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(1879-1956), USA. most notably efficient low maintenance high volume pumps, including the Wood Screw Pump (1913) and the Wood Trash Pump (1915).
(1814-1894), Belgium. the saxophone was exhibited, demonstrated and played on several occasions during the year 1844 and it is thought that Sax invented his instrument at a somewhat earlier date.
(1971-), USA. AUTOnomy is the “Reinvention of the Automobile” and is the first vehicle to be designed from the ground up around a electric propulsion system combining drive-by-wire control technology and electric wheel hub motors. Adrian Chernoff has generated over 2,500 ideas, been issued 57 U.S. patents and 10 International Patents as inventor or co-inventor, and has an additional 55 pending U.S. and International patent applications.
Rubber Bandits are rubber bands with tear resistant attached labels.
A continuous still originally introduced in 1830 and patented in Dublin, Ireland in 1831.
1784; Geneve, Switzerland. Argand's design featured the incorporation of hollow cylinder within the circular wick, which allowed air to flow both inside and outside the flame at the upper edge of the fuel-soaked wick. Argand successfully obtained a patent for this lamp while living in England in 1784, and lamps built to his patent were quickly accepted throughout Europe, becoming the most common illumination in both public buildings and private homes.
(1873-1932), Brazil. In November 1906, he flew 725 feet (220 meters) in 21 seconds. In 1909, he produced his "Demoiselle" or "Grasshopper" monoplane, the precursor to the modern light plane.
1984; Oxford, United Kingdom. It was 9am, Monday September 15, 1984, when Sir Alec removed some X-ray film from the developing tank. he said. We had been looking for good genetic markers for basic genetic analysis and had stumbled on a way of establishing a human's genetic identification. By the afternoon we had named our discovery DNA fingerprinting."
By 1800 he had developed the so-called voltaic pile, a forerunner of the electric battery, which produced a steady stream of electricity. In honor of his work in the field of electricity, the electrical unit known as the volt was named in his honor.
1842; Scotland. The patent for the fax machine was granted on 27 May 1843, 33 years before the patent was given for the telephone.
In 1881 he hastily constructed an electromagnetic device called an induction balance to try and locate a bullet lodged in President Garfield after an assassin had shot him. He later improved this and produced a device called a telephone probe, which would make a telephone receiver click when it touched metal.
(1831-1890), England. John Wesley Hyatt, an American chemist, would rediscover celluloid and market it successfullyas a replacement for ivory in the 1860s. Parkes died in London on June 29, 1890.
(d. 796/806), Iraq (Mesopotamia). Abu abdallah Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Fazari was a Muslim philosopher, mathematician and astronomer.
Nobel endowed a $9 million fund in his will. The interest on this endowment was to be used as awards for people whose work most benefited humanity. He wanted the profit from his invention to be used to reward human ingenuity. First awarded in 1901, the Nobel Prize is still the most honored in the world.
(Ibn al-Haytham), (965-1039), Iraq (Mesopotamia)
And also , connecting rod, crank mechanism, combination lock, elephant clock, programmable humanoid robots, robotics, reciprocating piston engine, suction pump, segmental gear, valve, etc. (1136-1206), Iraq (Mesopotamia)
(1839-1902), USA. In 1896 the first system, this time using a dial, was built by the Automatic Electric Company of Chicago, based on Strowger’s patents. It went into operation at the City Hall in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
(865-965), Persia distillation and extraction methods Sulphuric Acid Alcohol
1930-2006, American, was a leading computer engineer
1912-1954, English, was also a mathematician, philosopher and code-breaker
1909; Chicago, Illinois; United States. The Thor was the first electric-powered washing machine. Introduced in 1908 by the Hurley Machine Company of Chicago, Illinois.
(9th century), Iraq (Mesopotamia). This early syringe was a hollow glass tube that used suction to remove cataracts from his patients’ eyes.
Late 1960s. He reached an agreement with Sony in 2003, and was given a large cash settlement.
1990; Sandwich, Kent, United Kingdom
Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U.S. patent for the invention of the telephone in 1876, but Italian Antonio Meucci was recognized by US Congress in 2002 as the true inventor.
(1900-2004), USA. A forerunner of modern electrochemical instrumentation, the scientific instrument simplified and expedited acidity and alkalinity measurements. It quickly became an indispensable tool in analytical chemistry and, in l987, earned him a place in the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
Early 1970s. Spencer Silver invented the adhesive while working for 3M. Art Fry applied it to paper to fashion a more secure bookmark. 3M stuck on the name.
(1862-1945), England. December 21, 1913 was the date and it appeared in a Sunday newspaper, the New York World. Wynne's puzzle differed from today's crosswords in that it was diamond shaped and contained no internal black squares.
