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Egyptian Pharaohs

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The history dateline of the Pharaohs of Egypt have been retrieved from: the Palermo Stone, Turin Royal Canon, Manetho's Aegyptiaca, Abydos Kings List, the Karnak Tablet, the South Saqqara Stone and the Saqqara Tablet.

Sources: Wikipedia and Phouka.com

224 facts:

11th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Mentuhotep I Tepy-a
The Eleventh Dynasty was a local group with roots in Upper Egypt that ruled from 2134 to 1991 BC.
11th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nakhtnebtepnefer Intef III
The Eleventh Dynasty was a local group with roots in Upper Egypt that ruled from 2134 to 1991 BC.
11th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nebhetepre Mentuhotep II
Gained all Egypt 2040, Middle Kingdom begins. 2060–2010
11th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nebtawyre Mentuhotep IV
The Eleventh Dynasty was a local group with roots in Upper Egypt that ruled from 2134 to 1991 BC.
11th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sankhkare Mentuhotep III
The Eleventh Dynasty was a local group with roots in Upper Egypt that ruled from 2134 to 1991 BC.
11th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sehertawy Intef I
The Eleventh Dynasty was a local group with roots in Upper Egypt that ruled from 2134 to 1991 BC.
11th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Wahankh Intef II
The Eleventh Dynasty was a local group with roots in Upper Egypt that ruled from 2134 to 1991 BC.
12th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenemhat I
Amenemhat I moved the capital from Thebes to Itjtawy and was buried in el-Lisht.
12th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenemhat II
The most important monument of his reign are the fragments of an annal stone found at Memphis
12th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenemhat III
1860–1815
12th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenemhat IV
Had a co-regency lasting at least 1 year based on an inscription at Konosso. 1815–1807
12th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Senusret III
Most powerful of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs. 1878–1860
12th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sesostris I
He rebuilt the important temple of Re-Atum in Heliopolis
12th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sesostris II
1897–1878
12th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sobekneferu
A rare female ruler. 1807–1803
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ahmose I
Ahmosis I Successor to Kamose. 1550-1525
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenhotep I
1525-1504
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenhotep II
1425-1400
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenhotep III
The Magnificent King. His mortuary temple was the largest ever built, but was destroyed by Rameses II to build his own temple. 1390-1352
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenhotep IV / Akhenaten
Founder of brief period of monotheism (Atenism) His original name means "Amun is pleased." 1352-1334
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Hatshepsut
The second known female ruler, though quite possibly the seventh. 1473-1458
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Horemheb
Obliterated images of the Amarna queens and kings (all except Amenhotep III and Tiye). 1320-1292
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Kheperkheprure Ay
1324-1320
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferneferuaten
Female ruler; possibly Akhenaten's daughter Meritaten. 1335-1333
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Smenkhkare
Possible coregent with Akhenaten. 1334-1333
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Thutmose I
1504-1492
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Thutmose II
1492-1479
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Thutmose III
Often called the "Napoleon of Egypt." 1479-1425
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Thutmose IV
1400-1390
18th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Tutankhamun
Probably reinstated the polytheistic religion and the name change reflects the change in primary deity from Aten to Amun. 1333-1324
19th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenemses
His royal name was Menmire Setepenre. 1203-1200
19th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Merneptah
A stele describing his campaigns in Libya and Canaan contains the first known reference to the Israelites. 1213-1203
19th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Merneptah Siptah
His throne name, Userkheperure Setepenre, meant "Powerful are the Manifestations of Re, Chosen by Re. 1197-1191
19th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses I
His name is translated to "Ra bore him". 1292-1290
19th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses II the Great
The ruler usually associated with Moses; he reached a stalemate with the Hittites at the Battle of Kadesh in 1275 BC, after which the earliest known peace treaty was signed in 1258 BC. 1279-1213
19th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Seti I
"Man of Set, beloved of Ptah". 1290-1279
19th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Seti II
