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Heraldic Terms

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All terms are those used by Burke's Peerage. Originated in the need to distinguish participants in combat when faces were hidden by iron and steel helmets

140 facts:

Accosted
   is the heraldic term for   
Side by Side
Addorsed
   is the heraldic term for   
Placed Back to Back
Used especially of wings lying close to a creature's back
Agnus Dei
   is the heraldic term for   
A Lamb With a Halo Bearing a Cross
Aislé
   is the heraldic term for   
Winged
Allerion
   is the heraldic term for   
An Eagle Without Beak or Feet
Ancient
   is the heraldic term for   
A Small Flag on the Stern of a Ship
Ancred
   is the heraldic term for   
Cross Whose Four Tips Resemble Anchor Flukes
Aka anchored
Annulet
   is the heraldic term for   
A Ring
Appaumé
   is the heraldic term for   
Open Hand
With fingers and thumb at full length
Argent
   is the heraldic term for   
Silver/white
Siver but usually represented as white in heraldic illustration
Azure
   is the heraldic term for   
Blue
Bar
   is the heraldic term for   
Horizontal Division Occupying 1/5 of the Shield
Basinet
   is the heraldic term for   
A Helmet
Aka. basnet
Bezant
   is the heraldic term for   
A Byzantine Gold Coin
Represented as a round flat piece of gold without impress
Billets
   is the heraldic term for   
Rectangles
Bordure
   is the heraldic term for   
The Border Around the Shield
A “subordinary” used in a coat of arms
Cabossed
   is the heraldic term for   
A Full-faced Animal Head
Cut off just above the neck
Cabrée
   is the heraldic term for   
A Horse Rising on Its Hind Legs
Aka effray or salient.
Caduceus
   is the heraldic term for   
A Wand With Two Snakes Entwined Around It
Canton
   is the heraldic term for   
A Square in the Upper Corner
Occupying one third of the chief. A “subordinary” used in a coat of arms
Cartouche
   is the heraldic term for   
An Oval
Formerly used to show armorials of Popes and other clerics
Cat-a-mountain
   is the heraldic term for   
A Wild Cat
Always drawn guardant
Chaplet
   is the heraldic term for   
A Garland of Flowers & Leaves
Charges a figure or device on a shield
Chevron
   is the heraldic term for   
An Upward Pointing ^
A common “ordinary” used in a coat of arms
Chief
   is the heraldic term for   
A Horizontal Bar at the Top
A common “ordinary” used in a coat of arms
Cinquefoil
   is the heraldic term for   
A Five-petalled Flower
Clenched
   is the heraldic term for   
A Closed Hand
Diminutive of bar
Conjoined
   is the heraldic term for   
Two Wings Joined Together
Corbie
   is the heraldic term for   
A Raven
Couchant
   is the heraldic term for   
Lying Down
Courant
   is the heraldic term for   
Running
Coward
   is the heraldic term for   
Having Its Tail Between Its Legs
Despectant
   is the heraldic term for   
Looking Downwards
Used of animals
Dexter
   is the heraldic term for   
The Right-hand Side of a Shield
Viewed from the position of the person holding it
Displayed
   is the heraldic term for   
A Bird of Prey With Its Wings Expanded
Dormant
   is the heraldic term for   
Sleeping
Differs from couchant in that the head is lowered
Drapeau
   is the heraldic term for   
A Flag
Embowed
   is the heraldic term for   
Bent / Bowed
Embrued
   is the heraldic term for   
Having Drops of Blood Upon It
Or falling from it
Engoulant
   is the heraldic term for   
Devouring
Environné
   is the heraldic term for   
Surrounded
Equipped
   is the heraldic term for   
A Horse With All Its Trappings
Eradicated
   is the heraldic term for   
Uprooted (trees/plants)
Ermines
   is the heraldic term for   
Black Fur With White Spots
Ermine
   is the heraldic term for   
White Fur With Black Spots
Erminois
   is the heraldic term for   
Gold Fur With Black Spots
Estoile
   is the heraldic term for   
A Star
Usually of six wavy points; when an estoile has more than six points they are alternately straight and wavy
Fess
   is the heraldic term for   
A Horizontal Bar in the Center
A common “ordinary” used in a coat of arms
Flaunch
   is the heraldic term for   
A Semi-circle to One Side
A “subordinary” used in a coat of arms
Fleur-de-lys
   is the heraldic term for   
The Flower of the Lily With Three Leaves
Instead of nature's five
Flexed
   is the heraldic term for   
Bent / Bowed
Foliated
   is the heraldic term for   
Leaved
Fourchée
   is the heraldic term for   
Forked
Fracted
   is the heraldic term for   
Broken
Fraise
   is the heraldic term for   
A Strawberry Leaf
Fructed
   is the heraldic term for   
Bearing Fruit
Furnant
   is the heraldic term for   
Giving off Smoke
Fusil
   is the heraldic term for   
A Diamond Shaped Object
The fusil is like the lozenge but narrower.
Garnished
   is the heraldic term for   
Decorated
Guardant
   is the heraldic term for   
Full-faced
Gules
   is the heraldic term for   
Red
Habited
   is the heraldic term for   
Clothed
Halcyon
   is the heraldic term for   
A Kingfisher
Hart
   is the heraldic term for   
A Stag
More than seven years old
Hauberk
   is the heraldic term for   
A Twisted Coat of Mail
Herison
   is the heraldic term for   
A Hedgehog
Hirondelle
   is the heraldic term for   
A Swallow
Hurst