(1919–) Germany. He currently holds 1080 patents and 5867 trade rights and invented fischertechnik. He would still like to overtake Thomas Alva Edison, who holds 1093 patents.
(1788-1872), Germany. first produced in 1840, allowed divers to dive safely to greater depths than ever before. Attached to a rubber suit, it became the 'Standard Dress' that revolutionised diving and made the underwater worker an essential part of both salvage operations and civil engineering.
(1859-1942), Slovakia. Aurel Stodola's Steam and Gas Turbines, published in English in 1927 and reprinted many times up to 1945 was a basic reference for engineers working on the first generation of jet propulsion engines in the United States.
(1887-1979), England. Barnes also designed other bombs such as the Tallboy and also aircraft in common use during the War, such as the Wellington Bomber.
(1655-1731), Italy. Cristofori had been appointed in 1688 to the Florentine court of Grand Prince Ferdinando de' Medici to care for its harpsichords and eventually for its entire collection of musical instruments.
(1877-1967), Hungary. gained international renown for the Schick Test. This test determined susceptibility to diphtheria, and eventually led to the eradication of the childhood disease that attacked 100,000 Americans in 1927, leading to about 10,000 deaths.
1784; Philadelphia, PA; United States. Ben had poor vision and needed glasses to read. He got tired of constantly taking them off and putting them back on, so he decided to figure out a way to make his glasses let him see both near and far. He had two pairs of spectacles cut in half and put half of each lens in a single frame.
(1706-1790), USA. His invention of an iron furnace stove allowed people to warm their homes less dangerously and with less wood.
(1900-1990), Netherlands. In 1926 he invented the penthode, which was patented in a number of countries. It was the first in a series of about 57 patents, which he received either alone or in cooperation with others.
(1924-1980), USA. It was originally called "mistake out", the invention of Bette Nesmith Graham, a Dallas secretary and a single mother raising a son* on her own. Graham used her own kitchen blender to mix up her first batch of liquid paper or white out, a substance used to cover up mistakes made on paper.
God bless this woman. The prolific inventor received 49 patents, although she has been credited with as many as 110 inventions over the course of her lifetime.
(50 AD - 121), China. he was responsible for the first significant improvement and standardization of papermaking by adding essential new materials into its composition
The summer of 1898, as usual, was hot and humid in New Bern, North Carolina. So a young pharmacist named Caleb Bradham began experimenting with combinations of spices, juices, and syrups trying to create a refreshing new drink to serve his customers. This drink was known as Pepsi Cola!
1951; Birmingham, Michigan; United States and México City, México
(1864-1943), Sweden. He was granted his first Swedish patent on 2 May 1901, Swedish patent No. 17017 called "Gauge Block Sets for Precision Measurement".
(1854-1931), British. at Heaton near Newcastle he founded the firm C A Parsons & Co for the development of steam turbines for use on land and in 1894 the Marine Steam Turbine Company at Wallsend-on-Tyne.
(1791-1871), UK. 1833: began work on the Analytical Engine; 1834: founded the Statistical Society of London; 1864: published Passages from the Life of a Philosopher; 1871: Died.
1935; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; United States
In the San Francisco chronicle on April 15th 1887 reporting that a group of saloon and restaurant owners had gathered to watch Fey demonstrate his new Liberty Bell slot machine. The owners were impressed and everyone present predicted the machine would be a success. One hundred years later, that prediction can be considered somewhat of an understatement.
(1876-1958), USA. Electric auto ignition and self-starter for automobiles first appeared on the 1912 Cadillac. Within a few years, Delco produced a complete starting, ignition and lighting system that is credited with the phenomenal rise of the automobile industry.
1853; France. In 1853, French physician Charles Pravaz developed the first practical metal syringe. Pravaz added a fine, hollow needle to the end of his syringe instead of the tube.
(1800-1860), USA. Rubber products melted in hot weather, froze and cracked in cold, and adhered to virtually everything until the day in the mid-19th century when inventor Charles Goodyear accidentally dropped some rubber mixed with sulfur on a hot stove.
(1766-1843), Scotland. Although Macintosh is best known for his eponymously-titled coats, he was a brilliant chemist with achievements in many different fields. He invented a revolutionary bleaching powder (along with Charles Tennant), devised a way of using carbon gases to convert malleable iron to steel by a short-cut method, and worked out a hot-blast process with James Neilson to produce high quality cast iron.
(1948-), Hungary. Simonyi remained at Microsoft during its meteoric rise in the software industry, becoming one of its highest-ranking developers. He left abruptly in 2002 to co-found, with business partner Gregor Kiczales, a company called Intentional Software
Charles Strite invented the modern timer, pop-up toaster in 1919.
1938; Jackson Heights, New York; United States. Carlson studied law at night school and ensured a somewhat steady job at Mallory in their patents department as a patents 'lawyer'. He worked at his invention from the kitchen of his house and arrived at something he termed 'electrophotography'. His first patent was applied for in October 1937.