His throne name, Userkheperure Setepenre, meant "Powerful are the Manifestations of Re", Chosen by Re. 1203-1197
19th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Tausret
A rare female ruler also known as Tawosret in some places, she was probably the wife of Seti II. 1191-1190
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses III
Fought the Sea Peoples in 1175 BC. 1186-1155
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses IV
1155-1149
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses IX
1129-1111
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses V
1149-1145
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses VI
1145-1137
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses VII
1137-1130
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses VIII
1130-1129
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses X
1111-1107
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ramesses XI
Ended rule sharing power with High Priest of Amun Herihor. 1107-1077
20th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Setnakhte
- 1190-1186
21st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenemnisu
1051-1047
21st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amenemope
1001-992
21st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nesbanebdjed I
Also known as Smendes I 1077-1051
21st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Osorkon the Elder
992-986
21st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Psusennes I
1047-1001
21st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Psusennes II
967-943
21st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Siamun
986-967
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Harsiese
A rebel, at Thebes 880-860
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Osorkon I
922-887
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Osorkon II
872-837
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Osorkon IV
740-720
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Pami
785-778
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shoshenq I
The biblical Shishaq 943-922
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shoshenq II
887-885
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shoshenq III
837-798
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shoshenq IV
798-785
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shoshenq V
778-740
22nd Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Takelot I
885-872
24th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Bakenrenef
(Bocchoris) - 725-720
24th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Iuput I
812-811
24th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Osorkon III
Son of Takelot II - recovered Thebes, then proclaimed himself Pharaoh 795-767
24th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Pedubast
A rebel—seized Thebes from Takelot II 826-801
24th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Rudamun
765-762
24th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shoshenq VI
Successor to Pedubast 801-795
24th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Takelot II
Previously thought to be a 22nd Dynasty pharaoh, he is now known to be the founder of the 23rd 837-813
24th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Takelot III
773-765
24th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Tefnakhte
732-725
25th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Piye King of Nubia
Conquered Egypt in 20th year; full reign at least 24 years, possibly 30+ years 752-721
25th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shabaka
721-707
25th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shebitku
Synchronism with Sargon II of Assyria establshes his accession date at 707/706 BC 707-690
25th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Taharqa
690-664
25th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Tantamani
664-653
26th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ahmose II
570 – 526 BC
26th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Necho I
672 - 664 BC
26th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Necho II
610 – 595 BC
26th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Psammetichus III
526 – 525 BC
26th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Psamtik I
664 – 610 BC
26th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Psamtik II
595 – 589 BC
26th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Wahibre
589 – 570 BC
27th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Artabanus the Hyrcanian
According to Aristotle, Artabanus was responsible for the death of Crown Prince Darius. 465-464 BC
27th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Artaxerxes I Longhand
Allegedly because his right hand was longer than his left. 464 - 424 BC
27th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Cambyses II
525 – 521 BC
27th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Darius I the Great
Darius thoroughly revised the Persian system of administration and also the legal code 521 – 486 BC
27th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Darius II
Originally called 'Ochus' and often surnamed Nothus meaning "bastard". 424 - 404 BC
27th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Xerxes I the Great
He suppressed the revolts in Egypt and Babylon that had broken out the year before. 486 - 465 BC
