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Textile Terminology

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107 facts:

Aba
   is   
A Loose Cloak
Possibly of Arabian origin
Abho
   is   
A Loose Shirt-like Garment
Worn by women mostly In Gujarat and Rajasthan
Aida Cloth
   is   
Cloth Traditionally Used for Cross-stitch
Aklae
   is   
Norwegian Low-warp Tapestry Technique
Aubousson
   is   
Fine, Hand-woven Tapestry Used for Wall Hangings or Carpets
Baize
   is   
Coarse Woolen Fabric With a Long Nap
Batik
   is   
Dyeing Process in Which Portions of Cloth Are Coated With Wax and Resist the Dye
Beetling
   is   
Process of Striking Woven Linen With Rollers to Flatten the Fibers
Bobbin
   is   
The Cylinder Upon Which Yarn or Thread is Wound
Brocatelle
   is   
A Heavy Fabric Similar in Appearance to a Damask
Bump
   is   
A Cylinder of Coiled, Prepared Fibers Ready for Spinning
Calendaring
   is   
The Procedure of Pressing Fabric Between Heated and Rotating Cylinders to Give a Smooth Glossy Surface
Calico
   is   
Fabric Made from Unbleached, and Often Not Fully Processed Cotton
Cambric
   is   
Lightweight Cotton Cloth Used As Fabric for Lace and Needlework
Candle
   is   
The Stiffened Fat on an Unwashed Fleece
Cashgora
   is   
Fiber Produced by Crossing Cashmere Goats With Angora Goats
Charmeuse
   is   
A Satin Weave Silk With a Crepe Back
Chiffon
   is   
Sheer Fabric Made of Silk or Rayon
China Grass
   is   
An Alternative Name for Ramie
A bast fiber
Chino Cloth
   is   
A Kind of Twill Fabric, Usually Made Primarily from Cotton
Chintz
   is   
A Plain Weave Cotton Fabric Printed in Multi-color
Clock Reel
   is   
A Device for Winding Hanks of Yarn
Cockle
   is   
Wrinkled Effect Resulting from Inconsistent Shrinkage
Coir
   is   
Coarse Fiber Extracted from the Fibrous Outer Shell of a Coconut
Copp
   is   
The Cone of Fibers That Builds up on a Spindle
Cotted
   is   
A Fleece That Contains Fibers That Are Matted Together
Creel
   is   
A Frame Onto Which Textile Packages Are Mounted
Crocking
   is   
The Transfer of Dye Stuff from One Fabric to Another Item by Friction
Decatizing
   is   
Pressing Process to Improve Quality and Appearance of Fabric
Denier
   is   
A Unit of Weight Indicating the Fineness of Fiber Filaments and Yarns
Dimity
   is   
Stout Cotton Cloth With Woven-in Stripes or Flowers
Diz
   is   
Tool Used to Help Form an Even Top in Wool Combing
Doupion
   is   
A Silk-breeding Term Used for Double Cocoons
Dowlas
   is   
Coarse Linen Cloth
Dowlas
   is   
A Plain Cloth, Similar to Sheeting, but Usually Coarser
Faille
   is   
A Fabric With Construction of Pronounced Cross-ribs Giving a Corded Effect
Fellmongedring
   is   
Process of Gathering Wool from the Fleeces of Dead Sheep
Frieze
   is   
Firm Fabric With Pile of Uncut Loops on the Surface
Gabardine
   is   
Tightly Woven Fabric Often Used to Make Suits and Overcoats
Gante
   is   
Cloth Made from Cotton or Tow Warp and Jute Weft
Ginning
   is   
Mechanical Process to Remove Cotton Fibers from Seed
Gossamer
   is   
Very Light, Sheer, Gauze-like Fabric
Greige Goods
   is   
Fabric in the Condition in Which It Leaves the Loom or Knitting Machine
Before dyeing or coloring
Grogram
   is   
A Coarse Fabric of Silk Mixed With Wool, Stiffened With Gum
Hank
   is   
A Package of Yarn from a Reel
Huckaback
   is   
Coarse Absorbent Cotton or Linen Fabric Used for Making Towels
Huke
   is   
A Cape or Cloak With a Hood Worn by Women
. . . and later, by men
Intarsia
   is   
A Knitting Technique Used to Create Patterns With Multiple Colors
Jamdani
   is   
Fine Cloth Made in Bangladesh
Keratin
   is   
