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Former Capitals of Countries

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Aarau
   was formerly the capital of   
Switzerland
Moved to Lucerne, 1798 - 1798
Abidjan
   was formerly the capital of   
Côte D'Ivoire
Moved to Yamoussoukro, 1933 - 1983
Aegina
   was formerly the capital of   
Greece
Moved back to Nafplion, 1827 - 1829
Al-Askar
   was formerly the capital of   
Egypt
Moved to Cairo, 905 - 969
Al-Fustat
   was formerly the capital of   
Egypt
Moved to Al-Askar, 641 - 750
Alma-Ata
   was formerly the capital of   
Kazakhstan
Renamed Almaty, 1929 - 1993
Almaty
   was formerly the capital of   
Kazakhstan
Moved to Astana, 1993 - 1998
Aneho
   was formerly the capital of   
Togo
Moved to Lomé, 1880 - 1897
Antioch
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Conquered by Parthia, 240 BC - 64 BC
Auckland
   was formerly the capital of   
New Zealand
Moved to Wellington, 1841 - 1865
Ayutthaya
   was formerly the capital of   
Thailand
Moved to Thonburi after the Burmese destroyed the city, 1350 - 1767
Baguio
   was formerly the capital of   
Philippines
Summer Capital, moved back to Manila via Presidential Decree No. 940., 1946 - 1976
Baturyn
   was formerly the capital of   
Ukraine
Moved to Hlukhiv after demolition of the city by Russian forces, 1669 - 1708
Belgrade
   was formerly the capital of   
Yugoslavia
State union dissolved, became capital of Serbia, 1918 - 2003
Belize City
   was formerly the capital of   
British Honduras
Moved to Belmopan, 1638 - 1970
Berlin
   was formerly the capital of   
German Empire
Separation of Germany to occupation zones for the Allied powers, 1871 - 1945
Bingerville
   was formerly the capital of   
Côte D'Ivoire
Moved to Abidjan, 1900 - 1933
Bjørgvin
   was formerly the capital of   
Norway
Moved to Oslo, 1070 - 1299
Boe
   was formerly the capital of   
Guinea-Bissau
Moved back to Bissau, 1973 - 1974
Bolama
   was formerly the capital of   
Guinea-Bissau
Moved to Bissau, 1879 - 1941
Bonn
   was formerly the capital of   
West Germany
Moved to Berlin after re-unification of Germany, 1949 - 1990
Buda
   was formerly the capital of   
Hungary
Moved to Pozsony after part of the nation captured by Ottoman Empire, 1361 - 1536
Bukittinggi
   was formerly the capital of   
Indonesia
Moved to Jakarta, 1948 - 1949
Calcutta
   was formerly the capital of   
India
(British) Moved to New Delhi, 1772 - 1912
Cape Coast
   was formerly the capital of   
Ghana
Moved to Accra, 1664 - 1877
Cartago
   was formerly the capital of   
Costa Rica
Moved to San José, 1562 - 1823
Castletown
   was formerly the capital of   
Isle of Man
Moved to Douglas, 1090 - 1874
Cetinje
   was formerly the capital of   
Montenegro
Moved to Podgorica, 1482 - 1946
Chang'an
   was formerly the capital of   
China
Moved to Luoyang, c. 1046 BC - 722 BC
Chania
   was formerly the capital of   
Crete
Cretan State united with Greece, 1898 - 1913
Chiang Mai
   was formerly the capital of   
Thailand
Annexed by Siam, 1259 - 1939
Chongqing
   was formerly the capital of   
China
Moved back to Nanjing, 1937 - 1945
Chyhyryn
   was formerly the capital of   
Ukraine
Moved to Baturyn, 1648 - 1669
Coimbra
   was formerly the capital of   
Portugal
Moved to Lisbon, 1131 - 1255
Colombo
   was formerly the capital of   
Sri Lanka
Capital moved to Kotte, 1815 - 1982
Concepción
   was formerly the capital of   
Chile
Moved to Santiago, 1565 - 1575
Coro
   was formerly the capital of   
Venezuela
Moved to Caracas to prevent an invasion due to its large coastline., 1527 - 1578
Dar Es Salaam
   was formerly the capital of   
Tanzania
Moved to Dodoma, 1961 - 1996
Debrc