28th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Amyrtaeus
Descendant of the Saite pharaohs of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty; led a successful revolt against the Persians 404 – 398 BC
29th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Hakor
His reign is important for the enormous number of buildings which he constructed and also extensive restoration work on the monuments of his royal antecedents. 393 - 380 BC
29th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nefaarud I
Also known as Nepherites 398 – 393 BC
29th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nefaarud II
He was the last pharaoh of the twenty-ninth dynasty. 380 BC
30th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nectanebo I
In 380 BC, Nectanebo deposed and killed Nefaarud II, starting the last dynasty of Egyptian kings. 380 - 362 BC
30th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nectanebo II
Last king of the Thirtieth dynasty of Egypt and also the last native Egyptian ruler of the country in antiquity. 360-343 BC
30th Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Teos of Egypt
He was overthrown by Nectanebo II with the aid of Agesilaus II of Sparta and was forced to flee to Persia by way of Arabia. 362- 360 BC
31st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Artaxerxes III
Egypt came under Persian rule for the second time 343–338 BC
31st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Artaxerxes IV Arses
Only reigned in Lower Egypt 338–336 BC
31st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Darius III Codomannus
Upper Egypt returned to Persian control in 335 BC 336–332 BC
31st Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Khababash
Leader of a Nubian revolt in Upper Egypt 338–335 BC
Archaic Period - Lower Egypt
    the Pharaoh was   
Hsekiu
Mentioned in the Palermo Stone inscriptions among a small number of kinds of Lower Egypt
Archaic Period - Lower Egypt
    the Pharaoh was   
Thesh
Mentioned in the Palermo Stone inscriptions among a small number of kinds of Lower Egypt
Archaic Period - Lower Egypt
    the Pharaoh was   
Tiu
Mentioned in the Palermo Stone inscriptions among a small number of kinds of Lower Egypt
Archaic Period - Lower Egypt
    the Pharaoh was   
Wadjenedj
Mentioned in the Palermo Stone inscriptions among a small number of kinds of Lower Egypt
Argead Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Alexander III the Great
Macedon conquered Persia and Egypt 332–323 BC
Argead Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Alexander IV of Macedon
Son of Alexander III the Great and Roxana 317–309 BC
Argead Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Philip III Arrhidaeus
Feeble-minded half-brother of Alexander III the Great 323–317 BC
Early Dynastic: Upper Egypt
    the Pharaoh was   
Iry-Hor
Ruled over Abydos and was buried in its local cemetery at Umm el-Qa'ab
Early Dynastic: Upper Egypt
    the Pharaoh was   
Ka
The earliest known Egyptian king witn a serekh inscibed on a number of artifacts\
Early Dynastic: Upper Egypt
    the Pharaoh was   
King Scorpion
The only pictorial evidence of his existence is the so-called Scorpion Macehead found in a temple at Nekhen
Early Dynastic: Upper Egypt
    the Pharaoh was   
Narmer
The king who combined Upper and Lower Egypt.[6] c. 3100
Early Dynastic: Upper Egypt
    the Pharaoh was   
Scorpion I
Oldest tomb at Umm el-Qa'ab had the scorpion and king nsignia
Eighth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferirkara
He is listed in line 56 of the Abydos King List as the last ruler of this dynasty prior to the collapse of the Old Kingdom
Eighth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkamin Anu
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List and the Turin Canon of Kings
Eighth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkara II
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List and the Turin Canon of Kings
Eighth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkara Pepyseneb
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List and the Turin Canon of Kings
Eighth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkawhor Khuwihap
He left behind the Koptos Decree stela which names his Vizier in Upper Egypt, a certain Shemay
Eighth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Qakare Ibi
His existence was establised by the discovery of his small pyramid in South Saqqara
Fifth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Djedkare Isesi
Ruled for 48 years. His throne name means "The Soul of Re Endureth."
Fifth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Menkauhor Kaiu
He was the last pharaoh to build a sun temple called Akhet-Re.
Fifth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferefre
Anarchaeological expedition discovered papyri of temple accounts, statues of the king, decorated plates and many seal prints
Fifth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferirkare Kakai
Started taxation on all people as a general rule
Fifth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nyuserre Ini
According to data, he ruled for only two weeks.
Fifth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sahure
His pyramid complex was the first built at the new royal burial ground at Abusir
Fifth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shepseskare Isi
His throne name means "Noble is the Soul of Re."