   is the heraldic term for   
A Group of Trees
Hydra
   is the heraldic term for   
A Many-headed Dragon
In Pride
   is the heraldic term for   
A Peacock/turkey With Tail Spread
Invexed
   is the heraldic term for   
Arched
Lattice
   is the heraldic term for   
A Trellis
Aka. tirlace, trellée a trellis whose pieces are nailed together at the crossings
Lioncel / Lionel
   is the heraldic term for   
A Young Lion
Listen
   is the heraldic term for   
The Scroll / Ribbon on Which the Motto is Inscribed
Lozenge
   is the heraldic term for   
A Diamond Shaped Object
The lozenge has for many centuries been particularly associated with women as a vehicle for the display of their coats of arms. Usually somewhat narrower than it is tall. It is to be distinguished in modern heraldry from the fusil, which is like the lozenge but narrower
Martlet /merion
   is the heraldic term for   
A Mythical Bird Shaped Like a Martin/swallow
Morse
   is the heraldic term for   
A Sea-lion
Mort
   is the heraldic term for   
A Skull
Usually placed on the hatchment of the last of a family
Naissant
   is the heraldic term for   
Rising / Coming out of
Nowed
   is the heraldic term for   
Tied in a Knot
Ombré
   is the heraldic term for   
Shadowed
Or
   is the heraldic term for   
Gold/Yellow
Pale
   is the heraldic term for   
A Vertical Bar
A common “ordinary” used in a coat of arms
Passant Guardant
   is the heraldic term for   
Walking With Its Head Full-face
Passant
   is the heraldic term for   
In a Walking Position
Passant Reguardant
   is the heraldic term for   
Walking but Looking Back
Passant Repassant
   is the heraldic term for   
Walking Past Each Other in Opposite Directions
Pattes
   is the heraldic term for   
Paws
Pean
   is the heraldic term for   
A Fur With Gold Spots on a Black Ground
Pegasus
   is the heraldic term for   
A Winged Horse
Penny-yard
   is the heraldic term for   
A Small Coin
Petronel
   is the heraldic term for   
A Pistol
Pile
   is the heraldic term for   
A Downward Pointing Triangle
A common “ordinary” used in a coat of arms
Plenitude
   is the heraldic term for   
A Full Moon
Ployé
   is the heraldic term for   
Bowed and Bent
Poing
   is the heraldic term for   
A Closed Hand
Popinjay
   is the heraldic term for   
A Small Green Parrot With Red Beak and Legs
Purpure
   is the heraldic term for   
Purple
Python
   is the heraldic term for   
Winged Serpent
Rampant
   is the heraldic term for   
Standing on Its Hind Legs
Reclinant
   is the heraldic term for   
Bending Backwards
Regardant
   is the heraldic term for   
Looking Behind or Backwards
Remora
   is the heraldic term for   
A Snake
Rere
   is the heraldic term for   
A Mouse or Bat
Respectant / Respecting
   is the heraldic term for   
Face to Face
Rousant
   is the heraldic term for   
Rising
Sable
   is the heraldic term for   
Black
Salient
   is the heraldic term for   
Leaping on Its Prey
Saltant
   is the heraldic term for   
Springing Forward
Used of a squirrel, cat, weasel, rat etc when springing forward
Saltire
   is the heraldic term for   
An 'X'-shaped Cross
Sanglier
   is the heraldic term for   
A Wild Boar
Sanguine
   is the heraldic term for   
Blood Red
Scintillant
   is the heraldic term for   
Sparkling
Sejant Addorsed
   is the heraldic term for   
Animals Sitting Back to Back
Sejant / Segeant
   is the heraldic term for   
Sitting
Shambrough
   is the heraldic term for   
A Ship
Sinister
   is the heraldic term for   
The Left-hand Side of a Shield
Viewed from the position of the person holding it
Sinople
   is the heraldic term for   
Green
Continental term for vert (green)
Siren/syren
   is the heraldic term for   
A Mermaid
Skean
   is the heraldic term for   
A Short Sword / Dagger
Sperver
   is the heraldic term for   
A Tent
Splendour
   is the heraldic term for   
The Sun when Pictured With a Human Face and Emitting Rays
Statant
   is the heraldic term for   
Standing
Supporters
   is the heraldic term for   
Figures Placed on Either Side of a Shield
Surcoat
   is the heraldic term for   
A Loose, Light Coat Worn over Armour
Surgeant
   is the heraldic term for   
Rising
Talbot
   is the heraldic term for   
A Hunting Dog
Tenne / Tawney
   is the heraldic term for   
Orange
Tincture
   is the heraldic term for   
Colour in Heraldic Illustration
There are three basic types: colours (all unpatterned colours that are not metals), metals (such as argent or or) and furs
Torqued
   is the heraldic term for   
Wreathed
Trefoil
   is the heraldic term for   
A Three-leaved Grass
Trien
   is the heraldic term for   
Three
Trippant
   is the heraldic term for   
With One Foot up As if Trotting
Used of beasts of the chase as passant is to beasts of prey, shown with one foot up as if trotting; counter-trippant is when two beasts are tripping past each other in opposite directions
Urchin
   is the heraldic term for   
A Hedgehog
Vert
   is the heraldic term for   
Green
Vested
   is the heraldic term for   
Clothed
Vigilant
   is the heraldic term for   
Watching for Prey
Volant
   is the heraldic term for   
Flying
Vorant
   is the heraldic term for   
Devouring
Or engoulant
Vulned
   is the heraldic term for   
Wounded


Facts contributed by:


JMK








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