A Protein Substance Which is the Chief Component of Wool Fiber
Kirtle
   is   
A Tunic or Short Coat Reaching to the Knees
Lanolin
   is   
Purified Wool Grease
Loden
   is   
Water-resistant Material for Clothing Made from Sheep Wool
Lucet
   is   
Method of Cordmaking or Braiding Dating Back to the Viking Era
Martindale
   is   
An Abrasion Test Used to Measure the Durability of Fabric
Matelasse
   is   
A Double-woven Cloth Tht Simulates a Quilted Effect
Mawata
   is   
Silk Cocoons That Have Been Simmered and Opened Onto a Wooden Frame
Mohair
   is   
A Wool-like Fiber Derived from the Fleece of the Angora Goat
Moity Wool
   is   
Wool That Contains Straw or Other Non-seed Vegetable Matter
Moll
   is   
Soft Fine White Cotton from India
Sometimes called Mull
Mordant
   is   
A Material Used to Fix a Dye in or on a Substance
Mungo
   is   
Fibrous Woolen Material Generated from Waste Fabric
Murrey
   is   
Mulberry or Purple-red Colored Cloth
Nainsook
   is   
Soft Muslin Fabric Often Used to Make Babies Clothing
Neps
   is   
Small Knots of Tangled Fiber
Niddy-Noddy
   is   
Traditional Way to Wind a Skein and Measure Yarn
Pelt
   is   
A Sheep Skin With the Wool Attached
Pennystone
   is   
A Coarse Woolen Cloth, Always Sold in White
Percale
   is   
Closely Woven, High Thread Count, Cotton Fabric Often Used for Sheets
Perpetuana
   is   
A Durable Woolen Fabric With a Twill Weave
Pick
   is   
A Weft Thread Passing Through the Warp in Weaving
Pilling
   is   
Small Collection of Entangled Fibers on a Fabric Surface
Pina
   is   
Vegetable Leaf Fiber from the Pineapple Plant
Pucker
   is   
An Undulation in the Fabric
Qivuit
   is   
Down Undercoat Fiber from the Musk Ox
Retayne
   is   
A Cationic Dye Fixing Agent
Rolag
   is   
Cigar-shaped Roll of Carded Fiber
Selvage
   is   
The Narrow Edge of Woven Fabric That Runs Parallel to the Warp
Serging
   is   
The Binding off of an Edge of Cloth
Sericin
   is   
Silk Gum
Sheer
   is   
A Semi-transparent and Flimsy Cloth
Sheers
   is   
Light Weight Translucent Fabrics
Shifu
   is   
Thread Made from Paper
Japanese tradition
Sisal
   is   
Vegetable Fiber Made Into Strong, Coarse Twine
Stenter
   is   
A Finishing Machine Used for Drying and to Set Fabric Width
Also “Tenter”
Strick
   is   
Bundle of Prepared (hackled) Flax Fibers
Strike-off
   is   
A Trial Sample of Printed Fabric
Tahkli
   is   
A Small Metal-whorl Supported Spindle
Tarlatan
   is   
A Starched, Open-weave Fabric, Much Like Cheese Cloth
Tatting
   is   
Technique for Handcrafting Lace
Tentering
   is   
To Straighten the Fabric and Dry It
Thrum
   is   
A Waste Length of Yarn or Fabric, or Both, Formed During Loom Prep
Ticking
   is   
Closely-woven Strong Linen or Cotton
Used for mattresses
Toile
   is   
A Refined Cotton or Linen Print Usually Monochrome With Intricately Detailed Pattern
Tulle
   is   
Netting Often Made of Silk, Nylon, or Rayon and Commonly Used for Veils and Gowns
Twitt
   is   
Yarn Which is Irregular
Vicuna
   is   
A Costly Hair Fiber Derived from the Llama Family
Warp
   is   
Yarns That Run the Length of the Loom
Weft
   is   
Set of Threads Which Crosses the Warp at Right Angles
Also called “woof”
Welt
   is   
A Pocket Opening Treatment
Wether
   is   
A Male Sheep or Goat Castrated Before Sexual Maturity
Wickability
   is   
The Ability to Draw Moisture Through the Fiber
Woad
   is   
A Glue Dye Produced from Isatis Tinctoria
Wrought
   is   
Embroidered
Wuzzing
   is   
Removing Excess Moisture by Centrifugal Force
Zibeline
   is   
A Thick, Soft Fabric With a Long Nap
Z-Twist
   is   
Spinning Counterclockwise


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