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Human Hormones

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A hormone is a chemical released by a cell or a gland in one part of the body that sends out messages that affect cells in other parts of the organism.

58 facts:

Adiponectin
   is secreted by the   
Fat Cells
Controls metabolic process like glucose regulation and lipid catabolism
Adrenaline
   is secreted by the   
Adrenal Medulla
Triggers fight or flight response
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
   is secreted by the   
Anterior Pituitary
Significantly lowers blood and tissue level of vitamin C
Aldosterone
   is secreted by the   
Adrenal Cortex
Increases blood volume by reabsorption of sodium in kidneys
Androstenedione
   is secreted by the   
Adrenal Gland
Helps in the production of estrogen. Principle steroid produced by the postmenopausal ovary.
Angiotensinogen (AGT)
   is secreted by the   
Liver
Controls vasoconstriction
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
   is secreted by the   
Posterior Pituitary
Retention of water in kidneys
Antimullerian
   is secreted by the   
Testes
Secreted by the Seroti cells, inhibits release of prolactin
Atrial-natriuretic Peptide (ANP)
   is secreted by the   
Heart
Enhances the glomerular filtration rate leading to greater excretion of sodium and water
Calciferol
   is secreted by the   
Skin
Helps with the distribution of Vitamin D3
Calcitonin
   is secreted by the   
Thyroid Gland
Lowers blood calcium levels and inhibits absoption of calcium by kidneys
Calcitriol
   is secreted by the   
Kidney
Increase absorption of calcium and phosphate from gastrointestinal tract
Choleocystokinin (CCK)
   is secreted by the   
Duodenum
Releases digestive enzymes from pancreas. Hunger suppressant.
Corticotropin-releasing Hormone (CRH)
   is secreted by the   
Hypothalamus
Releases ACTH from anterior pituitary
Cortisol
   is secreted by the   
Adrenal Cortex
Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
   is secreted by the   
Testes
Prenatal changes that determine the sex, postnatal changes leading to normal male puberty
Dihydrotestosterone
   is secreted by the   
Testes
It's responsible for male pattern baldness.
Dopamine
   is secreted by the   
Hypothalamus
Increases heart rate and blood pressure
Endothelin
   is secreted by the   
Stomach
Controls smooth muscle contraction of stomach
Enkephalin
   is secreted by the   
Kidney
It is associated with the regulation of pain
Epinephrine
   is secreted by the   
Adrenal Medulla
It determines the 'flight or fight' response.
Erythropoietin (EPO)
   is secreted by the   
Kidney
Stimulate red blood cell production
Estradiol
   is secreted by the   
Ovarian Follicle
Promotes formation of female secondary sex characteristics
Estradiol
   is secreted by the   
Testes
Prevents apoptosis of germ cells
Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH)
   is secreted by the   
Anterior Pituitary
In females: stimulates maturation of Graffian follicles in ovary
Gastrin
   is secreted by the   
Intestine
Stimulates the production of certain digestive enzymes like pepsin and promotes stomach contractions
Gastrin
   is secreted by the   
Stomach
Stimulates the production of certain digestive enzymes like pepsin and promotes stomach contractions
Ghrelin
   is secreted by the   
Stomach
Stimulates appetite
Glucagon
   is secreted by the   
Pancreas
Increases blood glucose level
Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone (GnRH)
   is secreted by the   
Hypothalamus
Release of FSH and LH from anterior pituitary
Growth Hormone (GH)
   is secreted by the   
Anterior Pituitary
Stimulates growth and cell reproduction
Growth Hormone-releasing Hormone (GHRH)
   is secreted by the   
Hypothalamus
Release of growth hormone from anterior pituitary
Histamine
   is secreted by the   
Stomach
Stimulates gastric acid secretion
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
   is secreted by the   
Placenta
Inhibit immune response towards the human embryo
Human Placental Lactogen
   is secreted by the   
Placenta
Increase insulin resistance and carbohydrate intolerance
Insulin Growth Factor 1
   is secreted by the   
Liver
Regulate cell growth and development
Insulin
   is secreted by the   
Pancreas
Governs the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats, helps maintain blood glucose levels by promoting the absorption of glucose in the cells of liver, muscle, and fat tissues glycogenesis and glycolysis in liver.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
   is secreted by the   
Anterior Pituitary
In females: Ovulation. In males: Stmulates production of testosterone
Melatonin
   is secreted by the   
Pineal Gland
Causes drowsiness
Neuropeptide Y
   is secreted by the   
Stomach
Increases food intake and decreases physical activity
Noradrenaline
   is secreted by the   
Adrenal Medulla
Breakdown of lipids in fat cells
Orexin
   is secreted by the   
Hypothalamus
Wakefulness and increased energy expenditure
Oxytocin
   is secreted by the   
Posterior Pituitary
Releases breast milk
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
   is secreted by the   
Parathyroid Glands
Increases blood calcium, decreases blood phosphate
Progesterone
   is secreted by the   
Ovary
Supports pregnancy. Makes cervical mucus permeable to sperm.
Prolactin (PRL)
   is secreted by the   
Anterior Pituitary
Milk production in mammary glands and prevents ovulation
Renin
   is secreted by the   
Kidney
Activates the renin-angiotensin system
Secretin
   is secreted by the   
Duodenum
Stops production of gastric juice
Serotonin
   is secreted by the   
Central Nervous System
Controls mood, appetite and sleep
Somatostatin
   is secreted by the   
Hypothalamus
Inhibit release of growth hormone from anterior pituitary
Somatostatin
   is secreted by the   
Intestine
Reduces smooth muscle contracts and blood flow within the intestine
Somatostatin
   is secreted by the   
Pancreas
Lowers rate of gastric emptying
Testosterone
   is secreted by the   
Testes
Controls libido, maturation of sex organs and formation of scrotum
Thrombopoietin
   is secreted by the   
Liver
Produces platelets
Thyroid-stimulating Hormone (TSH)
   is secreted by the   
Anterior Pituitary
Secretes T4 and T3
Thyrotropin-releasing Hormone (TRH)
   is secreted by the   
Hypothalamus
Stimulates prolactin release
Triiodothyronine
   is secreted by the   
Thyroid Gland
Increases basal metabolic rate
Vasopressin
   is secreted by the   
Posterior Pituitary
Reduces loss of water from kidneys


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