(1858-1937), USA. He invented earmuffs at the age of 15 (1873). He made a fortune supplying Ear Protectors to U.S. soldiers during World War I.
At the time, Chris Haney worked as a photo editor at the Montreal Gazette, and Scott Abbott was a sports journalist for The Canadian Press. The two friends came up with the basic concept of Trivial Pursuit within a few short hours. The pair were playing a game of Scrabble when they decided to invent their own game. However, it was not until 1981 that the board game was commercially released.
1656; Netherlands. In fact his invention on Christmas 1656, the pendulum clock (patented 1657), was a breakthrough in timekeeping. Devices known as escapements regulate the rate of a watch or clock, and the anchor escapement represented a major step in the development of accurate watches.
(1878-1936), German. "The easy is the most difficult" is a famous word of Schnabel and it also became the principle of his life: Schnabel mostly experimented on everyday objects trying to improve them.
The theory behind one of the most successful inventions of the 20th century, the Hovercraft, was originally tested in 1955 using an empty KiteKat cat food tin inside a coffee tin, an industrial air blower and a pair of kitchen scales.
1868; United States. In 1864, he and a friend, Samuel W. Soule', were granted a patent for a page numbering machine. A fellow inventor-mechanic, Carlos Glidden, suggested to Sholes that he might rework his device into a letter printing machine and referred him to a published account of a writing machine devised by John Pratt of London. Sholes was so intrigued by the idea that he spent the remainder of his life on the project.
1927; Gloucester, Massachusetts; United States
1916; Memphis, Tennessee; United States. Piggly Wiggly was the first great grocery store chain. It was started around 1915 by a Memphis man named Clarence Saunders, who built the chain from one to over a thousand locations in less than five years.
Australian Professor. CPAP stands for Continous Positive Airway Pressure. Now listed on the Australian and NY Stock Exchange as ResMed.
Working through a 1965 Corvair, he designed a system of putting a sensor into the cylinder to optimize the fuel-air mixture during combustion. He claims that the hybrid autos which are on the market today use technology from his patents.
(1550-1607), The Netherlands. His wind-powered sawmill used a crankshaft to convert a windmill's circular motion into a back-and-forward motion powering the saw. This allowed wood to be cut at high precision and at a much faster rate (30 times faster) than could be achieved manually.
Drebbel started making his submarine, which was probably based on a rowing boat with raised and meeting sides, covered in greased leather, with a watertight hatch in the middle, a rudder and four oars. Under the rowers' seats were large pigskin bladders, connected by pipes to the outside. Rope was used to tie off the empty bladders; in order to dive, the rope was untied and the bladders filled. To surface the crew squashed the bladders flat, squeezing out the water.
(1845-1913), Canada. DD performed the initial chiropractic adjustment in September 1895 and later in The Chiropractor's Adjustment.
Until the 1970s the Fahrenheit scale was in general common use in the English-speaking countries; the Celsius, or centigrade, scale was employed in most other countries and for scientific purposes worldwide. Since that time, however, most English-speaking countries have officially adopted the Celsius scale. The conversion formula for a temperature that is expressed on the Celsius representation is: F = (9/5 C) + 32.
In its early years, Formica manufactured insulation along with other products such as phenolic composite gears, developing its classic range of surfacing laminates from the late 1920s. During World War II it manufactured plastic-impregnated wooden airplane propellers. Post-war, engineering uses declined, ceasing in 1970 in favour of decorative laminates.
He had constructed the first dirigible airship in 1896, which was tested with partial success at Tempelhof near Berlin, Germany, on November 3, 1897.
Horton Automatics developed and sold the first automatic sliding door in America in 1960. The company co-founders Dee Horton and Lew Hewitt invented the sliding automatic door in 1954. Their automatic doors used a mat actuator.
(1951-), USA. As an inventor, Dean holds more than 440 U.S. and foreign patents, many of them for innovative medical devices that have expanded the frontiers of health care worldwide.
The first version of a pressure cooker was created in 1680 by Denis Papin. He made a large cast iron vessel with a lid that locked. His version raised cooking temperatures by 15% over boiling, and accordingly reduced cooking time. However, regulating the steam and temperature was difficult, and explosions were common.
Holography was invented in 1947 by Hungarian physicist Dennis Gabor (1900–1979), work for which he received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1971.
1907, formulated the periodic table, one of the most useful and important generalizations of chemistry and of all science.
It was invented by Hungarian scientists Donát Bánki and János Csonka in 1893.
Don Wetzel was the co-patentee and chief conceptualist of an automated teller machine, an idea he said he thought of while waiting in line at a Dallas bank. The concept first began in 1968, a working prototype came about in 1969 and Docutel was issued a patent in 1973
As far back as the 1960s he was touting the use of computers for online conferencing and collaboration. Engelbart's most famous invention is the computer mouse, also developed in the 1960s, but not used commercially until the 1980s.
