Forts and Castles
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A fortified palace built during the 11th century.
This will confuse some people, but it's in Bishop Auckland, County Durham.
Built in the period of Emperor Yongle (1402-1424) of the Ming Dynasty.
Home of the Blarney Stone, the legendary Stone of Eloquence. Kiss it and youâ€™ll never be lost for words.
Built in the early 20th century. Took 3 years and $3.5 million to build.
Built in the 10th century.
Initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family between 135 and 139. It was later used as a fortress and castle.
Favoured residence of the late Queen Mother.
From before 1200 to present day. Formerly the home of the Norse King of Man. Rebuilt in 1344 after being partially destroyed by Robert the Bruce circa 1315.
ChÃ¢teau de Chambord. Built in the 1500s by King FranÃ§ois I.
Aouthernmost of the castles on the Welsh-English border.
Situated between between Tuscany and Emilia. The first mention of Comano is from the year 884 but according to archaeological finds, the area seems to have been inhabited since Roman times.
Part of a World Heritage site.
Similar to the White Tower in the Tower of London
Still in use as a military garrison.
Built in 1906 as part of the second ring of defenses around Antwerp to defend Belgium against a German attack.
Built in 1885 in Wellington, overlooking the site of the current Interislander ferry terminal this included two rifled muzzle loading guns, which had a range of about three kilometres. During World War 2 an anti-aircraft gun was installed. Not much remains of the former fort.
At the mouth of the Richelieu River; constructed by the French at the time of the Iroquois wars
An old star-shaped fort located on the NE coast of Penang, Malaysia. It was built by Captain Sir Francis Light after taking possession of the island from the Sultan of Kedah in 1786.
A defensive facility occupying a small island located north of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Sydney Harbour, NSW, Australia. Fortification of the island began in 1841, resumed in 1855 and was complete in 1857 as a defence against a feared Russian invasion during the Crimean War.
Originally constructed in thge 17th century overlooking the Cherbourg harbor; taken from the Germans by the US 79th Division in WWII
Also know as Fort Cataraqui, it was a French trading post and military fort built in 1673 in what is now Kingston, Ontario. Positioned at the mouth of the Cataraqui River where the St. Lawrence River leaves Lake Ontario.
An 18th century fortress built to pacify the Scottish Highlands in the aftermath of the Jacobite rising of 1745, replacing an earlier Fort George built after the 1715 Jacobite rising.
Built in 1593 by order of King Philip II of Spain, then ruler of the joint Portuguese and Spanish Kingdoms, located on Mombasa Island to guard the Old Port of Mombasa, Kenya.
Built during the Crimean War to defend Sydney Harbour.
Built by Britain at the Straits of Mackinaw at the time of the American Revolution; restored and open to the public
Is a star fort that stands on Manoel Island in Marsamxett Harbour to the nw of Valletta and commands the entrance to Marsamxett Harbour and the anchorage of Sliema Creek.
St. Augustine, Florida, the oldest masonry fort in continental US
Built by the French in 1715; reconstructed and site of annual pageant; Mackinaw City, Michigan
One of a chain of four forts protecting the frontier, was stockade fort erected by Job Pearsall in 1749 on the present site of Ridgeley, West Virginia. Was built of log construction, 45 feet long and 25 feet wide, with two stories.
Also known as the Labrador. One of 11 coastal artillery forts built by the British in the 19th century to defend the passage into Keppel Harbour against piracy and foreign naval powers.
Built on the western entrance to Port Phillip, it dates from the Crimean War of 1854â€“1856, and was manned as a coastal defence installation continuously from 1883 to 1946.
On the Main river in WÃ¼rzburg, Germany. It has been a fort since ancient times.
The fort is situated about 1500 feet above sea level. There are approximately 2000 limestone steps leading to the fort which were probably meant for elephants.
Charleston, South Carolina, was site of 1st battle of the US Civil War in April 1861
Strategically located on Lake Champlain. Originally named Fort Carillon.
On Lake George, a few miles from Fort Ticonceroga. Captured and destroyed by French.
Previously a sea defence - until the sea retreated.
Also known as Takaoka-jo. Built in 1611.
New Zealandâ€™s only castle, built in 1871 by William Larnach.
Confusingly not in Leeds, but more than 200 miles away in Kent.
Also known as Fukuyama-jo. Built in 1849 and reconstructed in 1959. Considered to be the last of Japanâ€™s traditional castles.
Located on the slopes of the Alps, the Sleeping Beauty castle in Disney Land was based on Neuschwanstein.
Partial ruin now, sited on St Patrick's Isle. Pre Viking era to 18th century when the Lord of Man abandoned it to move inland.
Built by Earl Roger of Montgomery in 1093.
Coastal protection at Falmouth, Cornwall.
Completed in 1878 Commissioned by Lord Palmerston and hence it also known as one of the â€˜Palmerston Folliesâ€™. It was built to defend Portsmouth Harbour.
Also known as Viapori (Finnish), or Sveaborg (Swedish), it is an inhabited sea fortress built on six islands in Helsinki.
Built in 1872-94 by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Also known as the Cursed Fortress. Built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq in 1321 AD.
Built around 1610 as the summer residence of the Tuscan royalty.
Built between the 11th and 14th centuries on the foundations of a Roman castellum and a Carolingian refuge.
Founded in 1067, the legend says a German duke was captivated by the view of the Alps and decided to build a castle there.
Largest inhabited castle in the world. Inhabited by the Queen.
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