   was formerly the capital of   
Serbia
Moved to Belgrade, 1276 - 1289
Debre Berhan
   was formerly the capital of   
Ethiopia
Emperor returned to custom of a moving capital, 1456 - 1470
Diriyah
   was formerly the capital of   
Saudi Arabia
Moved to Riyadh after the Turks destroyed the city, 1744 - 1818
East Berlin
   was formerly the capital of   
East Germany
Berlin, country ceased to exist after re-unification of Germany, 1949 - 1990
Ecbatana
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Captured by Cyrus the Great, 728 BC - 550 BC
Florence
   was formerly the capital of   
Italy
Moved to Rome, 1865 - 1871
Frankfurt
   was formerly the capital of   
Germany
German Confederation was dissolved in 1866, 1815 - 1866
Gaegyeong
   was formerly the capital of   
Korea
Moved to Hanyang (Seoul) - fall of Goryeo Dynasty, 919 - 1392
Ganja
   was formerly the capital of   
Azerbaijan
After the victory at the Battle of Baku, the government switched the capital to Baku, 1918 - 1918
Ghazni
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Conquered by Seljuq dynasty, 963 - 1212
Gniezno
   was formerly the capital of   
Poland
Moved to Kraków, 10th century - 1038
Gondar
   was formerly the capital of   
Ethiopia
Moved to Addis Ababa, 1635 - late 19th century
Grand Bassam
   was formerly the capital of   
Côte D'Ivoire
Moved to Bingerville, 1893 - 1900
Guimarães
   was formerly the capital of   
Portugal
Moved to Coimbra, 1095 - 1131
Gungnae
   was formerly the capital of   
Korea
Moved to Pyongyang, 3 - 427
Gyeongju
   was formerly the capital of   
Korea
Fall of Silla, 57 BC - 935
Hangzhou
   was formerly the capital of   
China
Kublai Khan integrated China into the Mongol Empire, 1127 - 1279
Hanover
   was formerly the capital of   
Hanover
Hanover annexed by Prussia, 1814 - 1866
Hebron
   was formerly the capital of   
Israel
Moved to Jerusalem when the kingdom was reunited under King David, c.1007 BC - c.1000 BC
Heijo-kyo
   was formerly the capital of   
Japan
Moved to Nagaoka-kyo, 710 - 784
Hill of Tara
   was formerly the capital of   
Ireland
Ireland invaded by Normans, 6th century - 12th century
Hlukhiv
   was formerly the capital of   
Ukraine
Cossack Hetmanate lost its sovereignty, 1708 - 1722
Isfahan
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Moved to Mashhad, 1598 - 1736
Jabor
   was formerly the capital of   
Marshall Islands
Moved to Majuro, 1885 - 1944
James Town
   was formerly the capital of   
Barbados
Moved to Bridgetown - built on purpose, 1625 - 1628
Kandahar
   was formerly the capital of   
Afghanistan
Moved to Kabul, 1748 - 1772
Kandy
   was formerly the capital of   
Sri Lanka
Capital moved to Colombo, 1592 - 1815
Karachi
   was formerly the capital of   
Pakistan
Moved to Rawalpindi, 1947 - 1959
Kaunas
   was formerly the capital of   
Lithuania
Moved back to Vilnius, 1922 - 1940
Kharkiv
   was formerly the capital of   
Ukraine
Moved to Kiev, 1919 - 1934
Kiev
   was formerly the capital of   
Ukraine
Ukrainian People's Republic lost its sovereignty, 1917 - 1920
Kilkenny
   was formerly the capital of   
Ireland
Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, 1642 - 1651
Kolonia
   was formerly the capital of   
Micronesia
Moved to Palikir, 1914 - 1999
Koror
   was formerly the capital of   
Palau
Moved to Melekeok, 1994 - 2007
Kotte
   was formerly the capital of   
Sri Lanka
Capital moved to Kandy, 1415 - 1565
Kragujevac
   was formerly the capital of   
Serbia
Moved to Belgrade, 1818 - 1841
Kraków
   was formerly the capital of   
Poland
Moved to Warsaw, 1296 - 1596
Kutaisi
   was formerly the capital of   
Georgia
Moved back to Tbilisi, 978 - 1122
Kyoto
   was formerly the capital of   
