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Music Theory

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51 facts:

The Most Common Musical Tuning System
Divides the octave into 12 equal parts
20th Century Classical Music
A Style of European Music Written Between 1900 & 2000
Associated with Ravel, Stravinsky, Bartok, Mahler, Boulez, etc.
Playing the Subject at a Longer Time Value
Baroque Music
A Style of European Classical Music Widespread Between 1600 & 1750
Associated with Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, Monteverdi, etc.
The Study of Music from a Biological Point of View
Explores questions of music’s origin and the possibility of an evolutionary purpose for music
The Chord Progression That Comes at the Closing of a Musical Phrase
The Circle of Fifths
An Imaginary Geometrical Space Depicting Relationships Among the 12 Pitch Classes
First described by Heinichen in his 1728 treatise on composition
Classical Period
A Style of European Music Written Between 1730 and 1820
Associated with Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, and Schubert
The Small Interval Between Two Enharmonic Notes Tuned in Different Ways
A-flat tuned as a major third below C and G-sharp tuned as a major third above E will not be exactly the same note.
Contemporary Classical Music
A Style of European Music Written Between 1975 and the Present
Embraces movements such as polystylism, conceptualism, minimalism, modernism, serialism, etc.
Playing the Subject at a Shorter Time Value
A 12-tone Musical Composition Method
Devised by Arnold Schoenberg
The 5th Scale Degree
The most “pronounced” harmonic note after the tonic
A Note Which is the Equivalent of Some Other Note but Spelled Differently
C-sharp and D-flat are equivalent
The Study of Music in Its Cultural Context
Also considered the “anthropology of music.”
Musical Themes Stated Successively in All of the Voices of a Contrapuntal Structure
An imitative polyphonic composition
An Occurence when Two or More Pitches Are Sounded Simultaneously
Music Texture Where the Various Voices or Parts Are Differentiated in Character
I.e. a basic melody realized simultaneously by multiple voices
Music Texture in Which Two or More Parts Move Together in Harmony
The relationship between these parts creates chords
The Difference in Pitch Between Two Notes
Most basic being the octave
A Short Composition With 2-part Counterpoint
Usually for a keyboard instrument
Playing a Melody Upside-down
Leading Tone
The 7th Scale Degree
It “leads” to the tonic
The 3rd Scale Degree, or Middle Note of the Tonic Triad
Medieval Music
A Style of European Music Written During the Middle Ages
Between 476 and 1400
A Series of Pitches Sounding in Succession
Typically divided into phrases
Metric Modulation
The Change from One Time Signature to Another Where a Note Value from the 1st is Made Equivalent to One in the 2nd
Also called temporal modulation
An Arrangement of the Diatonic Tones of an Octave
The Process of Changing from One Key to Another
May or may not be accompanied by a change in key signature
A Solo Vocal Style Having a Single Melodic Line and Instrumental Accompaniment
Generally applied to Italian song of the early 17th century
Melody Without Accompanying Harmony
May be realized as just one note at a time
Music Cognition
The Study of the Perception and Performance of Music from the Viewpoint of Cognitive Science
Often shares the interdisciplinary field of cognitive linguistics
Music Theory
Investigating the Nature or Mechanics of Music
Analysis of rhythm, harmony, melody, structure, and texture of music
The Study of Musical Instruments
Includes history, cultural use, technical aspects of produced sound, etc.
The Property of Sound Determined by a Sound’s Frequency of Vibration
. Note “A” at modern concert pitch is defined to be 440 Hz
Music Texture Consisting of Two or More Independent Melodic Voices
The Use of More Than One Key Simultaneously
I.e. The fanfare of Petrushka (Stravinsky): 1st clarinet plays a melody in C major, 2nd clarinet plays a variant of the same melody using F sharp major.
Renaissance Music
The Style of European Music Written Between 1400 & 1600
Associated with Gabrielli, Taverner, Tallis, Des Prez, etc.
Playing a Melody Backwards
The Arrangement of Sounds in Time
Romantic Music
The Style of European Music Written Between 1815 and 1910
Associated with Chopin, Brahms, Grieg, Tchaikovsky, Wagner, etc.
Several Contrasting Episodes With Starting Material Returning After Each One
Classical musical form
A Pattern of Half and Whole Steps That Make up an Octave
In western music theory, the octave is divided into 12 notes
Set Theory
The Concepts for Categorizing Musical Objects and Describing Their Relationships
First elaborated by Howard Hanson in connection with tonal music
A Composition Using 3-part Counterpoint
Some publishers erroneously call them “3-part inventions” to avoid confusion with symphonies
The 4th Scale Degree Immediately Below the Dominant
The 6th Scale Degree
The middle note of the subdominant triad
The First Note of a Musical Scale
The pitch upon which all other pitches of a piece are hierarchically centered
The Process of Moving a Collection of Notes up or Down in Pitch by a Constant Interval
One might transpose an entire piece of music into another key
The Process of Assigning Pitches to Notes
The Study of the Music of Animals
Rather the musical aspects of sound produced and received by animals

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