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A Papal bull is a particular type of letter, patent or charter issued by a pope. It is named after the bulla that was appended to the end to authenticate it. In terms of content, the bull is simply the format in which a decree of the Pope appears. Any subject may be treated in a bull, and many were and are, including statutory decrees, episcopal appointments, dispensations, excommunications, apostolic constitutions, canonizations and convocations.

89 facts:

Ad Abolendam
   was issued by   
Pope Lucuis III
1184 - Condemns heresy and lists some punishments (though stops short of death).
Ad Exstirpanda
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent IV
1252 - Authorizes the use of torture for eliciting confessions and executing relapsed heretics by burning them alive.
Ad Providam
   was issued by   
Pope Clement V
1312 - Grants the bulk of Templar property on to the Knights Hospitallers.
Ad Sacram
   was issued by   
Pope Alexander VII
1665 - Establishes a Council to control the conciliar agenda.
Aeterni Patris
   was issued by   
Pope Pius IX
1868 - Summons First Vatican Council.
Aeterni Regis
   was issued by   
Pope Sixtus IV
1481 - Sanctioned the Spanish Inquisition.
Alma Mater
   was issued by   
Pope Clement V
1310 - Postpones the Opening of the Council of Vienne until the investigation of the Templars is finished.
Antiqua Sanctorum Patrum
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory VII
1079 - Granted the church of Lyon primacy over the churches of Gaul.
Apostolicae Curae
   was issued by   
Pope Leo XIII
1896 - Declares all Anglican Holy Orders null and void.
Apostolici Regiminis
   was issued by   
Pope Leo X
1513 - States that the soul is really, of itself, and essentially, the form of the body.
Apostolicæ Sedis Moderationi
   was issued by   
Pope Pius IX
1871 - Defines papal infallibility.
Audita Tremendi
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory VIII
1187 - Called for the Third Crusade.
Benedictus Deus
   was issued by   
Pope Pius IV
1564 - Ratified all decrees and definitions of the Council of Trent.
Clericis Laicos
   was issued by   
Pope Boniface VIII
1296 - Prohibits any temporary power to seize the property of the clergy.
Coeli Et Terrae
   was issued by   
Pope Sixtus V
1586 - Condemned "judicial astrology" as superstitious.
Cum Ex Apostolatus Officio
   was issued by   
Pope Paul IV
1559 - Confirms that only Catholics can be elected Popes.
Cum Hiis Superioribus Annis
   was issued by   
Pope Calixtus III
1456 - Announces the fall of Constantinople.
Cum Hora Undecima
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory IX
1235 - First bull authorizing pagan friars to preach to pagan nations.
Cum Inter Nonnullos
   was issued by   
Pope John XXII
1323 - Definition on the Poverty of Christ and the Apostles.
Cum Nimis Absurdum
   was issued by   
Pope Paul IV
1555 - Places religious and economic restrictions on Jews in the Papal States.
Cum Non Solum
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent IV
1245 - Appeal to the Mongols to desist from attacking Christians.
Cum Nos Nuper
   was issued by   
Pope Pius IV
1567 - Declared that Jews are forbidden to own real estate - to sell or it be confiscated by the Holy See.
Cum Occasione
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent X
1653 - Condemns 5 Jansenist propositions.
Cum Simus Super
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent IV
1245 - Urged ecclesiastical unity.
Cum Universi
   was issued by   
Pope Celestine III
1192 - Gave control over the Scottish Church.
Decet Romanum Pontificem
   was issued by   
Pope Leo X
1521 - Ex-communicates Martin Luther.
Dei Patris Immensa
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent IV
1245 - Exposition of the Christian faith and urged Mongols to accept baptism.
Dei Verbum
   was issued by   
Pope Paul VI
1965 - There exists a close connection and communication between sacred Tradition and sacred Scripture.
