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68 facts:

18 B.C.
      
Foundation of the Baekje Kingdom
37 B.C.
      
Foundation of the Goguryeo Kingdom
57 B.C.
      
Foundation of the Shilla Kingdom
57 B.C.
      
Gyeongju Became Capital of the Shilla Kingdom
Gyeongju remained the capital until the end of the Unified Shilla Dynasty, visiting it today is like walking through a "museum without walls"
108 B.C.
      
Han Chinese Commanderies in Korea
372
      
Buddhism Arrives in Goguryeo
It was introduced by monk Sundo from the Former Chin Dynasty in China.
372
      
Confucianism is First Introduced to Korea
The same year as Buddhism was introduced.
427
      
Pyeongyang Became Capital of Goguryeo
During the Three Kingdoms period Goguryeo was the largest, including most of present day North Korea and a swath of China.
551
      
Baekje and Shilla Ally Against Goguryeo
612
      
Chinese Invade Korea
The Sui invaded Korea as commanded by emperor Yang-ti.
612
      
General Eulchimundeok's Victory Agasint the Sui Invaders
He won at the Battle of Salsu (today this river is called Cheongcheon).
644
      
Chinese Invade Korea
Emperor Tai-qung invaded in 644 and 659
668
      
Unification of the Three Kingdoms As Unified Shilla
The Three Kingdoms were Baekje, Goguryeo and Shilla.
671
      
Start of the Shilla-Tang China War
918
      
Foundation of the Goryeo Dynasty
It was founded as one kingdom after Unified Shilla began to collapse, but then they managed to reunify the country and it became the next dynasty.
935
      
End of the Unified Shilla Dynasty
993
      
Khitan Invade Korea
1022
      
General Gang Gam-chan's Victory Against the Khitans
1104
      
Jurchen Invade Korea
1127
      
Yi Cha-gyeom Attempts a Coup
1135
      
Monk Myocheong's Revolt
1145
      
Samguk Sagi is Penned by Kim Bushik
Samguk Sagi translates, more or less, as the History of the Three Kingdoms.
1196
      
Beginning of Dictatorship of General Choe Chung-heon
And his descendants
1198
      
Manjeok's Slave Rebellion
1231
      
Mongols Invade Korea
1232
      
Koreans Fight off the Mongol Invasion of Ganghwa Island
1234
      
Invention of Metal Moveable Type
(long before Guttenberg)
1279
      
Samguk Yusa is Penned by Buddhist Monk Ilyeon
1392
      
Foundation of the Joseon Dynasty
1394
      
Seoul Became Capital of the Joseon Dynasty
1443
      
Hangeul is Invented
By King Sejong. It was promulgated in 1446 and is the most scientific alphabet in the world.
1592
      
The Hideyoshi Invasion Begins
It ended in 1598.
1609
      
The 1609 Korean-Japanese Trade Agreement
1627
      
Manchu Invade Korea
1784
      
Catholicism Reaches Korea
1860
      
Founding of the Donghak by Choi Je-u
The Donghak was "eastern learning", it was a native Korean philosophy/religion
1866
      
The French Invasion of Ganghwa Island
1866
      
The General Sherman Incident
1871
      
American Expedition to Ganghwa Island
1873
      
The "Conquer-Korea Debate" in High Japanese Council
1875
      
The Unyo Incident
Japanese provoked the incident for political reasons.
1881
      
Gentleman's Observation Mission to Tokyo
Korea had realized that Japan had become more advanced by adapting and accepting some aspects of non-Asian cultures.
1882
      
The Imo Soldiers' Riot
1882
      
The Korean-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce
1883
      
Special Korean Mission to the United States Begins
1884
      
The Gapshin Coup
1884
      
Protestantism Reaches Korea
1894
      
Kabo Reform Movement
1894
      
Occupation of the Korean Royal Palace by Japanese Soldiers
1894
      
Sino-Japanese War is Fought on Korean Soil
1895
      
Execution of Jeon Bong-jun
He was an influential leader of the Donghak peasant uprisings.
1895
      
The Tripartite Intervention
1896
      
King Gojong Hides in the Russian Legation
Hiding from the Japanese
1904
      
Russo-Japanese War is Fought in Large Part on Korean Soil
1912
      
Kim Seongju (Kim Ilsung) is Born
Kim Ilsung was the first of North Korea's two leaders so far.
1920
      
The Bunka Seiji Period of Japanese Occupation Begins
The Japanese tried to soften occupation by making some cultural concessions to the Koreans.
1920
      
Joseon Ilbo and Donga Ilbo Newspapers Open Their Offices
Both newspapers are still publishing today.
1925
      
Japanese Issue a New Peace Preservation Law
1926
      
The June 10th Incident, Where Rioters Supported Deposed King Sunjong
This incident mirrored a similar protest in support of his father, King Gojong.
1927
      
Activity of the Shinganhoe Begins
1932
      
Kim Ilsung Claims to Have Organized Anti-Japanese Guerilla Unit in Antu, Manchuria
1945
      
Decision to Divide Korea Along the 38th Parallel
1948
      
Birth of the Republic of Korea
From 1945-1948 everyone continued to stall hoping to re-unite the two halves of the peninsula.
1948
      
Kim Ilsung Becomes the Premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
1950
      
MacArthur's Amphibious Landing at Incheon
1955
      
Kim Ilsung Introduces the Juche Ideology
1994
      
Kim Ilsung Dies
2333 B.C.
      
Foundation of Go-Joseon by Dan-gun


Facts contributed by:


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