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Well known and significant battles and sieges

78 facts:

9
   was the year of the   
Battle of the Teutoburg Forest
Victory of Arminius over the Roman Legions under Varus
31 BC
   was the year of the   
Battle of Actium
Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra in a sea battle
202 BC
   was the year of the   
Battle of Zama
Final battle of the Second Punic War; Scipio defeats Hannibal
279 BC
   was the year of the   
Battle of Asculum
Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, lost most of his army in a victorious battle against the Romans, thus originating the term Pyrrhic victory
333 BC
   was the year of the   
Battle of Issus
Alexander defeats Darius III
410
   was the year of the   
Sack of Rome
Rome was attacked by the Visigoths led by Alaric I
480 BC
   was the year of the   
Battle of Salamis
Naval battle between an alliance of Greek city-states and the Achaemenid Empire of Persia
885
   was the year of the   
Siege of Paris
Unsuccessful Viking assault
1000
   was the year of the   
Battle of Svold
Olag Trygvasson, king of Norway is defeated by Sweyn Forkbeard, king of Denmark
1066
   was the year of the   
Battle of Hastings
A famous historical date engraved into the minds of English School Children. The Battle is depicted in the famous Bayeux tapestry.
1185
   was the year of the   
Battle of Dan-no-Ura
Japan's Gempei Wars, 1300 ships involved
1241
   was the year of the   
Battle of Sajo River
Main battle between the Mongol Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary during the Mongol invasion of Europe
1298
   was the year of the   
Battle of Falkirk
22nd July 1298. a major engagement in the First War of Scottish Independence. An English army commanded by King Edward I of England defeated the Scots under William Wallace. Despite his success King Edward was unable to complete the subjugation of Scotland because his army had been weakened by the campaign.
1314
   was the year of the   
Battle of Bannockburn
1346
   was the year of the   
Battle of Crecy
Edward III of England defeats French King Philip VI
1415
   was the year of the   
Battle of Agincourt
25th October 1415. Agincourt, France. War: Hundred Years' War. Combatants: England ¦ France. Outcome: English Victory
1429
   was the year of the   
Siege of Orleans
Joan of Arc
1453
   was the year of the   
Siege of Constantinople
160,000 Ottoman warriors overcome a much smaller Christian force and take the city
1513
   was the year of the   
Battle of Flodden Field
Fought in the county of Northumberland in northern England on 9 September 1513, between an invading Scots army under King James IV and an English army commanded by Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey. It ended in a victory for the English and a bloody defeat for the Scots and was the largest battle (in terms of numbers) fought between the two nations.
1529
   was the year of the   
Siege of Vienna
Sets limit to Ottoman expansion into Europe
1571
   was the year of the   
Battle of Lepanto
Christian Holy League defeats Ottomans in last major battle fought by oared galleys
1588
   was the year of the   
Battle of Gravelines
Defeat of the Spanish armada
1651
   was the year of the   
Battle of Worcester
Defeat for the Royalists ends the English Civil War.
1709
   was the year of the   
Battle of Malplaquet
Major battle in the War of the Spanish Succession; 40,000 killed
1714
   was the year of the   
Battle of Blenheim
Fought on 13 August 1704, was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession. referred to in some countries as the Second Battle of Höchstädt, fought on 13 August 1704, was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis XIV of France sought to knock Emperor Leopold out of the war by seizing Vienna, the Habsburg capital, and gain a favourable peace settlement. out of the war by seizing Vienna, the Habsburg capital, and gain a favourable peace settlement.
1746
   was the year of the   
Battle of Culloden
Shorties dad was in this one
1759
   was the year of the   
Battle of Minden
Anglo-German army defeat French army; Seven Year's War
1759
   was the year of the   
Battle of the Plains of Abraham
Sept 13, culminating battle between the French and the English for control of North America
1775
   was the year of the   
Battle of Bunker Hill
17th June 1775. Charlestown, Massachusetts. American War of Independence. Combatants: Great Britain ¦ Province of Massachusetts. Outcome: British Victory. Because most of the fighting did not occur on Bunker Hill itself, the conflict is sometimes more accurately (though less frequently) called the Battle of Breed's Hill.