De Sepulturis
   was issued by   
Pope Boniface VIII
1299 - Prohibits the dismembering and boiling of the dead to take all the bones to be buried somewhere else.
Dudum Ad Nostram
   was issued by   
Pope Eugene IV
1442 - Forbidden Jews to live with Christians or fill public functions. Established ghettos.
Dum Diversas
   was issued by   
Pope Nicholas V
1452 - Authorizes Afonso V of Portugal to reduce any Muslims, pagans and other unbelievers to perpetual slavery.
Etsi Judaeorum
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory IX
1233 - Jews are to be treated with the same humanity as other Christians.
Etsi Non Displaceat
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent III
1205 - Charges the Jews with arrogance, possession of Christian slaves, usury and blasphemy.
Ex Commisso Nobis
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent II
1136 - Bull of Gniezno - earliest record of the Polish language.
Exsurge Domine
   was issued by   
Pope Leo X
1520 - Demands that Martin Luther retract 41 of his 95 theses.
Exultavit Cor Nostrum
   was issued by   
Pope Urban IV
1263 - Cautiously welcomes the envoy of John the Hungarian.
Fasciens Misericordiam
   was issued by   
Pope Clement V
1308 - Sets out the procedure to prosecute the Knights Templar.
Golden Bull of Rimini
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent III
1199 - Assigns the uniform of a white tunic with a black cross to the Teutonic Knights.
Humanae Salutis
   was issued by   
Pope John XXIII
1961 - Summons the Second Vatican Council.
Ille Humani Generis
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory IX
1231 - Approved investigations by inquisitors to deal with heresy.
Immensa Aeterni Dei
   was issued by   
Pope Sixtus V
1588 - Provides instruction in condemning or correcting literature which were against Catholic doctrine.
Incarnationis Mysterium
   was issued by   
Pope John Paul II
1998 - The Great Jubilee of 2000 - a celebration of the mercy of God and forgiveness of sins.
In Eminenti Apostolatus Specula
   was issued by   
Pope Clement XII
1738 - Bans Catholics from becoming Freemasons.
In Generali Concilio
   was issued by   
Pope Honorius III
1218 - Established an inventory list of all goods in value of terms for all Templar Knights.
In Nomine Domini
   was issued by   
Pope Nicholas II
1059 - Established cardinal-bishops as the sole electors of the Pope.
Inter Caetera
   was issued by   
Pope Alexander VI
1493 - Divides the New World between Spain and Portugal.
Inter Gravissimas
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory XIII
1582 - Establishes the Gregorian calendar.
Lachrymabilem Judaeorum
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent IV
1247 - Calls for an end to persecution and murders resulting from ritual homicide.
Laudabiliter
   was issued by   
Pope Adrian IV
1155 - Gives the English King Henry II lordship over Ireland.
Libertas Ecclesiae
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory VII
1079 - The doctrine of clerical celibacy and freedom from sexual pollution.
Licet Ad Capiendos
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory IX
1233 - Marks the start of the Inquisition by the Church.
Milites Templi
   was issued by   
Pope Celestine II
1144 - Provides clergy protection to the Knights Templar.
Militia Dei
   was issued by   
Pope Eugene III
1145 - Allowed the Knights Templar to take tithes and burial fees.
Munificentissimus Deus
   was issued by   
Pope Pius XII
1950 - Defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
Omne Datum Optimum
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent II
1139 - Endorses the Knights Templar.
Parens Scientarum
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory IX
1231 - Guarantees the independence of the University of Paris.
Pastoralis Praeminentiæ
   was issued by   
Pope Clement V
1307 - Orders the arrest of the Knights Templar and the confiscation of their possessions.
Piis Fidelium
   was issued by   
Pope Alexander VI
1493 - Grants Spain vicarial power to appoint missionaries to the Indies.
Post Miserabile
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent III
1185 - Called for another Crusade.