Earl Bascom is known in rodeo history as the inventor, designer and maker of the first hornless bronc saddle (1922) and the first one-hand bareback rigging (1924), both of which are now used world-wide at all professional rodeos.
In 1924, Earl Bascom invented and manufactured the rodeo's first one-hand bareback rigging, which is still in use at rodeos around the world.
1892-1961, American, he was a employee of Johnson & Johnson
They were named for the very same person for whom the sandwich that we eat was named, John Montagu (1718-1792), the Fourth Earl of Sandwich.
Tupper founded the Tupperware Plastics Company in 1938, and in 1946, he introduced Tupper Plastics to hardware and department stores.
In 1830 he invented the lawn mower. He got the idea after seeing a machine in a local cloth mill which used a cutting cylinder (or bladed reel) mounted on a bench to trim cloth to make a smooth finish after weaving.
Edwin H. Armstrong was responsible for the Regenerative Circuit (1912), the Superheterodyne Circuit (1918), the Superregenerative Circuit (1922) and the complete FM System (1933). His inventions and developments form the backbone of radio communications as we know it.
This burglar alarm was a very simple machine; a spring was released upon the opening of a window or door, which would then close an electrical circuit.
In the late 1940s it introduced the first model of its most successful product, the self-developing Polaroid Land camera.
In April 1915, McCoy received a patent for what he called a "Locomotive Lubricator." Within his patent application, he claimed that this invention would permit the use of graphite "without danger of clogging."
Otis designed the first safe elevator when he needed to lift heavy building materials, while converting a sawmill into a factory in Yonkers, New York.
After perfecting his machine he filed an application for a patent on June 20, 1793; in February 1794 he deposited a model at the Patent Office, and on March 14 he received his patent.
He patented more than 400 inventions in his lifetime. He was also a pioneer in the manufacture of electric mining machinery, electric streetcars, and electric motors. In 1915 Sperry produced a high-intensity arc searchlight, which was widely used by armed forces during World War I (1914-1918).
He pursued invention primarily to study the processes of the mind while it engaged in its best work. Through years of recorded observations, he discovered psychotaxis, the integrated hierarchy of sensory discriminations required to create a valid and complete mental representation of a given part of the physical world.
Early attempts to design a consumer sound or music playing gadget began in 1877 when Thomas Edison invented his tin-foil phonograph. On November 8 1887, Emile Berliner, patented a successful system of sound recording Berliner was the first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on flat disks or records
Upon the discovery of fission, by Hahn and Strassmann early in 1939, he immediately saw the possibility of emission of secondary neutrons and of a chain reaction. He proceeded to work with tremendous enthusiasm, and directed a classical series of experiments which ultimately led to the atomic pile and the first controlled nuclear chain reaction. This took place in Chicago on December 2, 1942 - on a squash court situated beneath Chicago's stadium.
On November 23, 1927, Erik Rotheim (also spelled Eric Rotheim) patented the first aerosol can and valve that could hold and dispense products and propellant systems. This was the forerunner of the modern aerosol can and valve. In 1998, the Norwegian post office issued a stamp celebrating the Norwegian invention of the spray can.
Rubik applied for his Hungarian patent in January 1975 and left his invention with a small toy making cooperative in Budapest. The patent approval finally came in early 1977 and the first Cubes appeared at the end of 1977.
The principles of Erna Schneider Hoover's design are still used today, she was awarded one of the first software patents ever issued (Patent #3,623,007, Nov. 23, 1971). Bell Labs made her their first female supervisor of a technical department.
With the idea that electrons having shorter wavelengths than light could give better microscopic resolution than optical microscopes, in 1931 Ruska created the first electron lens under the tutelage of Dr. Max Knoll at the Technical University in Berlin. In 1933 he refined this development into the electron microscope, with performance a full order of magnitude better than the best optics.
Polyvinyl chloride or PVC was first created by the German chemist Eugen Baumann in 1872. Eugen Baumann never applied for a patent.
The romanian "Hyper - CD-Rom", created by dr. Eugen Pavel, brought him 4 more patents for invention and the technology of making a special glass(fluorescent and photosensitive) on which the 3 D memorization can be realised, glass of which the Hyper - CD - Rom is made; for the new system of writing- reading adapted at the existing instalations; for the technology on memorizing the information on the disk, with the help of the laser; for the technology of multiplication of the Hyper - CD- Rom.
Evangelista Torricelli became the first scientist to create a sustained vacuum and to discover the principle of a barometer. Torricelli realized that the variation of the height of the mercury from day to day was caused by changes in the atmospheric pressure. Torricelli built the first mercury barometer around 1644.
