Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
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AbdÃ¼laziz was deposed by his ministers on May 30, 1876. His death was ruled as a suicide although it is not clear how he managed to get scissors and cut both of his wrists at once.
AbdÃ¼lhamid was imprisoned for most of the first forty-two years of his life by his cousins Mahmud I and Osman III and his older brother Mustafa III, as was custom.
AbdÃ¼lhamid II was the last Ottoman Sultan to rule with absolute power.
His reign was notable for the rise of nationalist movements within the empire's territories.
Nicknamed "The Fortunate". Known for his skills in fencing, poetry, horseback riding and fluency in five languages.
Nicknamed "The Warrior Prince".
Deposed in consequence of the Janissary rebellion led by Patrona Halil.
Nicknamed "The Thunderbolt" Captured on the battle field a the Battle of Ankara. Died in captivity in 1403.
Nicknamed "The Saint". Abdicated.
Nicknamed "The Arrage". Strangled in Istanbul at the behest of the Grand Vizier.
Nicknamed "The Bowstring Maker". Widely known as the secound founder of the Ottoman Empire.
Surrendered the throne to his father (Murad II) after having asked him to return to power
Nicknamed "The Hunchback". Entrusted government to his viziers and spent much of his time composing poetry.
His reign is notable mostly for the extensive administrative, military and fiscal reforms he instituted, which culminated into the Decree of Tanzimat.
Remains notorious even in Ottoman history for having nineteen of his brothers and half brothers murdered to secure power. He also killed over twenty of his sisters as well. They were all strangled by his deaf-mutes.
Nicknamed "The Hunter". Deposed in 1687 following the Ottoman defeat at the Second Battle of Mohacs.
His reign began on 27 April 1909 but he had no real political power. His only significant political act was to formally declare Jihad against the Allies in 1914.
The 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Mehmed was removed from the thrown when the Ottoman sultanate was abolished in 1922.
Established the Empire by building up a society and government in the newly conquered city of Adrianople.
Abdicated of his own free will in favour of his son Mahmed II.
Murad begin his reign by having his five younger brothers strangled.
Nicknamed "The Warrior". Banned alcohol, tobacco and coffee in Istanbul. He ordered execution for breaking this ban although he was a habitual drinker.
Deposed due to his efforts to implement democratic reforms in the empire.
Nicknamed "The Intestable". Deposed due to his non-syndromic mental retardation in favour of his young nephew Osman II.
Deposed in 1703 by reason of the Janissary uprising known as the 'Edirne Event'.
Nicknamed "The First Innovative". Sought to modernize the army and the internal state machinery to bring his empire in line with the Powers of Europe.
Mustafa came to the throne in the wake of the turbulent events that led to the fatwa against Selim III for "introducing amongs the Moslems the manners of infidels".
Was the second Bey, or chief, of the nascent Ottoman Empire
Nicknamed "Kara" for his courage, was the leader of the Ottoman Turks, and the founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman Empire.
Nicknamed "The Young". Murdered by the Grand Vizier by compression of his testicles.
Nicknamed "The Devout". He hated music and had a dislike to women's companionship.
Selim put his brothers and nephews to death upon his accession in order to eliminate potential pretenders to the throne.
Also known as "Selim the Drunkard". Devoid of military interest and abandoned power to his ministers provided he was left free to pursue his orgies and debauches.
Selim III would be the only Ottoman sultan to be killed by the sword (assassination).
Nicknamed "The Magnificent" for his complete reconstruction of the Ottoman Legal system.
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