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First grown in southern Italy. Known for its ability to produce wines with high levels of tannin in warm growing conditions.
Red wine variety best known for its sweet dessert wine
The second string white grape variety (after Chardonnay) in Burgundy. Used for wine intended to be drunk young or mixed with cassis (blackcurrant liqueur) to make a refreshing aperitif called kir.
A French hybrid, in other words a cross between a European grape variety and an American species. The variety is named after its developer, Francois Baco.
First grown in Piedmont. Very easy to drink due to its soft tannins.
White wine variety used to make dessert wines.
Grown in California. A cross of Cabernet Sauvignon, this time with both Carignan and Grenache. It is intended as a hot climate alternative to Cabernet and is often used to make wine for blending.
A red wine variety, in fact a hybrid of Vitis vinifera and Vitis rupestris. In Australia it is grown extensively in NSW, particularly in the Hunter Valley and in the Mudgee region.
Chardonnay to a winemaker is like a blank canvas to an artist - because of its versatility the maker can put their own style into the wine.
First grown in the Loire Valley. A classic French variety. The basis of some of the world's greatest and longest living sweet wines.
Developed from a crossing of Cabernet Sauvignon and the Spanish variety Sumoll. Brown Brothers and Yalumba are pioneering this variety.
White wine variety used to make the base wine for Cognac distillation.
A primary component of Italy’s sweet wine Recioto
White wine variety which was developed from a seedling in Dorman Mann's Swan Valley vineyard. The variety produces a high quality still wine and also sparkling wine.
Predominantly grown in Australia for use in basic fortified wines
First grown in California. A hybrid of Gewürztraminer and Semillon
Both sweet and dry styles are made in the Tokaj region where it is enjoying a revival in popularity.
First grown in Alsace. Produces highly fragrant and spicy wines.
One of the worlds most planted grape varieties. Used to make both light and heavy red wines.
White wine used to make delicate scented sweet white wines in Tokaj
Used to produce a fruity, effervescent Italian wine.
This is a red wine variety grown in Germany and also in Austria under the name 'Blaufrankisch'
It was used as a minor blending partner for Cabernet Sauvignon or Cabernet Shiraz Blends. It is increasingly celebrated as an Argentine varietal wine and is being grown around the world.
Noted for producing robust, porty reds.
First grown in Bordeaux. Used to make some of the world's greatest (and most expensive!) red wines.
A minor component of the great sweet wines of Sauternes and Barsac.
The finest variant of Muscat.
First grown in the Loire. Commonly used in Aromatic Muscat wines.
The most powerful of the Italian varieties. Used to make Barolo, one of Italy’s most famous red wines.
A rare white variety. Langmeil winery in the Barossa Valley makes a sparkling Ondenc Cuvee.
First grown in Andalucia. The predominant variety used to make sherry and sherry styles.
Renowned for the production of rich, raison-like fortified wine
Traditionally used in Cabernet Sauvignon
Similar to Chardonnay with a crisp flavour.
First grown in Burgundy. Extremely hard to grow and vinify. Best grown in very cool climate.
One of the world's most popular grape varieties. Australia used this variety extensively in the 70's but lost its popularity to the Chardonnay by the 90's.
Used in the production of red port.
First grown in California. A hybrid variety, commonly used in blends due to its deep colour.
First grown in California. A hybrid variety: a Carignan and Cabernet Sauvignon cross.
A main component in the great red wines of Chianti in Italy.
A cool climate variety grown on two vineyards in North East Victoria.
First grown in the Bordeaux region. Increasing in popularity in Australia. Is used to create fresh, vibrant wine styles.
Red wine variety which is more commonly grown
First grown in the Bordeaux region. Semillon saw its rise to popularity through Australia’s Hunter Valley.
aka Shiraz. Australia has perfected the Shiraz which stands alone as a full bodied red or equally in a blend.
A neutral variety. Bred by CSIRO in Australia for its high yield in warm climates.
A less known and used red Port variety.
Used in the production of red Port.
A high quality variety used in the production of Port.
An important variety for red port.
The most important variety in high quality port.
Bred for its production of high quality red fruit in warm climates.
One of Australia’s niche white varieties. The production varies from winery to winery because it takes on different characteristics with varying climates.
A lovely white wine with distinctive fruity tones.
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