The first (patented in 1858), devised by Ezra Warner of Waterbury, Connecticut, looked like a bent bayonet. Its large curved blade was driven into a can’s rim, then forcibly worked around its edge. Stranger yet, this first type of can opener never left the grocery store. A clerk had to open each can before it was taken away!
Within a two-week period in August of 1897, Felix Hoffmann synthesized aspirin, one of the most widely beneficial drugs ever, and heroin, one of the most harmful of illegal substances.
After much experimentation, he completed the design of a rotary-piston engine. The year after, he successfully produced a model with a curved equilateral triangular rotor in a figure-of-eight-shaped chamber. By 1957, the first unit was tested.
1838-1917, German, July 2, 1900 first zeppelin flies, carrying 5 passengers a distance of 3.75 miles
The 'coxcomb' chart - similar to today's pie chart - was invented by Nightingale to highlight to members of Parliament the proportion of men dying in battle versus those dying of curable illness during the Crimean War.
It was first used officially by Robert Fitzroy in 1831 and adopted by the British Admiralty in 1838. When sail gave way to steam the scale was modified by defining levels on it in terms of the state of the sea or, following George Simpson, wind speed.
His invention of electrical switches for electrical hot plates was a hit immediately, and after the Second World War demand was so great he was forced to sell the license.
He wanted to invent something which would be useful to boys in making their minds grow. Then when they became men, they could make use of the knowledge they had gained by using his invention when they were boys.
In 1949 Frank got the first self-propelled, single operator resurfacing ice machine working. He was granted a strong pantent diesign on the world first invention.
1950: With his attorney, Ralph Schneider, Frank McNamara creates Diners Club. The first charge card is offered to 200 people, most of whom are personal friends and acquaintances. Fourteen New York restaurants agree to accept the card.
Frank Whittle is known as the inventor of the jet engine. He had the idea of using a gas turbine for jet propulsion, and applied for his first patent on the idea in January 1930
The paraffin, (kerosene), pressure stove first apeared in 1892 when a Swede, Frans Wilhelm Lindqvist, registered his 'Sootless Kerosene Stove'. The design burned Paraffin gas which was vaporised from the liquid fuel in tubes forming the burner head.
Frederick Grant Banting developed insulin in 1921 and after two additional years of development and study he produced the first synthetic insulin.
In 1860, rubber manufacturer Fredrick Walton invented linoleum, the floor and wall covering often used in Victorian homes.
The synthesis of vinyl acetate monomer was patented in Germany by Dr Fritz Klatte in 1913
Magnetic tape was first patented by the German engineer Fritz Pfleumer in 1928, based on the invention of the magnetic wire by Valdemar Poulsen in 1898.
On July 25, 1916, Garrett Morgan made national news for using his gas mask to rescue 32 men trapped during an explosion in an underground tunnel 250 feet beneath Lake Erie.
Garrett Morgan took his turn at inventing a traffic signal. Other inventors had experimented with, marketed, and even patented traffic signals, however, Garrett Morgan was one of the first to apply for and acquire a U.S. patent for an inexpensive to produce traffic signal. The patent was granted on November 20, 1923.
In 1884, Eastman patented a paper-backed film. Soonafter, he developed roll holders for the new film. Later, he developed a camera that was sold already loaded, allowing novices to take pictures. He called his camera Kodak, which had one hundred exposures and sold for twenty-five dollars.
In 1887, George Hancock, a reporter for Chicago Board of Trade, invented softball. He invented the game as a form of indoor baseball on a cold winter day inside the warm Farragut Boat Club.
Pullman's railroad coach or sleeper was designed for overnight passenger travel. Sleeping cars were being used on American railroads since the 1830s, however, they were not that comfortable and the Pullman Sleeper was very comfortable.
The French engineer, chemist, and inventor Georges Claude (b. Sept. 24, 1870, d. May 23, 1960), was the first person to apply an electrical discharge to a sealed tube of neon gas (circa 1902) to create a lamp. Georges Claude displayed the first neon lamp to the public on December 11, 1910, in Paris.
By 1814 he had constructed a locomotive that could pull thirty tons up a hill at 4 mph. Stephenson called his locomotive, the Blutcher. The Blutcher was the first successful flanged-wheel adhesion locomotive.
The hydroelectric development of Niagara Falls by George Westinghouse in 1896 inaugurated the practice of placing generating stations far from consumption centers.
George William Manby (1765-1854) invented the first fire extinguisher in 1813. Manby, who had been a member of the British militia, had observed the inability of firemen in Edinburgh to reach the upper floors of burning buildings and was inspired to create a means of remedying that difficulty.
