Films - Judy Garland
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Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm. Judy Garland (Baby Gumm), Mary Jane Gumm and Dorothy Virginia Gumm were variously billed as The Gumm sisters, The Garland sisters, The Vitaphone Kiddies, Ethel Meglin's Hollywood Wonder Kiddies and The Meglin Kiddies. Judy Garland made 5 short films prior to signing with MGM in the fall on 1935. Her film debut was in the 1929 short The Big Revue singing "That's The Good Old Sunny South" with her sisters Dorothy Virginia and Mary Jane . This is also the earliest known recording of Judy Garland singing. At this point, she and her sisters were known as 'The Gumm Sisters'. By the time they filmed the 1935 short La Fiesta de Santa Barbara they had changed their name to 'The Garland Sisters' and 'Baby Gumm was going by the name of Judy Garland. Her salary on signing with MGM was $100 per week.
Garland was honoured with an Academy Juvenile Award "for her outstanding performance as a screen juvenile during the past year" for this film and Oz.
The role of Barbara Jo was intended for Shirley Temple but 20th Century Fox refused to loan her for the movie.
(Aka The Starlet Review) Judy’s first film appearance. The film was made on June 11, 12, & 13, 1929 just after Judy's seventh birthday on June 10th. All of her film appearances in 1929-1930 were in short subjects. promoted as "The Big Revue" with "Ethel Meglin's Hollywood Wonder Kiddies"
Also starred Sophie Tucker. Judy danced with Ebsen in this feature. The following year, Ebsen was slated to play the Tin Man in the Wizard of Oz, but he was forced to withdraw when he became ill, nearly died, in fact, due to an allergic reaction to the aluminium powder used in the character’s face makeup. His vocals remain whenever the song "We're off to see the Wizard" is played.
This was Judy’s fourth appearance on film. The previous three were: The Big Revue, A Holiday in Storyland, and Jack and Jill. Bubbles' is a one-reel Vitaphone Variety, originally shot in Technicolor, but now only surviving in black and white. An all-kiddie musical, this short marks the earliest surviving screen appearance of Judy Garland with her sisters, billed as The Vitaphone Kiddies.
This was MGM's highest grossing film of 1948. The shedding feathered gown worn by Judy Garland when she dances with Fred Astaire in one number is an inside joke reference to Ginger Rogers' problematic gown dancing with Fred Astaire in Top Hat (1935). An ostrich feather broke loose from Ginger Rogers' elaborate gown and stubbornly floated in mid air around Astaire's face.
The title was originally The Ugly Duckling; it was subsequently changed to Swing Fever, and finally to Everybody Sing. Brice performed one of her famous Baby Snooks routines in this movie.
This short is notable for the former Baby Gumm’s first solo billing as Judy Garland. MGM used it to help them decide whether to keep the “hot” (jazzy) Judy or the “sweet” (quasi
This was the first film in which Judy Garland had her name billed before the title, which showed her growing importance and stature at MGM.
Angela Lansbury was often hissed at in public after this film was released, simply because she played Judy Garland's rival and Garland was so beloved by the public.
As The Gumm Sisters/ The Vitaphone Kiddies. Included the song "Blue Butterfly" (Baby Gumm - this is Judy Garland's first film solo).
Also Buster Keaton. Liza Minnelli appears in the final scene. She's the little girl with Van Johnson and her mother, Judy Garland.
Also starred Richard Widmark, Maximilian Schell and Montgomery Clift. Garland received Oscar and Golden Globe nominations for best supporting actress.
Andy plays a bullfighter in this short! There are also cameo appearances by Buster Keaton, Robert Taylor, Ida Lupino, Harpo Marx, Warner Baxter, Gary Cooper, and several others. This is the first time Judy was filmed in (the then new) 3-strip Technicolor. The short was basically an excuse to show off this new process. Several major stars, including Clark Gable and Randolph Scott, made brief appearances in the film solely to see how they would look in this new colour process. It was nominated for an Academy Award in 1936 for Best Short Subject (Color).Judy would not appear in another colour film until The Wizard Of Oz in 1939.
This was the only film appearance where the Gumm girls were billed as the Garland Sisters. Song: "La Cucharacha" (The Garland Sisters. The Garland Sisters appear in this MGM film, yet Judy was not "discovered" by MGM until one month later, especially since the Garland Sisters are listed fourth in the opening credits. Obviously, someone at MGM was aware of Judy's talent before her audition for L.B. Mayer in September 1935. This was the Garland (Gumm) Sister's last film together. Each sister gets a short solo in the song. Judy and her sisters sing about marijuana!
Astor would play Judy’s mother again six years later in Meet Me in St Louis.
Also starred Fay Holden, Cecilia Parker, Lana Turner and Ann Rutherford. Judy was injured in an auto accident on May 24, 1938, but despite three broken ribs and a punctured lung, she was back to the set on June 11.
Vincente Minnelli and Judy Garland met on this movie, and married soon afterwards.
This was Judy’s first feature film. MGM loaned her to Fox, because they couldn’t figure out how to use her! Haley later played the Tin Man to Judy’s Dorothy in the Wizard of Oz. To quote Roger Ebert, "I cannot recommend the movie, but ... why the hell can't I? Just because it's godawful? What kind of reason is that for staying away from a movie? Godawful and boring, that would be a reason." Betty Grable also featured in this movie.
Judy Garland missed 99 of the 135 shooting days due to illness. The film was a major financial bust upon release, eventually losing $2 million for MGM.
It is often cited as Garland's first film playing an adult type role (although For Me and My Gal, released the previous year, is also often credited thus).
Garland won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress.
Judy Garland is said to have been at the height of her drug addiction throughout filming, resulting in her weight changes, mood-swings, and unexplained illnesses. It was due to this behaviour that MGM fired her after filming completed.
Also starred Sophie Tucker. The first of Judy’s ten appearances with Mickey Rooney.
As The Gumm Sisters/ The Vitaphone Kiddies. An 8 min. short musical.
Although Judy Garland was always the favorite to play Dorothy, there were many other actresses in Hollywood who were also considered to play her. Among them were Shirley Temple, who was closer to the actual age of Dorothy and extremely popular at the time.
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