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Afghanistan
      
President Ashraf Ghani
Since September 2014
Albania
      
President Ilir Meta
Since July 2017
Algeria
      
President Abdelkader Bensalah
Acting President following the resignation of Abdelaziz Bouteflika in April 2019
Andorra
      
Co-Princes - Bishop Joan Enric Vives Sicília & Emmanuel Macron
Since May 2003 and May 2017 respectively. The Co-Princes of Andorra are the Bishop of Urgell and the President of France.
Angola
      
President Joao Lourenco
Since September 2017
Antigua and Barbuda
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Rodney Williams
Since August 2014
Argentina
      
President Mauricio Macri
Since December 2015
Armenia
      
President Armen Sarkissian
Since April 2018
Australia
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Peter Cosgrove
Since 2014
Austria
      
President Alexander Van Der Bellen
Since January 2017
Azerbaijan
      
President İlham Aliyev
Since October 2003
Bahamas
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Dame Marguerite Pindling
Since July 2014
Bahrain
      
King Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa
Since March 1999 as Emir and February 2002 as King.
Bangladesh
      
President Abdul Hamid
March 2013
Barbados
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Dame Sandra Mason
Since January 2018
Belarus
      
President Aleksandr Lukashenko
Since July 1994
Belgium
      
King Phillipe
Since July 2013
Belize
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Colville Young
Since November 1993
Benin
      
President Patrice Talon
Since April 2016
Bhutan
      
Dragon King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Since 2006. 5th Dragon King
Bolivia
      
President Evo Morales
Since January 2006
Bosnia and Herzegovina
      
Chairmen of the Presidency - Milorad Dodik, Sefik Dzaferovic and Zeljko Komsic
The Presidency consists of three members: one Bosniak and one Croat elected from the Federation and one Serb elected from the Republika Srpska. Since 1998, in accordance with the Constitution and Rules of Procedure, every eight months the Chair of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina rotates.
Botswana
      
President Mokgweetsi Masisi
Since April 2018
Brazil
      
President Jair Bolsonaro
Since January 2019
Brunei
      
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
Since October 1967
Bulgaria
      
President Rumen Radev
Since January 2017
Burkina Faso
      
President Roch Marc Christian Kabore
Since December 2015
Burundi
      
President Pierre Nkurunziza
Since August 2005
Cambodia
      
King Norodom Sihamoni
Since October 2004
Cameroon
      
President Paul Biya
Since February 1984
Canada
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Julie Payette
Since October 2017
Cape Verde
      
President Jorge Carlos Fonseca
Since September 2011
Central African Republic
      
President Faustin-Archange Touadera
Since March 2016
Chad
      
President Idriss Déby
Since 1990
Chile
      
President Sebastian Pinera
Since March 2018
China
      
President Xi Jinping
Since November 2012
Colombia
      
President Ivan Duque Marquez
Since August 2018
Comoros
      
President Azali Asoumani
Since May 2016
Costa Rica
      
President Carlos Alvarado Quesada
Since May 2018
Croatia
      
President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic
Since February 2015
Côte D'Ivoire
      
President Alassane Outtara
Since December 2010
Cuba
      
President Miguel Diaz-Canel
Since April 2018
Cyprus
      
President Nicos Anastasiades
Since February 2013
Czech Republic
      
President Milos Zeman
Since March 2013
Democratic Republic of the Congo
      
President Felix Tshisekedi
Since January 2019
Denmark
      
Queen Margrethe II
Since January 1972
Djibouti
      
President Ismail Omar Guelleh
Since May 1999
Dominica
      
President Charles Savarin
Since October 2013
Dominican Republic
      
President Danilo Medina
Since August 2012
East Timor
      
President Francisco Guterres
Since May 2017
Ecuador
      
President Lenin Moreno
Since May 2017
Egypt
      
President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi
Since June 2014
El Salvador
      