Gerhard Sessler and James West invented the foil electret microphone while working at Bell Laboratories. This device, which was finalized in 1962, combines high performance features, such as broad frequency range, low noise, and high sensitivity with low cost. Its commercial production began in 1968. Today, almost one billion electret microphones are manufactured annually
1880-1954, Swedish, invented in 1913 and patented as the "Hookless Fastener"
Gould abandoned his doctorate in order to get his invention into production quickly. He spent 1958 refining and improving his model, but did not file for a patent until 1959, believing that he had to build a prototype before filing. Unfortunately, this resulted in a 20-year legal battle, which Gould finally won in 1977, when the first of his laser patents was issued.
The company officially launched the “LEGO System of Play” in 1955, which comprised 28 different sets and eight toy vehicles. LEGO patented the bricks’ “stud-and-tube coupling system” in 1958. That year, founder Christiansen died. His son Godtfred immediately took the LEGO helm
In 1885 he is credited with building the first motorcycle.
Australian Professor. Bionic ear for profoundly deaf people. Rod Saunders was the first Cochlear implant recipient in 1978.
He designed in 1911 the first cross-country tank with swivelling turret. The draft design, which was more modern than the tanks of the First World War
In 1907 he invented the ingenious sun valve which automatically switches on lighthouse beacons when darkness falls and switches them off at dawn.
In 1844, Professor Gustaf Erik Pasch received a patent for invention of the safety match. Pasch replaced poisonous yellow phosphorus with non-poisonous red phosphorus.
His last invention of great importance was the pressure-compensating device. The first turbine possessing its own independent combustion chamber.
(1777–1851), Denmark One of the most distinguished scientific discoverers and physicists of his time.
While others later claimed to have invented the device, it was Lippershey who applied to the government of the Netherlands for a patent in 1608.
USA 1888. Mr. Harold Brown made the first model. When Kemmler was executed no one was sure how much power was used. Kemmler was burned and the autopsy described his flesh as well cooked beef.
1915; Yorkshire, United Kingdom
(1913-2000), Austria and USA. She and her co-inventor, George Antheil, later went on to invent the torpedo guidance system that was two decades before its time.
(1853-1926), Netherlands. His efforts to reach extremely low temperatures culminated in the liquefaction of helium in 1908. Bringing the temperature of the helium down to 0,9°K, he reached the nearest approach to absolute zero then achieved, thus justifying the saying that the coldest spot on earth was situated at Leyden.
(1857-1894), Germany. From 1885 to 1889 Hertz became the first person to broadcast and receive radio waves, and to establish the fact that light was a form of electromagnetic radiation.
(1842-1880), Sweden. In 1873 Palmcrantz patented the multi-barrel, lever-actuated, machine gun that later would be known as the Nordenfelt machine-gun.
(1886-1972), Romania. In 1910 the Coanda was built, a revolutionary aircraft in many ways. First and foremost, it is now being recognized as the first jet engine aircraft, making its first and only flight on 16 December, 1910.
(1825-1882), France. Giffard created the world's first passenger-carrying powered and steerable airship, called a dirigible. The hydrogen-filled airship was equipped with a 3-hp steam engine that drove a propeller. He also installed a vertical rudder.
He invented the 'slide rest' which let the tool rest slide the length of a lathe and be accurately set simply by using a handle. Later he devised a method of moving the rest by turning a handle.
In 1892, he took his idea of a product made of boiled wheat to his friend, William H. Ford, in Watertown, NY - a machinist by trade. Here they developed the machine for making a “biscuit,” which they then baked - creating a palatable dry cereal which would keep.
Henry Shrapnel invented his shrapnel shell for cannons in 1784, which was later adopted by the British army in 1803 for cannons and rifles.
On June 6, 1882, Henry W. Seely of NYC patented the electric iron, at the time it was called the electric flatiron.
Heron of Alexandria invented a steam powered rotating ball in Circa 100 AD. This is the first recorded steam power.
This groundbreaking invention combined a simple structure with high performance. Most ultra short or extremely short wave receiving antennas, such as TV antennas, use this structure.
In 1869 Emperor Louis Napoleon III of France offered a prize to anyone who could make a satisfactory substitute for butter, suitable for use by the lower classes. French chemist Hippolyte Mge-Mouri's invented a substance he called oleomargarine, the name of which became shortened to the trade name "Margarine".
In 1964, Holger Crafoord founded Gambro AB in Lund, Sweden, where the technique of manufacturing the artificial kidney was developed.
The diamonds that come out of the presses are not gem-quality, but are used for industrial purposes. The prices of drills, diamond dust, grinders, and other things requiring the hardness of diamonds have all dropped substantially because of this invention.
On May 15 1967 in Marina del Rey, California, Jim took the first step on the first windsurfer that he designed and built in his Santa Monica garage. Hoyle co-developed the sailboard with James Drake in 1967. He is known as the man who brought windsurfing to the masses.