Quam Singulari
   was issued by   
Pope Pius X
1910 - Allows the admittance of Communion to children who have reached the age of reason (about seven years old).
Quantum Praedecessores
   was issued by   
Pope Eugene III
1145 - Called for the Second Crusade.
Querentes in Agro
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent IV
1254 - Recognizes the patronage of the Holy See on the University of Oxford.
Quia Maior
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent III
1213 - Calls for the Fifth Crusade.
Quod Divina Sapientia
   was issued by   
Pope Leo XII
1824 - Restructures education in the Papal States under ecclesiastical supervision.
Redemptor Noster
   was issued by   
Pope John XXII
1323 - Withdrew the Mongol Ilkhan's dominions and transferred them to a Bominican province.
Regimini Militantis Ecclesiae
   was issued by   
Pope Paul III
1540 - Approves the formation of the Society of Jesus.
Regnans in Coelis
   was issued by   
Pope Clement V
1308 - Convenes the Council of Vienne to discuss the Knights Templar.
Regnans in Excelsis
   was issued by   
Pope Pius V
1570 - Declares Elizabeth I of England a heretic and releases her subjects from any allegiance to her.
Religiosam Vitam
   was issued by   
Pope Honorius III
1216 - Established the Dominician Order.
Rex Regnum
   was issued by   
Pope Clement V
1307 - Nominates seven Franciscans to act as papal suffragens in China.
Romanus Pontifex
   was issued by   
Pope Nicholas V
1455 - Sanctifies the seizure of non-Christian lands discovered during the Age of Discovery and encourages the enslavement of natives .
Scimus, Fili
   was issued by   
Pope Boniface VIII
1299 - Declared King Edward I claim to King of Scotland illegal.
Si Ad Reprimendos
   was issued by   
Pope Calixtus III
1456 - Banned social intercourse of Christians with Jews.
Sicut Dudum
   was issued by   
Pope Eugene IV
1435 - Forbids the slavery of black natives in the Canary Islands by Spanish slave traders.
Sicuti Judaeis Non Debet
   was issued by   
Pope Urban V
1365 - Stated that it was forbidden to molest Jews or force them into baptism.
Sicut Judaeis
   was issued by   
Pope Callixtus II
1120 - Provided protection for the Jews who suffered during the First Crusade.
Si Vera Sunt
   was issued by   
Pope Gregory IX
1239 - Authorizes torture of heretics during inquisition inquiries.
Solet Annuere
   was issued by   
Pope Honorius III
1223 - Outlines the life style for the Friars Minor .
Sollicitudo Omnium Ecclesiarum
   was issued by   
Pope Pius VII
1814 - Re-establishes the Society of Jesus
Sublimus Dei
   was issued by   
Pope Paul III
1537 - Forbids the enslavement of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Summis Desiderantes
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent VIII
1484 - Condemns an alleged outbreak of witchcraft and heresy in the region of the Rhine River Valley.
Supernæ
   was issued by   
Pope Leo X
1514 - Declares that the cardinals in a body should come immediately after the pope and precede all others in the church.
Super Speculam
   was issued by   
Pope Honorius III
1219 - Forbade the study of civil law and closed the schools of law in Paris.
Turbato Corde
   was issued by   
Pope Clement IV
1267 - Defends the Jews when the Black Death appeared at Avignon.
Unam Sanctam
   was issued by   
Pope Boniface VIII
1302 - Affirms the superiority of spiritual power over political power.
Unigenitus
   was issued by   
Pope Clement XI
1713 - Codemns Jansenism (free will and efficacious grace).
Universalis Ecclesiae
   was issued by   
Pope Pius IX
1850 - Recreates the Roman Catholic hierarchy in England.
Viam Agnoscere Veritatis
   was issued by   
Pope Innocent IV
1248 - Addressed to the King of the Mongols, in response to building an embassy.
Vox in Excelso
   was issued by   
Pope Clement V
1312 - Disbands the Knights Templar.


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