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Diet Deficiencies

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19 facts:

Abnormal Cholesterol Metabolism
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Chromium
Currently, niacin is the most widely prescribed treatment for elevated cholesterol. However, the megadoses necessary to obtain benefits are known to cause side effects. Studies have shown that chromium and niacin work synergistically, and together, can reduce cholesterol at doses that avoid niacin's side effects.
Anaemia
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Iron
Main symptoms are weakness, easy fatigue, and irritability.
Anaemia
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)
Vitamins and minerals are required to make red blood cells. In addition to iron, vitamin B12 and folate are required for the proper production of hemoglobin. Deficiency in any of these may cause anemia because of inadequate production of red blood cells.
Ariboflavinosis
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Most often seen in association with protein-energy malnutrition, and also in cases of alcoholism.
Beriberi
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Causes a nervous system ailment with symptoms including severe lethargy
Glucose Intolerance
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Chromium
Possible links to Adult onset diabetes
Goitre
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Iodine
A swelling in the neck (just below the Adam's apple or larynx) due to an enlarged thyroid gland.
Keshan Disease
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Selenium
A congestive cardiomyopathy. It can cause cardiac muscle degeneration in both children and women of child bearing age. Supplementation with selenium can cure this affliction. Selenium is toxic in high doses.
Korsakoff's Syndrome
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
A brain disorder caused by the lack of thiamine (vitamin B1) in the brain.
Neural Tube Defects
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)
Neural tube defects result in malformations of the spine (spina bifida), skull, and brain (anencephaly) during pregnancy. Pregnant mothers need to take adequate amounts during pregnancy to avoid neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
Night Blindness
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin A
Night blindness, officially known as nyctalopia, is inability to adapt to dark lighting conditions.
Osteomalacia
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin D
Osteomalacia is the general term for the softening of the bones due to defective bone mineralization. Osteomalacia in children is known as rickets, and because of this, the name osteomalacia is often restricted to the milder, adult form of the disease. Vitamin D may be absorbed from food or may be produced by the skin when the skin is exposed to sunlight.
Osteoporosis
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Calcium
A disease of bone that leads to an increased risk of fracture. Lack of vitamins C, D & K are less common causes
Pellagra
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
Deficiency also in the protein tryptophan as it be converted by the body to Niacin and prevent Pellagra. The main results of pellagra can easily be remembered as "the four D's": diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, and death
Pernicious Anaemia
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin B12
Vitamins and minerals are required to make red blood cells. In addition to iron, vitamin B12 and folate are required for the proper production of hemoglobin. Deficiency in any of these may cause anemia. This type is not strictly caused by a dietary deficiency, some people can't readily absorb B-12. The result is B-12 deficiency (pernicious anemia).
Rickets
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Calcium
Rickets is a disorder primarily caused by lack of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate, which leads to softening and weakening of the bones.
Rickets
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin D
Rickets is a disorder primarily caused by lack of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate, which leads to softening and weakening of the bones. Vitamin D may be absorbed from food or may be produced by the skin when the skin is exposed to sunlight.
Scurvy
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin C
Vitamin C is required for the synthesis of collagen in humans
Xeropthalmia
   can be caused by deficiency of   
Vitamin A
When xeropthalmia is due to vitamin A deficiency, the condition begins with night blindness and conjunctival xerosis (dryness of the eye membranes) and progresses to corneal xerosis (dryness of the cornea), and, in the late stages, to keratomalacia (softening of the cornea) .


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