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89 facts:

The Advancement of Learning
   was written by   
Francis Bacon
A founder of the modern, experimental, scientific approach to understanding
Analects
   was written by   
Confucius
Early Chinese philosopher
The Apology
   was written by   
Plato
Ostensibly an account of the trial of Socrates and the philosopher's defense against the charge of corrupting Athenian youth
Being and Time
   was written by   
Martin Heidegger
Why there is something rather than nothing
Beyond Good and Evil
   was written by   
Friedrich Nietzsche
Nietzsche was named after King Frederick William IV of Prussia, who was exactly 49 years older than him.
The City of God
   was written by   
St. Augustine
Believed in separation of church and state.
Common Sense
   was written by   
Thomas Paine
Paine was a self proclaimed Deist.
The Communist Manifesto
   was written by   
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Marx's tombstone reads "WORKERS OF ALL LANDS, UNITE"
Computing Machinery & Intelligence
   was written by   
Alan Turing
1950, “can machines think?”.
Confessions
   was written by   
St. Augustine
The form of Christianity found in this autobiography has dominated European ideas up to the present time.
The Consolation of Philosophy
   was written by   
Severinus Boethius
One of the most influential books of the Middle Ages
Critiques of Pure and Practical Reason
   was written by   
Immanuel Kant
Forms the central core of Kant's thinking; published, 1788
Dark Night of the Soul
   was written by   
St. John of the Cross
1864; mystical theology
Democracy in America
   was written by   
Alex De Tocqueville
1835, “In America I saw more than America….”
Discourse on Method
   was written by   
René Descartes
A landmark in the modern history of philosophic thought
Ecce Homo
   was written by   
Friedrich Nietzsche
1908
Either/Or
   was written by   
Søren Kierkegaard
1843
Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
   was written by   
David Hume
Hume's law: "it is never possible to deduce evaluative conclusions from factual premises," or, the is/ought problem
Essay Concerning Human Understanding
   was written by   
John Locke
Father of English empiricism
Ethics
   was written by   
Baruch Spinoza
Central idea is the God is the universe
Existentialism is a Humanism
   was written by   
Jean-Paul Sartre
Philosophy begins with the assumption of human existence as fact
Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals
   was written by   
Immanuel Kant
Aims to find the underlying principle which defines actions as good or evil
In Praise of Folly
   was written by   
Desiderius Erasmus
A leading light of the anti-clerical rationalism of the early sixteenth century
An Inquiry Into Meaning and Truth
   was written by   
Bertrand Russell
1940
An Introduction to Metaphysics
   was written by   
Henri Bergson
1912
Keeping Faith: Philosophy and Race in America
   was written by   
Cornel West
This powerful collection of essays ranges widely across politics and philosophy in America, the role of the black intellectual, legal theory and the future of liberal thoughts.
Language, Truth & Logic
   was written by   
A. J. Ayer
1936, “…logic and mathematics are true, simply because we never allow them to be anything else!”.
Leviathan
   was written by   
Thomas Hobbes
The full title of Leviathan was originally: "Leviathan or the matter, forme and power of a common-wealth ecclesiasticall and civil"
The Logic of Scientific Discovery
   was written by   
Karl Popper
1959
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
   was written by   
Isaac Newton
Contains Newton's laws of motion
Meditations
   was written by   
Marcus Aurelius
A collection of his notes on the philosophy of stoicism
Meditations on First Philosophy
   was written by   
René Descartes
"in which the Existence of God and the Distinction between Mind and Body are Demonstrated"; "Cogito ergo sum"
Memories, Dreams, Reflections
   was written by   
Carl Jung
1963
Metaphysics of Morals
   was written by   
Immanuel Kant
1785
Monadology
   was written by   
Gottfried Leibniz
"the soul is the mirror of the universe"
The Mystery of Being
   was written by   
Gabriel Marcel
1951; ethics, existentialism, metaphysics
Natural Mathematical Principles of Philosophy
   was written by   
Isaac Newton
1877
The Nature and Destiny of Man
   was written by   
Reinhold Niebuhr
Neoorthodox theology
Nature
   was written by   
Ralph Waldo Emerson
American transcendentalist; a view of nature into which humans can and ought to immerse themselves
Nicomachean Ethics
   was written by   
Aristotle
"If it is in our power to act nobly, it is also in our power to do evil."
On Friendship and on Old Age
   was written by   
Marcus Tullius Cicero
Public affairs is the citizen's highest duty
On Liberty
   was written by   
John Stuart Mill
1859
On War
   was written by   
Carl Von Clausewitz