Fifth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Unas
He built a small pyramid at Saqqara, originally named "Beautiful are the places of Unas"
Fifth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Userkaf
First pharaoh to start the tradition of building sun temples at Abusir
First Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Anedjib
Ruled during a time of politicalo instability and dynastic conflict between Lower and Upper Egypt.
First Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Den
Was the first King to use the title "King of Two Lands" and wearing the double crowns (red and white)
First Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Djer
Ruled from Memphis. From the 18th Dynasty, his tomb as revered as the tomb of Osirus.
First Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Djet
Also known as Uenephes. His name means serpent
First Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Hor-Aha
Arguably the unifier of Upper and Lower Egypt c. 3050 BC
First Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Merneith
Was a Queen during the First Dynasty. Ruled until her husband Den was old enough to rule
First Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Qa'a
Royal steles depicting the king implies that Qa'a's reign was a fairly stable and prosperous period of time.
First Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Semerkhet
He ordered Anedjib's name scrubbed from numerous artifacts, but was he was later omitted from the Saqqara King List.
Fourth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Djedefra
Some believe that the sphinx of his wife, Hetepheres II, was the first sphinx created.
Fourth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Khafra
His pyramid is the second largest in Giza and has a sphinx as a monument built for him. 2558–2532
Fourth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Khufu
Built the great pyramid of Giza.
Fourth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Menkaura
His pyramid is the third and smallest in Giza. 2532–2503
Fourth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Shepseskaf
The last Egyptian Pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty
Fourth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sneferu
Built the first "true" pyramid, known as the Red Pyramid.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Achthoes I
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Acthoes II
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Khety I
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Menethoupe I
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Meribre Khety II
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Merykare
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkare III
In the Turin King List his name, Neferkare, is inscribed in the register 4.20.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Setut
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Wakhare Khety I
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Wankhare Khety II
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ninth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Wankhare Khety III
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna by Meryibra.
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ankhmakis
Revolutionary Pharaoh in the South 199-185 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Arsinoe I
Wife of Ptolemy II. 284/81-ca. 274 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Arsinoe II
Wife of Ptolemy II 277-270 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Arsinoe III
Wife of Ptolemy IV 220-204 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Arsinoe IV
In opposition to Cleopatra VII 48-47 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Berenice I
Wife of Ptolemy I. Co-Regency?-285 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Berenice II
Wife of Ptolemy III 244/3-222 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Berenice III
Forced to marry Ptolemy XI; murdered on his orders 19 days later 81-80 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Berenice IV
Daughter of Ptolemy XII; forced to marry Seleucus Kybiosaktes, but has him strangled 58–55 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Cleopatra I
Wife of Ptolemy V, co-regent with Ptolemy VI during his minority 193-176 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Cleopatra II
Married Ptolemy VIII; led revolt against him in 131 BC and became sole ruler of Egypt. 163-127 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Cleopatra III
Second wife of Ptolemy VIII 142-131 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Cleopatra IV
Shortly married to Ptolemy IX, but was pushed out by Cleopatra III 116-115 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Cleopatra VI
Daughter of Ptolemy XII ?-58 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Cleopatra VII
Jointly with her father Ptolemy XII, her brother Ptolemy XIII, her brother-husband Ptolemy XIV, and her son Ptolemy XV; also known simply as Cleopatra 51–30 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Cleopatra V Tryphaena
Wife of Ptolemy XII, mother of Berenice IV ?-57 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Hugronaphor
Revolutionary Pharaoh in the South 205-199 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy I
Abdicated in 285 BC; died in 283 BC 305–285 B
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy III (Euergetes I)
246–222 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy II (Philadelphos)
288–246 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy IV Philopator
222–204 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy IX Soter II
Ied 80 BC 116–110 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy Memphitis
Proclaimed King by Cleopatra II; soon killed by Ptolemy VIII 131 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy V Epiphanes
Upper Egypt in revolt 207–186 BC 204–180 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II
Proclaimed king by Alexandrians in 170 BC; ruled jointly with Ptolemy VI Philometor and Cleopatra II from 169 to 164 BC. Died 116 BC 171–163 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator
Proclaimed co-ruler by father; later ruled under regency of his mother Cleopatra II 145-144 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy VI Philometor
Abdicated. Died 145 BC 180–164 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy X Alexander I
Died 88 BC 110–109 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy XI Alexander II
Young son of Ptolemy X Alexander; installed by Sulla; ruled for 80 days before being lynched by citizens for killing Berenice III 80 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy XIII
Brother of Cleopatra VII 51–47 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos
Reigned briefly with his daughter Cleopatra VII before his death 55–51 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy XIV
Younger brother of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII 47–44 BC
Ptolemaic Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Ptolemy XV
Caesarion Infant son of Cleopatra VII; aged 3 when proclaimed co-ruler with Cleopatra 44–30 BC
Second Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Hotepsekhemwy
His name means "Pleasing in Powers." Little is known about his reign.