Japan
Moved to Tokyo, 794 - 1868
Lagos
   was formerly the capital of   
Nigeria
Moved to Abuja, 1914 - 1976
Levuka
   was formerly the capital of   
Fiji
Moved to Suva, 1874 - 1877
Luang Prabang
   was formerly the capital of   
Laos
Abdication of King Savang Vatthana; the second capital, 1949 - 1975
Lublin
   was formerly the capital of   
Poland
De facto capital, 1944 - 1945
Luoyang
   was formerly the capital of   
China
Fall of the Han Dynasty marking the beginning of the Six Dynasties period, 25 - 220
Machynlleth
   was formerly the capital of   
Wales
Seat of Owain Glyndwar's self-proclaimed parliament. Capital declared to be Cardiff in 1955, 1404 - 1416
Malolos
   was formerly the capital of   
Philippines
Moved back to Manila after capture of Aguinaldo on 1901., 1898 - 1899
Manila
   was formerly the capital of   
Philippines
Liberation of the Philippines from the Japanese, 1943 - 1945
Mashhad
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Moved to Shiraz, 1736 - 1750
Mtskheta
   was formerly the capital of   
Georgia
Moved to Tbilisi, 3 BC - 5 AD
Nafplion
   was formerly the capital of   
Greece
Moved to Athens, 1821 - 1836
Nagaoka-kyo
   was formerly the capital of   
Japan
Moved to Kyoto, 784 - 794
Nanjing
   was formerly the capital of   
China
Moved to Beijing, 1368 - 1421
New York City
   was formerly the capital of   
United States
Moved to Philadelphia, 1785 - 1790
Nidaros
   was formerly the capital of   
Norway
Moved to Bergen, 997 - 1070
Nishapur
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Conquered by Saffarid dynasty, 821 - 873
Ohrid
   was formerly the capital of   
Bulgaria
Empire ceased to exist after Byzantine conquest, 992 - 1018
Orenburg
   was formerly the capital of   
Kazakhstan
Moved to Qyzylorda, 1920 - 1925
Palermo
   was formerly the capital of   
Sicily
Kingdom merged into the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, 1130 - 1816
Paraná
   was formerly the capital of   
Argentina
Moved to Buenos Aires, after the secessionist State of Buenos Ayres rejoined Argentina, 1853 - 1861
Pasargadae
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Capital moved to Susa by Cambyses II, 559 BC - 538 BC
Persepolis
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Captured by Alexander the Great and incorporated into Macedonian Empire, 515 BC - 331 BC
Philadelphia
   was formerly the capital of   
United States
Moved to Washington D. C., 1790 - 1800
Phnom Penh
   was formerly the capital of   
Cambodia
Annexed by France; moved to Saigon, 1863 - 1887
Pliska
   was formerly the capital of   
Bulgaria
Moved to Preslav, 681 - 893
Polonnaruwa
   was formerly the capital of   
Sri Lanka
Capital moved to Dambadeniya, 1055 - 1284
Poznan'
   was formerly the capital of   
Poland
Moved to Kraków, 10th century - 1038
Pressburg
   was formerly the capital of   
Hungary
The Capital was here because Turks captured Buda, in 1784 it was moved back to Buda, 1536 - 1784
Prizren
   was formerly the capital of   
Serbia
Moved to Skoplje, 1300 - 1345
Quezon City
   was formerly the capital of   
Philippines
Moved back to Manila via Presidential Decree No. 940. , 1948 - 1976
Qyzylorda
   was formerly the capital of   
Kazakhstan
Moved to Alma-Ata, 1926 - 1929
Ras
   was formerly the capital of   
Serbia
Capital of Serbian midieval state Raska moved to Debrc, 950 - 1200
Rawalpindi
   was formerly the capital of   
Pakistan
Moved to Islamabad, 1959 - 1967
Ribeira Grande
   was formerly the capital of   
Cape Verde
Moved to Praia, 1462 - 1770
Rio De Janeiro
   was formerly the capital of   
Brazil
Moved to Brasília, 1763 - 1960
Rio De Janeiro
   was formerly the capital of   
Portugal