1830, “war is the continuation of politics by other means”.
Our Knowledge of the External World
   was written by   
Bertrand Russell
1914
Pensées
   was written by   
Blaise Pascal
Incomplete at the time of his death in 1662
Perpetual Peace
   was written by   
Immanuel Kant
Kant changed his name for Emanuel to Immanuel when he learned Hebrew.
Philosophical Dictionary
   was written by   
Voltaire
1764
Philosophical Investigations
   was written by   
Ludwig Wittgenstein
1953
Philosophy in the Boudoir
   was written by   
Le Marquis De Sade
1795, “Cruelity is a virtue, not a vice”
The Philosophy of History
   was written by   
GWF Hegel
1837
The Philosophy of Religion
   was written by   
GWF Hegel
1832, “God is the absolute truth”.
Politics
   was written by   
Aristotle
Aristotle critisizes the writings of his mentor, Plato, in this book.
Positive Philosophy
   was written by   
Auguste Comte
1795, “Society…cannot be regarded as composed of individuals…”
Power/Knowledge
   was written by   
Michel Foucault
1980; societal and political philosophy
Pragmatism
   was written by   
William James
1907
The Prince
   was written by   
Niccolò Machiavelli
In The Prince, Machiavelli stressed that 'The ends justify the means.'
Principles of Human Knowledge
   was written by   
George Berkeley
1710, “Essence IS perception”.
Principles of Morals and Legislation
   was written by   
Jeremy Bentham
1789, “Mankind is governed by pain and pleasure”.
The Principles of Morals
   was written by   
David Hume
1751
Process and Reality
   was written by   
Alfred North Whitehead
1929
Psychoanalysis
   was written by   
Sigmund Freud
Theories have changed the way human nature is viewed
Reason and Existenz
   was written by   
Karl Jaspers
1955
Relativity
   was written by   
Albert Einstein
1916, “Gott würfelt nicht (God does not play dice)”.
The Republic
   was written by   
Plato
Poses the question, 'What is justice?'
Revolutions of the Celestial Orbs
   was written by   
Nicolaus Copernicus
1543
Rights of Man
   was written by   
Thomas Paine
Proposes that democratic reforms in America and France need to be implemented in England
The Second Sex
   was written by   
Simone De Beauvoir
1953
Secrets of God
   was written by   
Hildegard Von Bingen
Writings, published, 1996; born, 1098
The Sickness Unto Death
   was written by   
Søren Kierkegaard
1849, English translation, 1941; the concept of despair as it relates to the Christian concept of sin
The Social Contract
   was written by   
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Stressed amour-propre, or Self-Worth.
Sovran Maxims
   was written by   
Epicurus
A philosophy of refined and calculating pleasure seeking, in contrast to the rival creed of stoicism
The Summa Theologica
   was written by   
St. Thomas Aquinas
Believed that humans strived for their "summom bonum", or greatest good.
The Symposium
   was written by   
Plato
Also referred to as the Dinner Party
A System of Logic
   was written by   
John Stuart Mill
1843, “over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign”.
Thoughts
   was written by   
Blaise Pascal
Introduces Pascal's Wager, a bet on the existence of God
Thus Spake Zarathustra
   was written by   
Friedrich Nietzsche
1896
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
   was written by   
Ludwig Wittgenstein
1921, “The world is the totality of facts, not things”.
A Treatise of Human Nature
   was written by   
David Hume
Hume was the first philosopher of the modern era to produce a thoroughly naturalistic philosophy. This philosophy partly consisted in rejection of the historically prevalent conception of human minds as being miniature versions of the divine mind.
The Two Sources of Morality and Religion
   was written by   
Henri Bergson
1935
Two Treatises of Government
   was written by   
John Locke
Major influence on the founding fathers of the United States.
Utilitarianism
   was written by   
John Stuart Mill
1861
Utopia
   was written by   
Thomas More
Utopia was originally written in Latin. Literally translated, Utopia means, "no place".
Varieties of Religious Experience
   was written by   
William James
Investigation of the psychology of individual theologies
Vindication of the Rights of Women
   was written by   
Mary Wollstonecraft
1792, “I do not wish them to have power over men, but over ourselves”.
The Virtue of Selfishness
   was written by   
Ayn Rand
"Objectivist ethics proudly advocates and upholds rational selfishness."
Walden
   was written by   
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist with oriental influences
The Wealth of Nations
   was written by   
Adam Smith
1776, “It is not from the benevolence of the….baker that we expect our dinner….”
The Will to Believe
   was written by   
William James
1897
The World As Will and Idea
   was written by   
Arthur Schopenhauer
First published in 1819


Facts contributed by:


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