Booth conceived the principle of his vacuum cleaner after witnessing the cleaning of a railway carriage by means of compressed air which simply blew a great cloud of dust around.
Captivated by the drawings of Leonardo da Vinci and the stories of Jules Verne, Igor Sikorsky built a rubber-band powered model helicopter when he was 12. From there he developed the helicopter.
Remsen's great discovery was the accidental discovery of saccharin, along with his German student, Constantin Fahlberg, while they were investigating the reactions of a class of coal tar derivatives ( toluene sulfamides ).
Well... maybe. Wikipedia says 'A widespread story attributes the invention of the cat flap to Sir Isaac Newton in the seventeenth century, although no sources are usually provided for this claim'.
Upright film editing machine. (1924), USA
Electrical engineer. Nobel, Draper, and Kyoto Prize winner
From Jack Kilby's first simple circuit has grown a worldwide integrated circuit market whose sales in 2006 totaled $210 billion.
Schick was devoted to his dry shaver concept. In 1927, his electric was perfected to the point of being a marketable product.
In 1943, with the help of engineer Emile Gagnan, he designed an underwater breathing apparatus based on compressed air contained inside a cylinder. The invention of the "Aqua-Lung " (SCUBA) made the two men very rich.
Brandenberger was seated at a restaurant when a customer spilt wine onto the tablecloth. As the waiter replaced the cloth, Brandenberger decided that he would invent a clear flexible film that could be applyed to cloth, making it waterproof. By 1908, he developed the first machine for the manufacture of transparent sheets of regenerated cellulose.
The first Patent for a domestic and outdoor sport artificial grass was registered in the US at the United States Patent Office on July 25 1976, Patent no. 3332828 this was registered by James M Faria and Robert T Wright for the Monsanto Company Inc. for a monofilament ribbon surface that would later become 'Astro Turf'.
The original machine was produced some time between 1764 and 1767. Hargreaves may have been a talented inventor, but he was not a shrewd businessman. He didn't apply for a patent for his Spinning Jenny until 1770, by which time many others had copied his ideas, reaping the rewards that were rightly his.
London was the first city in the world to have an underground railway system. Greathead’s statue stands at the top of Cornhill, and was put up in 1994.
In 1840 James Nasmyth secured the patent for his design and went into production for his own hammers in Edinburgh.
James Puckle a London Lawyer was granted the patent in 1718 for a Portable Gun.
On January 30, 1883, James Ritty invented what was nicknamed the "Incorruptible Cashier" or the first working, mechanical cash register.
It was discovered by accident in 1965 when James Schlatter, a chemist of G.D. Searle Company, was testing an anti-ulcer drug.
1943; New Haven, Connecticut, United States
One of these engines powered a road vehicle in 1863; another ran a boat. Because of improved designs by Nikolaus Otto and other inventors, the Lenoir engine became obsolete and only about 500 Lenoir engines were built.
In January 1851 he succeeded in constructing such a pendulum in the basement of his house. It did indeed retain its position in space, demonstrating clearly for the first time that the Earth rotates.
On March 15 1892, Jesse Reno patented his moving stairs or inclined elevator as he called it. In 1895, Jesse Reno created a new novelty ride at Coney Island from his patented design, a moving stairway that elevated passengers on a conveyor belt at a 25 degree angle
He solved the problem of "phossy jaw".
Was granted the first U.S. Patent for mechanical refrigeration in 1851.
1923; Isle of Man and New Brighton; United Kingdom
1952; Newport, Pennsylvania; United States
An external pacemaker - it was too large to fit inside a human.
1806-1869, German, in 1845-46, he built the first suspension bridge to carry a highway across the Monongahela River.
(1903-1995), United States
1783; Annoday, Ardéche; France
(forerunner of the radio) (1864-1929), Slovakia
1906; New York, United States
Or at least is the first known shampoo-maker.
(Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4) , (22. June 1910 - 18. December 1995), Germany
Also known as the Audion tube. (1873-1961), USA
1821-1868, American, he made radical innovations in lock making that were the basis for the modern key and tumbler lock
Electrical engineer. At Intel
1973. A former general manager for the systems division at Motorola, is considered the inventor of the first portable handset and the first person to make a call on a portable cell phone - to one of his competitors.
1913; New York, United States
In 1824 - for use in his hydrogen experiments at the Royal Institution in London.
1929. The first patent for a snowboard was in 1939 - Vern Wicklund. Then 1965 Sherman Poppen invented the Snurfer. And then, Jake Burton invented the first snowboard binding. In 1980, he released the snowboard that we know and love today. Unless you ski. In which case, darn those snowboarders always ruining the slopes.
