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122 facts:

795
      
The Vikings Began Raiding Ireland
They made great inroads into Ireland until being decisively driven out by Brian Boru in the 11th century.
841
      
The Vikings Founded Dublin
DubhLinn meaning Black [dubh] Pool [linn]
922
      
The Vikings Founded Limerick
976
      
Brian Boru Became King of Munster
1002
      
Brian Boru Became High King of Ireland
1014
      
The Battle of Clontarf Took Place
The Irish defeat the Vikings but Brian Boru is killed.
1155
      
Henry II Granted Dominion over Ireland
Ireland was made a feudal possession of Henry II of England by Pope Adrian IV, the only English Pope.
1166
      
King Dermait of Leinster Was Deposed
1166
      
Rory O'Connor Became High King of Ireland
1167
      
King Dermait of Leinster Returned to Ireland
While away he sought help from English barons. Richard de Clare (known as Strongbow) agreed to lead an army to restore Dermait to his throne on the understanding that he will marry Dermait's daughter and become King of Leinster when Dermait dies.
1171
      
Henry II Led an Army to Waterford
Alarmed at the prospect of Strongbow forming his own independent kingdom in Leinster the English king Henry II leads an army to Waterford. Strongbow submits to the king and is rewarded by being made Lord of Leinster.
1171
      
King Dermait of Leinster Died
1175
      
The Treaty of Windsor Was Signed
The treaty between King Henry II and Rory O'Connor the High King of Ireland granted Rory rule over all Ireland outside Leinster, Meath and Waterford. In return Rory submits to Henry as his overlord.
1177
      
Prince John Was Made Lord of Ireland
John was declared Lord of Ireland by his father Henry II
1185
      
Prince John Visited Ireland for the First Time
1210
      
King John Lead an Expedition to Ireland
Fearing the English lords in Ireland are getting out of hand King John lead an expedition to Ireland to force them to submit.
1315
      
Edward Bruce Invaded Ireland
The Scots under Robert the Bruce's brother invade Ireland to open up a second front in their war with the English.
1361
      
Edward III Sent an Expedition Ireland
Fearing that Ireland will be lost completely the English King Edward III sends an expedition under his son Lionel to subdue Ireland. However the expedition fails.
1366
      
The Statutes of Kilkenny Were Passed
This was an attempt to separate the Anglo-Irish and the Irish to prevent the Anglo-Irish losing their 'Englishness'. They were forbidden to intermarry. All Englishmen were commanded to speak English only and were forbidden to play Irish games. However the statutes had little effect.
1394
      
Richard II Lead an Army to Ireland
The Irish submit but rebel once he leaves
1399
      
Richard II Lead an Army to Ireland
Richard II returned to Ireland but this time without success
1495
      
Poyning's Law Was Passed
The law stated that the Irish parliament cannot meet without the English king's permission and can only pass laws approved by the king and his council
1536
      
Henry VIII Became Head of the Church of Ireland
The Irish parliament made Henry VIII head of the Church of Ireland. However the Reformation makes little progress in Ireland. The vast majority of the Irish remain Catholic.
1541
      
Henry VIII Becomes King of Ireland
Determined to assert his authority over Ireland, Henry VIII changes his title from Lord of Ireland. The Irish parliament assents.
1569
      
The First Desmond Rebellion Started
James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald, Earl of Desmond, led a rebellion from 1569 to 1573.
1579
      
The Second Desmond Rebellion Started
Following the death of James Fitzmaurive Fitzgerald, Gerald Fitzgerald, Earl of Desmond, led a rebellion which lasted until 1583.
1593
      
The Nine Years War Started
1603
      
The Nine Years War Ended
1607
      
The Flight of the Earls Took Place
Many prominent men leave Ireland. Afterwards their lands in Ulster are confiscated.
1608
      
Cahir O'Doherty Sacked Derry
The rebellion is crushed and yet more land is confiscated. The British government plans to settle large numbers of Scots and English on the confiscated lands to create a loyal population.
1610
      
The First Protestant Settlers Arrived
1613
      
The Town of Derry Was Created
It receives its charter this year.
1629
      
St. Oliver Plunkett Was Born
Oliver Plunkett was the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland. He continued to preach despite English persecution.
1632
      
Thomas Wentworth Was Made Lord Deputy of Ireland
Wentworth was also known as Black Tom Tyrant
1642
      
The Confederation of Kilkenny Was Formed
1649
      
Cromwell Captured Wexford
The capture resulted in another massacre.
1649
      
Cromwell Lead an Army to Ireland
He lays siege to Drogheda. When he captures the town townspeople are massacred and the town is plundered.
1650
      
Cromwell Left Ireland
His son-in-law Henry Ireton takes over.
1662
      
The Act of Settlement Was Passed
The act raises hopes that King Charles will return confiscated land in Ireland to the original owners. However, Charles shrinks from this policy fearing a Protestant backlash.
1665
      
The Act of Explanation Was Passed
The act forces most of the men granted land by Cromwell to hand over one third of it to compensate Catholics who did not participate in the 1641 rebellion but still had their land confiscated.
1681
      
St. Oliver Plunkett Was Executed
Plunkett was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn for High Treason for promoting the Catholic faith. He was canonised by Pope John Paul II in 1975.
1689
      
James II Landed in Kinsale
1689
      
The Siege of Derry Took Place
1690
      
The Battle of the Boyne Was Fought
James II is defeated.
1691
      
The Battle of Aughrim Was Fought
The army of James II is defeated.
1691
      
The Siege of Limerick Took Place
The last part of Ireland to hold out for James II
1697
      
The Bishop's Banishment Act Was Passed
The act orders most of the Catholic clergy to leave Ireland. In fact many do not and in the 18th century Roman Catholicism is grudgingly tolerated.
1711
      
