United States and the Creek people.
1818
      
Treaty of St. Louis
The Osage Nation cedes all territories to the United States beginning at the Arkansas River and ending at the Verdigris River.
1818
      
Treaty of St. Mary's
Between the United States and the Miami tribe.
1819
      
Adams-Onís Treaty
Settles a border dispute between the United States and Spain.
1819
      
Treaty of Saginaw
Native Americans cede land to the United States.
1820
      
Treaty of Doak's Stand
The Choctaw agree to surrender one-third of their land to the United States.
1821
      
Treaty of Chicago
The Ottawa, Ojibwe, and Potawatomi tribes cede to the United States all lands in the Michigan Territory south of the Grand River.
1821
      
Treaty of Córdoba
Mexico becomes independent from Spain.
1821
      
Treaty of Indian Springs
Creek Indians cede land to the state of Georgia in return for cash payments totaling $200,000 over a period of 14 years.
1824
      
Russo-American Treaty
Fixes Russian Alaska southern border at 54°40'.
1824
      
Second Anglo-Dutch Treaty
Settles disputes between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, dividing the Malay World.
1825
      
Osage Treaty
The Osage Nation cedes territories to the United States within and west of Missouri and the Arkansas Territory.
1825
      
Treaty of Hanover
Ends the War of German Dissolution.
1825
      
Treaty of Indian Springs
Relocates the Creek Indians in Georgia (except the Tokaubatchee) to a parcel of land along the Arkansas River.
1825
      
Treaty of Prairie Du Chien
Between the United States and representatives of the Sioux, Sac and Fox, Menominie, Ioway, Winnebago and the Anishinaabeg tribes.
1825
      
Treaty of St. Louis
The Shawnee cede Cape Geredeau to the United States.
1826
      
Akkerman Convention
Forces the Ottomans to retreat from Moldavia and Wallachia; grants autonomy to the Principality of Serbia.
1826
      
Burney Treaty
British acknowledge Siamese claim over the four northern Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perris and Terengganu.
1826
      
Treaty of Mississinwas
Between the United States and the Miami tribe.
1826
      
Treaty of Yandaboo
Ends the First Burmese War.
1827
      
Treaty of London
Alliance between the United Kingdom, France and Russia to end Turkish action in Greece.
1828
      
Treaty of Montevideo
Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay.
1828
      
Treaty of Turkmenchay
The Persian Empire loses many of its northern territories to Imperial Russia after its defeat at the end of the Russo-Persian War, 1826-1828.
1829
      
London Protocol
Formulates the boundaries of modern Greece.
1829
      
Treaty of Adrianople
Russia secures the right to protect Greece and control the mouths to the Danube River.
1829
      
Treaty of Prairie Du Chien
Between the United States and representatives of the Council of Three Fires.
1830
      
London Protocol
Confirms sovereignty of Greece.
1830
      
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
United States grants rights to the Choctaw.
1831
      
Pacto Federal
Establishes a military alliance between the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos, and Santa Fe.
1831
      
Treaty of the Eighty Articles
Establishes Belgium's borders.
1832
      
London Protocol
Reiterates and ratifies the terms of the Treaty of Constantinople.
1832
      
Treaty of Constantinople
Officially ends the Greek War of Independence and establishes the borders of modern Greece.
1832
      
Treaty of Cusseta
Between the government of the United States and the Creek people.
1833
      
Treaty of Chicago
Native American tribes cede lands west of Lake Michigan to the United States in exchange for a reservation of equal size further to the west on the Missouri River; proclaimed in 1835.
1833
      
Treaty of Hünkâr İskelesi
Russia gains use of the Bosporus.
1833
      
Treaty of Zonhoven
Establishes special regulations over the use of the Meuse River by Holland and Belgium.
1834
      
Treaty of Desmichels
France acknowledges Abd-el-Kader as bey of Mascara and independent sovereign ruler of Oran in Algeria.
1835
      
Batman's Treaty
Between John Batman and a group of Wurundjeri elders for the sale of land around Port Phillip Bay.
1835
      
Treaty of New Echota
Between the United States and several members of a faction within the Cherokee nation.
1836
      
Treaties of Velasco
Between the republics of Mexico and Texas in the aftermath of the Battle of San Jacinto.
1836
      
Treaty of Washington
Ottawa and Chippewa Indians cede to the United States the northwest portion of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan and the eastern portion of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
1837
      
Treaty of Tafna
Ends conflict between French and Algerian forces; France cedes territories to Abd-el-Kader.
1838
      
Treaty of Balta Liman
Commercial treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the United Kingdom.
1838
      
Treaty of Buffalo Creek
Between the Seneca tribe of Western New York and certain purchasers of rights to the Indians' land.
1839
      
Convention of 1839
Guarantees the neutrality of Belgium.
1840
      
Treaty of Waitangi
New Zealand becomes a British colony.


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