1958; for VolvoAB, Ghotenburg, Sweden
N. J. Conte, in 1795, successfully produced pencils, after the later famed Faber family of Nuremberg, Germany, failed to do so, by using a pulverized graphite base to create a substandard, crude prototype of a pencil. Conte's method, the basic recipe used by all pencil manufacturers today, differed from the failed Faber fiasco, as he ground graphite, mixed it with certain types of clay, pressed the "dough" into sticks, and finished them in a kiln. The Faber family followed suit, and achieved the fame and fortune that previously eluded it.
1910; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; United States
1965; Dayton, Ohio; United States--with automatic opener
Technically not the first, but Winchell held the first patent on an artificial heart. (1922-2005), USA
1894-1972, American, the invention stemmed from research on methods of resuscitation for victims of gas poisoning and electric shock
(1922-), German born American
1972; Forest Hills, New York, United States
Founded 1886 as The Chicago Directory Company, later contracted with Bell System.
1951; Forest Hills, New York; United States
1935; Teddington, Middlesex, United Kingdom
(1936- ), USA. Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor. No relation to Boba or Jango.
1977; Salt Lake City, Utah; United States
1939; United States. Research chemist at DuPont. A mishap during Plunkett's research on refrigerants resulted in polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) resin. Plunkett dropped his research project to develop the process of recreating PTFE, and Teflon was born. Strangely enough, the credit for this invention seems to have stuck to him.
(1858-1913). High pressure, no spark. Sounds like my marriage.
(1901-2002), Germany. Precursor to the fax machine.
1959. Co-founder of Mattel. Also designed a prosthetic breast.
In 1284, Italy. The inventor of eyeglasses can be debated, but D'Armate's headstone says he did. If it's engraved in stone, it must be true.
Helped revolutionize the cotton industry. During its development, Crompton was forced to dismantle his invention in order to avoid backlash from local workers, who rejected the mechanization of the industry.
1838. Some people credit an assistant Alfred Vail as the inventor.
(1834-1906), USA. Measures the energy of incident electromagnetic radiation.
1921, American, it was patented in 1968
Russian, he revolutionized medicine and saved the lives of countless tuberculosis patients with Streptomycin, a powerful antibiotic
(1959-), Canada Now called the MagneScribe Pen, a three-in-one auto-retractable ball-point pen. A clock, mirror and pen combination that is worn as a pendant. Sunatori used magnets to get the pen to automatically extend and retract.
(1802-1875), England. A small accordion-like instrument. It was developed in 1829 and 1830 by Sir Charles Wheatstone after several years of building prototypes, a few of which still exist (in 1829 he patented its direct predecessor, the Symphonium, but he did not actually patent the concertina itself until 1844).
The Playfair cipher was developed for telegraph secrecy and it was the first literal digraph substitution cipher. It was used by British forces in the Boer War and World War I and also by the islands of Coastwatching in Australia during World War II.
1838. The first real stereographer was Sir Charles Wheatstone, who made geometric drawings and the device to view them so that they appeared to be three-dimensional.
1795 - 1879 England. 1840 - pushed his prepaid postage program through government bureaucracy.
(1827-1915), Canada. A 24-hour clock based on the Greenwich meridian. There's a problem solver - he missed a train and so made the planet change to his clock!
(1823-1883). Used the regenerative principle in his design to increase efficiency. His furnace soon found its place in many industrial applications.
(1871-1922), Croatia. Created the "Automatic Pencil" in 1906.
(1930-2001), Finnish film director. The sling is used to train ski jumpers.
1804-1888, American, his work on iron bridges contributed towards the development of the railroad industry in the U.S.
1963; Delaware & Pennsylvania; United States
1922. It changed bartending forever.
Released the Apple I computer 1 April 1976.
(1845–1903), Sweden, a mechanical calculator. An improved version of earlier arithmometer.
1990 invented at CERN in Switzerland
1898; Copenhagen, Denmark. The telegraphone was the first practical apparatus for magnetic sound recording and reproduction. It was an ingenious apparatus for recording telephone conversations. It recorded, on a wire, the varying magnetic fields produced by a sound. The magnetized wire could then be used to play back the sound.
1937; Wilmington, Delaware; United States
(1836-1909), USA Whitcomb is most famous for inventing the forerunner of the modern zipper in 1893, which he called the clasp-locker.
(1908-1980), USA In 1960, Libby was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for leading the team (namely, post-doc James Arnold and graduate student Ernie Anderson, with a $5,000 grant) that developed Carbon-14 dating. He also discovered that tritium could be used for dating water, and therefore wine.
(1860-1927), The Netherlands
Predecessor of the modern typewriter
(1943-2004), United States. The artificial eye is a brain implant which transmits filmed images into the visual cortex, allowing blind patients to see outlines.
(1955-), chief architect of Visual Basic
1919, American, his original pacemaker patent has led to heart patient survival rates comparable to that of a healthy population of similar age
Netherlands 1590 Assisted by his father Hans
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