President Salvador Sanchez Ceren
Since June 2014
Equatorial Guinea
      
President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
Since August 1979
Eritrea
      
President Isaias Afewerki
Since 1993
Estonia
      
President Kersti Kaljulaid
Since October 2016
Eswatini
      
King Mswati III
Acsended the throne in April 1986. In April 2018 he issued a proclamation changing the name of the country from Swaziland to Eswatini.
Ethiopia
      
President Sahle-Work Zewde
Since October 2018. The countries first female president.
Fiji
      
President Jioji Konrote
Since November 2015. The first president to be chosen by parliament rather than the Great Council of Chiefs.
Finland
      
President Sauli Niinisto
Since March 2012
France
      
President Emmanuel Macron
Since May 2017
Gabon
      
President Ali Bongo Ondimba
Son of Omar Bongo Ondimba who was Gabonese president from 1967 to 2009
Gambia
      
President Adama Barrow
Since January 2017
Georgia
      
President Salome Zourabichvili
Since December 2018
Germany
      
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier
While the German Chancellor is head of government the office of head of state is held by the president.
Ghana
      
President Nana Akufo-Addo
Since January 2017
Greece
      
President Prokopis Pavlopoulos
Since March 2015
Grenada
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Dame Cecile La Grenade
Since May 2013
Guatemala
      
President Jimmy Morales Cabrera
Since Januray 2016
Guinea-Bissau
      
President Jose Mario Vaz
Since June 2014
Guinea
      
President Alpha Conde
Since December 2010
Guyana
      
President David Granger
Since May 2015
Haiti
      
President Jovenel Moise
Since February 2017
Honduras
      
President Juan Orlando Hernandez
Since January 2014
Hungary
      
President Janos Ader
Since May 2017
Iceland
      
President Guoni Thorlacius Johannesson
Since August 2016
India
      
President Ram Nath Kovind
Since July 2017
Indonesia
      
President Joko Widodo
Since October 2014
Iran
      
Ali Khamenei
Since 1989. Grand Ayatollah
Iraq
      
President Barham Salih
Since October 2018
Ireland
      
President Michael D Higgins
Since November 2011
Israel
      
President Reuven Rivlin
Since July 2014. As executive power lies with the Prime Minister and government, the president's role is mainly that of figurehead.
Italy
      
President Sergio Mattarella
Since February 2015
Jamaica
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Patrick Allen
Since February 2009
Japan
      
Emperor Akihito
Since January 1989. Japan has the worlds oldest continuing hereditary monarchy.
Jordan
      
King Abdullah II
Since February 1999
Kazakhstan
      
President Nursultan Nazarbayev
Since 1990. Became the first president when the nation gained indepenence from the Soviet Union.
Kenya
      
President Uhuru Keyatta
Since April 2013
Kiribati
      
President Taneti Mamau
Since March 2016
Kuwait
      
Emir Sheik Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Since January 2016
Kyrgyzstan
      
President Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Since November 2017
Laos
      
President Bounnhang Vorachith
Since April 2016
Latvia
      
President Raimonds Vejonis
Since July 2015
Lebanon
      
President Michel Aoun
Since October 2016
Lesotho
      
King Letsie III
Since October 1997
Liberia
      
President George Weah
Since January 2018
Libya
      
Prime Minister Fayez Al-Sarraj
Since March 2016. The political landscape in Libya has been unstable since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi. Various factions dispute his authority.
Liechtenstein
      
Sovereign Prince Hans-Adam II
Since November 1989
Lithuania
      
President Dalia Grybauskaite
Since July 2009
Luxembourg
      
Grand Duke Henri
Since October 2000
Madagascar
      
President Andry Rajoelina
Since January 2019
Malawi
      
President Peter Mutharika
Since May 2014. Younger brother of former president Bingu wa Mutharika, who served from May 2004 until his death in April 2012.
Malaysia
      
Yang Di-Pertuan Agong Abdullah
Since January 2019. Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the title given to the head of state
Maldives
      