The Linen Board Was Formed in Dublin
During the 18th century there is a huge growth of the linen industry in Northern Ireland.
1727
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1740
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
The famine lasted two years. About 400,000 people died.
1741
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
The famine lasted two years. About 400,000 people died.
1759
      
Guinness Was Brewed for the First Time
1778
      
The Catholic Relief Act Was Passed
The act allows Catholics to lease land for 999 years. They are also allowed to leave their land to a single heir.
1782
      
Poyning's Law Was Repealed
1783
      
The Bank of Ireland Opened
1791
      
The Society of United Irishmen Was Formed
1795
      
The Battle of the Diamond Was Fought
The battle took place between 2 secret societies, the Catholic Defenders and the Protestant Peep O'Day boys. The Defenders are severely defeated.
1798
      
The Society of United Irishmen Rebelled
The rebellion is crushed at the battle of Vinegar Hill in June. Wolfe Tone commits suicide after being captured.
1800
      
The Act of Union Was Passed
The act joins England and Ireland (the act comes into effect in 1801)
1807
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1817
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1817
      
Ireland Was Struck by Typhus
1821
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1822
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1823
      
The Catholic Association Was Founded
By Daniel O'Connell
1829
      
The Catholic Emancipation Act Was Passed
The act allows Catholics to enter parliament and to hold public office
1831
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1832
      
Ireland Suffered a Cholera Epidemic
1832
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1833
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1834
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1836
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1840
      
Young Ireland Was Founded
1843
      
Ireland's First Railway Was Opened
From Dublin to Kingstown
1845
      
Ireland Was Struck by Famine
1845-1849 Also known as the Great Potato Famine.
1845
      
The Potato Blight Started
Perhaps 1 million people die. Many more emigrate. The population of Ireland falls dramatically. The famine is at its worst in the West and Southwest of Ireland.
1848
      
Ireland Suffered a Cholera Epidemic
1848
      
The Treason-Felony Act Was Passed
1849
      
Ireland Suffered a Cholera Epidemic
1849
      
The Potato Blight Ended
1850
      
Ireland Suffered a Cholera Epidemic
1850
      
The Irish Franchise Act Was Passed
The act greatly increases the number of people allowed to vote
1854
      
The Catholic University of Ireland Opened
1854
      
Oscar Wilde Was Born
1858
      
The Irish Republican Brotherhood Was Formed
1867
      
The Fenian Rising Took Place
The rising was a rebellion against British rule, lead by the Irish Republican Brotherhood (Fenians)
1869
      
The Church of Ireland Was Disestablished
1870
      
The Home Government Association Ws Formed
1873
      
The Home Government Association Was Replaced by the Home Rule League
1879
      
The Irish National Land League Was Formed
It demands the 'Three F's', fair rent, fixity of tenure and free sale of land.
1880
      
"Boycott" Entered the Language
Charles Stewart Parnell, leader of the Land League, declares that anyone who takes over the land of an evicted tennant is to be ostracised. The first recipient of this treatment is a Captain Boycott.
1881
      
Charles Parnell Was Imprisoned
Parnell was imprisoned for treason for calling for boycotts as a means of influencing landlords. Whilst in Kilmainham prison he urged Irish peasants to stop paying rent.
1882
      
James Joyce Was Born
1890
      
Charles Parnell Was Named in a Divorce Case
Parnell was co-respondant in the divorce case of Kitty O'Shea. This scandal rocked the Land League but Parnell refused to resign or be removed. The party split in two as a result.
1890
      
Michael Collins Was Born
1893
      
The Gaelic League Was Founded
1900
      
Oscar Wilde Died
1905
      
Sinn Fein Was Founded
1909
      
The Irish Transport and General Workers Union Was Founded
1913
      
The Ulster Volunteer Force Was Founded
1916
      
The Easter Rising Took Place
'A terrible beauty is born...' from 'Easter 1916' by W.B Yeats
1919
      
The Irish Volunteers Were Renamed the Irish Republican Army
1919
      
The War of Independence Started
The IRA fights a guerrilla war against the British.
1920
      
The 'Black and Tans' Were Formed
The Royal Irish Constabulary Reserve Force (Black and Tans) were formed to reinforce the Royal Irish Constabulary and gained notoriety for violent tactics.
1920
      
Ireland Was Partitioned
The Government of Ireland Act forms 2 parliaments in Ireland. One in the North and one in the South. Both are to have their own prime minister. However both are to be subordinate to the British parliament.
1921
      
The Northern Parliament First Met
Sinn Fein win almost all the seats for the Southern parliament but they refuse to take their seats. Instead they carry on meeting in the Dail Eireann.
1922
      
The Garda Siochana Was Formed
1922
      
Michael Collins Was Killed
1926
      
Fianna Fail Was Founded
1936
      
Aer Lingus Was Founded
1941
      
James Joyce Died
1949
      
The Republic of Ireland Act Was Passed
The act makes Eire a republic
1955
      
Ireland Joined the United Nations
1961
      
RTE Began Broadcasting
1969
      
'The Troubles' Began
'The Troubles' refers to paramilitary violence in Northern Ireland
1972
      
'Bloody Sunday' Took Place
Fourteen people in Derry were killed when the British 1st Parachute Regiment fired on demonstrators. The Paras claim to have been fired upon first but no evidence has been found to support this claim.
1972
      
Gaelic Radio Began
1973
      
Ireland Joined the EEC
The European Economic Community was a forerunner of the European Union
1994
      
A Cease Fire is Agreed Northern Ireland
1998
      
The Good Friday Agreement Was Signed
2005
      
Cork Was Made European Capital of Culture.
2005
      
The EU Recognised Irish As a Working Language


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