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Grape Varieties

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57 facts:

Aglianico
   grape was first grown in   
Italy
First grown in southern Italy. Known for its ability to produce wines with high levels of tannin in warm growing conditions.
Albarino
   grape was first grown in   
Spain and Portugal
A white wine variety
Aleatico
   grape was first grown in   
Italy
Red wine variety best known for its sweet dessert wine
Aligote
   grape was first grown in   
France
The second string white grape variety (after Chardonnay) in Burgundy. Used for wine intended to be drunk young or mixed with cassis (blackcurrant liqueur) to make a refreshing aperitif called kir.
Baco Noir
   grape was first grown in   
France
A French hybrid, in other words a cross between a European grape variety and an American species. The variety is named after its developer, Francois Baco.
Barbera
   grape was first grown in   
Italy
First grown in Piedmont. Very easy to drink due to its soft tannins.
Bastado
   grape was first grown in   
Portugal
Used mainly for Port.
Biancone
   grape was first grown in   
Italy
White wine variety used to make dessert wines.
Carnelian
   grape was first grown in   
The U.S.A.
Grown in California. A cross of Cabernet Sauvignon, this time with both Carignan and Grenache. It is intended as a hot climate alternative to Cabernet and is often used to make wine for blending.
Chambourcin
   grape was first grown in   
France
A red wine variety, in fact a hybrid of Vitis vinifera and Vitis rupestris. In Australia it is grown extensively in NSW, particularly in the Hunter Valley and in the Mudgee region.
Chardonnay
   grape was first grown in   
France
Chardonnay to a winemaker is like a blank canvas to an artist - because of its versatility the maker can put their own style into the wine.
Chenin Blanc
   grape was first grown in   
France
First grown in the Loire Valley. A classic French variety. The basis of some of the world's greatest and longest living sweet wines.
Cienna
   grape was first grown in   
Australia
Developed from a crossing of Cabernet Sauvignon and the Spanish variety Sumoll. Brown Brothers and Yalumba are pioneering this variety.
Colombard
   grape was first grown in   
France
White wine variety used to make the base wine for Cognac distillation.
Corvina
   grape was first grown in   
Italy
A primary component of Italy’s sweet wine Recioto
Cygne Blanc
   grape was first grown in   
Australia
White wine variety which was developed from a seedling in Dorman Mann's Swan Valley vineyard. The variety produces a high quality still wine and also sparkling wine.
Doradillo
   grape was first grown in   
Spain
Predominantly grown in Australia for use in basic fortified wines
Flora
   grape was first grown in   
The U.S.A.
First grown in California. A hybrid of Gewürztraminer and Semillon
Furmint
   grape was first grown in   
Hungary
Both sweet and dry styles are made in the Tokaj region where it is enjoying a revival in popularity.
Gewürtztraminer
   grape was first grown in   
France
First grown in Alsace. Produces highly fragrant and spicy wines.
Grenache
   grape was first grown in   
Spain
One of the worlds most planted grape varieties. Used to make both light and heavy red wines.
Harslevelu
   grape was first grown in   
Hungary
White wine used to make delicate scented sweet white wines in Tokaj
Lambrusco
   grape was first grown in   
Italy
Used to produce a fruity, effervescent Italian wine.
Lemberger
   grape was first grown in   
Germany
This is a red wine variety grown in Germany and also in Austria under the name 'Blaufrankisch'
Malbec
   grape was first grown in   
France
It was used as a minor blending partner for Cabernet Sauvignon or Cabernet Shiraz Blends. It is increasingly celebrated as an Argentine varietal wine and is being grown around the world.
Mavrodaphne
   grape was first grown in   
Greece
Noted for producing robust, porty reds.
Merlot
   grape was first grown in   
France
First grown in Bordeaux. Used to make some of the world's greatest (and most expensive!) red wines.
Muscadelle
   grape was first grown in   
France
A minor component of the great sweet wines of Sauternes and Barsac.
Muscat Blanc A Petits Grains
   grape was first grown in   
Greece
The finest variant of Muscat.
Muscat of Alexandria
   grape was first grown in   
Egypt
Widely grown
Muscat Ottonel
   grape was first grown in   
France
First grown in the Loire. Commonly used in Aromatic Muscat wines.
Nebbiolo
   grape was first grown in   
Italy
The most powerful of the Italian varieties. Used to make Barolo, one of Italy’s most famous red wines.
Ondenc
   grape was first grown in   
France
A rare white variety. Langmeil winery in the Barossa Valley makes a sparkling Ondenc Cuvee.
Palomino
   grape was first grown in   
Spain
First grown in Andalucia. The predominant variety used to make sherry and sherry styles.
Pedro Ximénes
   grape was first grown in   
Spain
Renowned for the production of rich, raison-like fortified wine
Petit Verdot
   grape was first grown in   
France
Traditionally used in Cabernet Sauvignon
Pinot Gris
   grape was first grown in   
France
Similar to Chardonnay with a crisp flavour.
Pinot Noir
   grape was first grown in   
France
First grown in Burgundy. Extremely hard to grow and vinify. Best grown in very cool climate.
Riesling
   grape was first grown in   
Germany
One of the world's most popular grape varieties. Australia used this variety extensively in the 70's but lost its popularity to the Chardonnay by the 90's.
Roriz
   grape was first grown in   
Spain
Used in the production of red port.
Rubired
   grape was first grown in   
The U.S.A.
First grown in California. A hybrid variety, commonly used in blends due to its deep colour.
Ruby Cabernet
   grape was first grown in   
The U.S.A.
First grown in California. A hybrid variety: a Carignan and Cabernet Sauvignon cross.
Sangiovese
   grape was first grown in   
Italy
A main component in the great red wines of Chianti in Italy.
Saperavi
   grape was first grown in   
Southern Russia
A cool climate variety grown on two vineyards in North East Victoria.
Sauvignon Blanc
   grape was first grown in   
France
First grown in the Bordeaux region. Increasing in popularity in Australia. Is used to create fresh, vibrant wine styles.
Schonburger
   grape was first grown in   
Germany
Red wine variety which is more commonly grown
Semillon
   grape was first grown in   
France
First grown in the Bordeaux region. Semillon saw its rise to popularity through Australia’s Hunter Valley.
Syrah
   grape was first grown in   
France
aka Shiraz. Australia has perfected the Shiraz which stands alone as a full bodied red or equally in a blend.
Taminga
   grape was first grown in   
Australia
A neutral variety. Bred by CSIRO in Australia for its high yield in warm climates.
Tinta Amarela
   grape was first grown in   
Portugal
A less known and used red Port variety.
Tinta Barocca
   grape was first grown in   
Portugal
Used in the production of red Port.
Tinta Cão
   grape was first grown in   
Portugal
A high quality variety used in the production of Port.
Touriga Francesa
   grape was first grown in   
Portugal
An important variety for red port.
Touriga National
   grape was first grown in   
Portugal
The most important variety in high quality port.
Tyrian
   grape was first grown in   
Australia
Bred for its production of high quality red fruit in warm climates.
Verdelho
   grape was first grown in   
Portugal
One of Australia’s niche white varieties. The production varies from winery to winery because it takes on different characteristics with varying climates.
Viognier
   grape was first grown in   
Croatia
A lovely white wine with distinctive fruity tones.


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