President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
Since November 2018
Mali
      
President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita
Since September 2013. Malian presidential terms run for 5 years and are once-renewable.
Malta
      
George Vella
Assumed office 4th April 2019
Marshall Islands
      
President Hilda Heine
January 2016
Mauritania
      
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Since August 2009
Mauritius
      
President Barlen Vyapoory
Since March 2018. Has served in an acting capacity since the resignation of President Ameerah Gurib.
Mexico
      
President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
Since December 2018. Mexican presidents are limited to a single term of six years.
Micronesia
      
President Peter Christian
Since May 2015
Moldova
      
President Igor Dodon
December 2016
Monaco
      
Sovereign Prince Albert II
Since April 2005
Mongolia
      
President Khaltmaagiin Battulga
Since July 2017
Montenegro
      
President Milo Dukanovic
Since May 2018
Morocco
      
King Mohammad VI
Since July 1999
Mozambique
      
President Filipe Nyusi
Since January 2015
Myanmar
      
President Wint Myint
Since March 2018
Namibia
      
President Hage Geinob
Since March 2015
Nauru
      
President Baron Waqa
Since June 2013
Nepal
      
President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Since October 2015. The first female Nepali head of state
Netherlands
      
King Willem-Alexander
Since April 2013
New Zealand
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Patsy Reddy
Since September 2016
Nicaragua
      
President Daniel Ortega
Since January 2007
Nigeria
      
Muhammadu Buhari
Since May 2015
Niger
      
President Mahamadou Issoufou
Since April 2011
North Korea
      
Kim Yong-Nam
In North Korea the title of 'Head of State' does not exsist. Most sources cite Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly Kim Young-Nam as 'nominal head of state', not Kim Jong -Un as might be expected.
North Macedonia
      
Gjorge Ivanov
In 2018 a long-running dispute with Greece over the use of the name "Macedonia" was settled with an agreement that the country would be renamed the Republic of North Macedonia, effective from February 2019
Norway
      
King Harald V
Since January 1991
Oman
      
Sultan Qaboos Bin Sa’id Al ‘Bu Sa’id
Since 1970. Overthrew his father Said bin Taimur during the 1963-76 Dhofar Rebellion.
Pakistan
      
President Arif Alvi
Since September 2018
Palau
      
President Thomas Remengesau Jr
Since January 2013
Palestine
      
President Mahmoud Abbas
Since 2005
Panama
      
President Juan Carlos Varela
Since July 2014
Papua New Guinea
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Robert Dadae
Since February 2017
Paraguay
      
President Mario Abdo Benitez
Since August 2018
Peru
      
President Martin Vizcarra
Since March 2018. Full name Martin Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo.
The Philippines
      
President Rodrigo Duterte
Since June 2016
Poland
      
President Andrzej Duda
Since August 2015
Portugal
      
President Marcelo Rebelo De Sousa
Since March 2016
Qatar
      
Emir Sheik Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani
Since June 2013
Republic of the Congo
      
President Denis Sassou Nguesso
Since 1997
Romania
      
President Klaus Iohannis
Since December 2014
Russia
      
President Vladimir Putin
Since May 2012
Rwanda
      
President Paul Kagame
Since March 2000
Saint Kitts and Nevis
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Tapley Seaton
Since May 2015
Saint Lucia
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Neville Cenac
Since January 2018
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Frederick Ballantyne
Since September 2002
Samoa
      
O Le Ao O Le Malo Vaaletoa Sualauvi II
Since July 2017. His full name is Afioga Tuimalealiifano Vaaletoa Sualauvi II so while he is head of state his full title would be O le Ao o le Malo Afioga Tuimalealiifano Vaaletoa Sualauvi II
Sao Tomé and Príncipe
      
President Evaristo Carvalho
Since September 2016
Saudi Arabia
      
King Salman
Since January 2015. The King is also the Head of the House of Saud and Prime Minister.
Senegal
      