Second Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Khasekhemwy
His name means "The Two Powerful Ones Appear."
Second Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nynetjer
Ninetjer is mentioned on the Palermo Stone and is known from mud sealings found in an underground gallery at Saqqara which may have also been his tomb.
Second Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Raneb
He introduced the worship of the sacred goat Mendes
Second Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sekhemib-Perenmaat
Had lost control over Lower Egypt during his reign.
Second Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Senedj
He resided at Memphis. Little is known of his reign.
Second Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Seth-Peribsen
He was buried in Umm el-Qa'ab in Abydos, where a seal impression contains the first full sentence written in hieroglyphs.
Second Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Wneg
Wneg is mentioned on the Patermo Stone. Little is known about his reign.
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Djedkara Shemai
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Menkare
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkahor
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkamin Seneferka
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkare II
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkara I
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkara Khendu
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkara Nebi
His mother was apparently Queen Ankhesenpepi II, which would presumably make his father Pepi II Neferkare
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkara Tereru
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Netjerkare
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Seventh Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Nikara
His existence is only attested on the Abydos King List
Sixth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Merenre Nemtyemsaf I
Began a process of royal consolidation
Sixth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Merenre Nemtyemsaf II
Only reigned for a year and was murdered.
Sixth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neitiqerty Siptah
This king may have been confused in later years as a supposed female ruler Nitocris.
Sixth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Pepi II Neferkare
Succeeded to the throne at the age of six and is credited with having the longest reign of any monarch: 94 years.
Sixth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Pepi I Meryre
Pepi I's reign was marked by aggressive expansion into Nubia
Sixth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Teti
Also known as Othoes.
Tenth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Acthoes III
The Tenth Dynasty was a local group that held sway over Lower Egypt that ruled from 2130 to 2040 BC.
Tenth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Courtnie
The Tenth Dynasty was a local group that held sway over Lower Egypt that ruled from 2130 to 2040 BC.
Tenth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Meryhathor
The Tenth Dynasty was a local group that held sway over Lower Egypt that ruled from 2130 to 2040 BC.
Tenth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Merykare
The Tenth Dynasty was a local group that held sway over Lower Egypt that ruled from 2130 to 2040 BC.
Tenth Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Neferkare IV
The Tenth Dynasty was a local group that held sway over Lower Egypt that ruled from 2130 to 2040 BC.
Third Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Djoser
He commissioned the official, Imhotep, to build a Step Pyramid for him at Saqqara.
Third Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Huni
Is credited with building a great stepped pyramid at Meidum which was unfished at the time of his death
Third Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Khaba
Khaba is commonly associated with the Layer Pyramid, located at Zawyet el'Aryan
Third Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sanakhte
His name means "Strong Protection". Gained his position by marriage to a daugher of Khasekhemwy
Third Dynasty
    the Pharaoh was   
Sekhemkhet
Sekhemkhet's name means "Powerful in Body."


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