1777
   was the year of the   
Battle of Saratoga
American victory over British general John Burgoyne
1781
   was the year of the   
Battle of Yorktown
1789
   was the year of the   
Storming of the Bastille
July 14, French mob storms this symbol of repression, thereby beginning the French Revolution
1798
   was the year of the   
Battle of the Pyramids
Battle of Embabeh between Napoleon's army and the Mamluk forces in Egypt
1800
   was the year of the   
Battle of Marenga
Napoleon's army against Austrian forces; subject of painting by Louis-François LeJeune
1805
   was the year of the   
Battle of Austerlitz
Also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of Napoleon Bonaparte's greatest victories, effectively destroying the Third Coalition against the French Empire. On December 2, 1805 (November 20, Old Style), a French army, commanded by Emperor Napoleon I, decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded by Tsar Alexander I, after nearly nine hours of difficult fighting.
1805
   was the year of the   
Battle of Trafalgar
Sea battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navy
1812
   was the year of the   
Battle of Salamanca
Anglo-Hispano-Portuguese army defeats French forces in the Peninsular War
1813
   was the year of the   
Battle of Dresden
Fought on 26-27 August 1813 around Dresden, Germany, resulting in a French victory under Napoleon I against forces of the Sixth Coalition of Austrians, Russians and Prussians under Field Marshal Schwartzenberg. However, Napoleon's victory was not as complete as it could have been. Substantial pursuit was not undertaken after the battle, and the flanking corps was surrounded and forced to surrender a few days later at the Battle of Kulm.
1815
   was the year of the   
Battle of New Orleans
Gen. Andrew Jackson defeated the British Army
1815
   was the year of the   
Battle of Waterloo
June 18, Napoleon Boneparte's last battle, Prussians turned up just like the Yanks, late.
1836
   was the year of the   
Siege on the Alamo
March 6, has come to symbolize heroic struggle against impossible odds. The actual battle lasted 1 hour.
1838
   was the year of the   
Battle of Blood River
Boers defeat Zulus; so called owing to the Ncome River turning red from blood
1854
   was the year of the   
Battle of Balaclava
Crimean War; scene of the famous Charge of the Light Brigade
1854
   was the year of the   
Siege of Sevastopol
Major siege during the Crimean War; subject of a Leo Tolstoy early book
1861
   was the year of the   
Siege on Fort Sumpter
April 12-13, opening shots of the American Civil War
1863
   was the year of the   
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1-3, American Civil War; total forces, 158,300; estimated casualties, 51,000
1876
   was the year of the   
Battle of the Little Bighorn
June 25-26, aka The Battle of the Greasy Grass and Custer's Last Stand
1876
   was the year of the   
Battle of the Rosebud
Lakota Sioux victory over the US Army; called by the Cheyenne the Battle Where the Girl Saved Her Brother
1879
   was the year of the   
Battle of Isandlwana
Opening major encounter in the Anglo-Zulu War; British humiliated by 20,000 Zulu's attacking 1,500 troops
1898
   was the year of the   
Battle of Manila Bay
Spanish-American War; US Asiatic Squadron destroys the Spanish fleet
1900
   was the year of the   
Battle of Ladysmith
One of the early engagements of the Second Boer War. A large British force which had concentrated at the garrison town of Ladysmith launched a sortie on 30 October, 1899, against Boer armies which were slowly surrounding the town. The result was a disaster for the British.
1905
   was the year of the   
Battle of Mukden
Last major land battle of the Russo-Japanese War
1914
   was the year of the   
Battle of the Ardennes
Aug 21-23, one of the battles of the frontiers in the first month of WWI. The Battle of the Ardennes was one of the opening battles of World War I. It took place from August 21-23, 1914, part of the Battle of the Frontiers.