President Macky Sall
Since April 2012
Serbia
      
President Aleksandar Vucic
Since May 2017
Seychelles
      
President Danny Faure
Since October 2016
Sierra Leone
      
President Julius Maada Bio
Since April 2018
Singapore
      
President Halimah Yacob
Since September 2017. The first female President
Slovakia
      
President Andrej Kiska
Since June 2014
Slovenia
      
President Borut Pahor
Since December 2012
San Marino
      
Captains Regent Nicola Selva and Michele Muratori
The Captains Regent of San Marino are elected every 6 months
Solomon Islands
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Frank Kabui
Since July 2009
Somalia
      
President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Since February 2017
South Africa
      
President Cyril Ramaphosa
Since February 2018
South Korea
      
President Moon Jae-in
Since May 2017
South Sudan
      
President Salva Kiir Mayardit
Since July 2011
Spain
      
King Felipe VI
Since June 2014
Sri Lanka
      
President Maithripala Sirisena
Since January 2015
Sudan
      
President Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir
Since 1989
Suriname
      
President Desi Bouterse
Since August 2010
Sweden
      
King Carl XVI Gustaf
Since September 1973
Switzerland
      
Federal Council
The seven-member executive council serves as the collective executive head of state of Switzerland.
Syria
      
President Bashar Al-Assad
Since July 2000
Taiwan (Republic of China)
      
President Tsai Ing-wen
Since May 2016
Tajikistan
      
President Emomali Rahmon
Since November 1994
Tanzania
      
President John Magufuli
Since November 2015
Thailand
      
King Maha Vajiralongkorn
Since October 2016. Also styled Rama X, his full title is King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun.
Togo
      
President Faure Gnassingbé
Since May 2005. Installed as president after the death in office of his father Gnassinbe Eyadema who had served since 1967.
Tonga
      
King Aho'eitu Tupou VI
Since March 2012
Trinidad and Tobago
      
President Paula-Mae Weekes
Since March 2018. The first woman to hold the office.
Tunisia
      
President Beji Caid Essebi
Since December 2014
Turkey
      
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Since August 2014
Turkmenistan
      
President Gurbanguly Berdymuhammedov
Since 1990
Tuvalu
      
Queen Elizabeth II / Sir Iakoba Italeti
Since April 2010
Uganda
      
President Yoweri Museveni
Since January 1986
Ukraine
      
President Petro Poroshenko
Since June 2014
United Arab Emirates
      
Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahayan
Since 2014
United Kingdom
      
Queen Elizabeth II
Since February 1952
Uruguay
      
President Tabaré Vázquez
Since March 2015
The U.S.A.
      
President Donald Trump
Since January 2017
Uzbekistan
      
President Shavkat Mirviyoyev
Since December 2016
Vanuatu
      
President Tallis Obed Moses
Since July 2017
Vatican City
      
Pope Francis
Since 2013. Pope Francis is the 266th and current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, a title he holds ex officio as Bishop of Rome, and Sovereign of the Vatican City. He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi.
Venezuela
      
President Nicolas Maduro
Since April 2013. Sworn in for a second term in May 2018. His legitimacy as president is in dispute. After the results of the 2018 election were called into question the National Assembly of Venezuela government invoked articles 233, 333 and 350 to elect Juan Guaido leader of a transitional government. Some countries and organizations support the move while others recognise Maduro as the duly elected leader.
Vietnam
      
President Nguyen Phu Trong
Since October 2018
Western Sahara (SADR)
      
President Brahim Ghali
Since July 2016
Yemen
      
President Ali Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi
Since February 2012
Zambia
      
President Edgar Lungu
Since January 2015
Zimbabwe
      
President Emmerson Mnangagwa
Since November 2017. Attained office after the initiation of impeachment proceedings forced the resignation of incumbent Robert Mugabe who at 93 had held office since December 1987.


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