Became capital of Portugal when the Portuguese king John VI moved to the colony of Brazil during the war with Napoleonic France in 1808, 1808 - 1815
Roskilde
   was formerly the capital of   
Denmark
Moved to Copenhagen, c.1020 - 1443
Russell
   was formerly the capital of   
New Zealand
Moved to Auckland, 1840 - 1841
Sabi
   was formerly the capital of   
Korea
Fall of Baekje, 538 - 660
Saint Petersburg
   was formerly the capital of   
Russia
Moved to Moscow, 1712 - 1918
Salalah
   was formerly the capital of   
Oman
Moved to Musqat, 1932 - 1970
Salerno
   was formerly the capital of   
Italy
Moved to Rome after the latter's liberation, 1944 - 1944
Salvador Da Bahia
   was formerly the capital of   
Brazil
Moved to Rio de Janeiro, 1549 - 1763
Samarkand
   was formerly the capital of   
Uzbekistan
Moved to Tashkent, 1925 - 1930
Santiago De Cuba
   was formerly the capital of   
Cuba
Moved to Havana, 1522 - 1589
Santiago De Los Caballeros
   was formerly the capital of   
Dominican Republic
Dominican Restoration War, 1863 - 1865
Scone
   was formerly the capital of   
Scotland
Moved to Edinburgh, 846 - 1452
Seleucia
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Moved to Antioch, 305 BC - 240 BC
Semey
   was formerly the capital of   
Kazakhstan
Entity named Kyrgyz ASSR established, capital moved to Orenburg, 1917 - 1920
Shiraz
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Moved to Tehran in the Qajar dynasty, 1750 - 1794
Simla
   was formerly the capital of   
India
Summer capital, 1850 - 1947
San Jose De Oruña
   was formerly the capital of   
Trinidad
Moved to Port of Spain, 1592 - 1783
Skopje
   was formerly the capital of   
Serbia
Capital of Serbian Empire, now capital of Republic of Macedonia, 1345 - 1371
Spanish Town
   was formerly the capital of   
Jamaica
Moved to Kingston, 1534 - 1872
St. George
   was formerly the capital of   
Bermuda
Moved to Hamilton, 1612 - 1815
Sukhothai
   was formerly the capital of   
Thailand
Moved to Ayutthaya after sacked by Ayutthaya, 1238 - 1438
Susa
   was formerly the capital of   
Iran
Capital moved to Persepolis by Darius, 538 BC - 515 BC
Taiz
   was formerly the capital of   
Yemen
Moved to San'a, 1948 - 1962
Thonburi
   was formerly the capital of   
Thailand
Moved to Bangkok after King Taksin was declared mad, 1767 - 1782
Toledo
   was formerly the capital of   
Spain
Moved to Madrid, 15th Century - 1561
Tulaghi
   was formerly the capital of   
Solomon Islands
Moved to Honiara, 1896 - 1942
Turin
   was formerly the capital of   
Italy
Moved to Florence, 1861 - 1865
Turku
   was formerly the capital of   
Finland
Moved to Helsinki, 1809 - 1812
Valencia
   was formerly the capital of   
Spain
Government of the Second Spanish Republic in the Spanish Civil War, 1936 - 1939
Valladolid
   was formerly the capital of   
Spain
Moved to Madrid, 1600 - 1606
Varaždin
   was formerly the capital of   
Croatia
Moved back to Zagreb,when a fire destroyed most of the city., 1756 - 1776
Vichy
   was formerly the capital of   
France
Capital of Vichy France régime, 1940 - 1944
Vladimir
   was formerly the capital of   
Russia
Moved to Moscow, 1169 - 1327
Vlorë
   was formerly the capital of   
Albania
Moved briefly to Durres and finally Tirana., 1912 - 1920
Winchester
   was formerly the capital of   
England
Moved to London (Kingdoms joined to become England), 927 - 1066
Yangon
   was formerly the capital of   
Myanmar
Moved to Naypyidaw, 1948 - 2005
Yogyakarta
   was formerly the capital of   
Indonesia
Allied invasion, moved to Bukittinggi, 1946 - 1948
Zomba
   was formerly the capital of   
Malawi
Moved to Lilongwe, 1880 - 1975


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