1914
   was the year of the   
Battle of Flanders
(First Battle of Ypres) October - November 1914. Location: Ypres, Belgium WWI. Combatants: Germany ¦ United Kingdom, France. Outcome: German defeat. the last major battle of the first year of World War I (1914); actually a series of battles, starting on 19 October and ending, according to the various histories, on 13 November (French), 22 November (British) or 30 November (German)
1915
   was the year of the   
Battle of Gallipoli
19th February 1915 -9th January 1916. Gallipoli Peninsula. WWI. Combatants: Ottoman Empire ¦ United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, India, France. Outcome: Ottoman victory
1916
   was the year of the   
Battle of the Somme
An offensive by the British and French armies against the German army
1916
   was the year of the   
Battle of Verdun
Became a symbol of French determination and sacrifice in a multi-week battle against the Germans
1917
   was the year of the   
Battle of Cambrai
British launch the first massed tank attack
1917
   was the year of the   
Battle of Passchendaele
(Third Battle of Ypres) 31st July - 10th November 1917. Ypres, Belgium. WWI. Combatants: Germany ¦ United Kingdom, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa. Outcome: Stalemate
1918
   was the year of the   
Battle of Cantigny
First American offensive of World War I
1940
   was the year of the   
Battle of Britain
July 10-Oct 31, battle for air superiority between the German Luftwaffe and the British Royal Air Force
1940
   was the year of the   
Battle of Dunkirk
The defence and evacuation of British and Allied forces in Europe from May 26 to June 4, 1940. A large force of soldiers were cut off in northern France by a German armoured advance to the English Channel coast at Calais. 338,226 Allied troops caught in the pocket were successfully evacuated by sea to England.
1941
   was the year of the   
Siege of Sevastopol
From 30 Oct to 4 July, 1942, German struggle for control of Soviet Black Sea naval base
1942
   was the year of the   
Battle of El Alamein
The beginning of the end
1942
   was the year of the   
Battle of Guadalcanal
7th August 1942 - 9th February 1943. Guadalcanal, Pacific. WWII. Combatants: USA, Australia, New Zealand ¦ Japan. Outcome: Japanese Defeat
1942
   was the year of the   
Battle of Midway
June 4, pivotal naval battle in the Pacific in WWII between the US and Japan
1942
   was the year of the   
Battle of Stalingrad
Major battle of WWII in which Germany fought the Soviet Union for control of Stalingrad
1944
   was the year of the   
Battle of Arnhem
In World War II, during Operation Market Garden (September 1944), the British 1st Airborne Division and the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade were given the task of securing the bridge at Arnhem. These events were dramatized in the 1977 movie A Bridge Too Far.
1944
   was the year of the   
Battle of the Bulge
1944
   was the year of the   
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Largest naval battle of WWII; Japanese aircraft carry out organized kamikaze attacks
1945
   was the year of the   
Battle of Berlin
The final major offensive of the European Theatre of World War II and was designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union. 16th April 1945 - 2nd May 1945. Berlin, Germany. WWII. Combatants: Germany ¦ Soviet Union, Communist Poland. Outcome: German defeat.
1945
   was the year of the   
Battle of Iwo Jima
Feb 19-March 16, over 20,000 Japanese soldiers died; the last soldier surrendered in 1951
1945
   was the year of the   
Battle of Manila
Japanese military occupation of the city ends in the worst urban fighting of WWII's Pacific theatre
1950
   was the year of the   
Battle of Chosin Reservoir
Brutal 17-day battle in freezing weather during the Korean War
1968
   was the year of the   
Battle of Hué
One of the bloodiest and longest battles of the Vietnam War
1968
   was the year of the   
Battle of Khe Sanh
21 January to 8 April, series of attacks on hilltop US Marine base by North Vietnamese and Chinese forces
1982
   was the year of the   
Battle of Goose Green
27th-28th May 1982. Goose Green, Falkland Islands. Falklands War. Combatants: Britain ¦ Argentina. Outcome: British Victory
1941-44
   was the year of the   
Siege of Leningrad
Unsuccessful operation by German forces to capture Leningrad (Saint Petersburg)


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