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Classical Composer - Nationality

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132 facts:

Aaron Copland
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
1900-1990; best known for Appalachian Spring
Alban Berg
   was born in   
Austria
20th century composer
Alberto Ginastera
   was born in   
Argentina
20th century composer
Albert Roussel
   was born in   
France
1869-1937
Alexander Borodin
   was born in   
Russia
1833-1887; Romantic composer
Alexander Scriabin
   was born in   
Russia
1872-1915; Romantic composer
Alan Hovhaness
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
Prolific 20th century composer of Armenian and Scottish descent
Amy Beach
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
1867-1944; composer and pianist
Anton Bruckner
   was born in   
Austria
Late Romantic composer of large-scale symphonies and sacred works
Antonio Soler
   was born in   
Spain
1729-1783; works for harpsichord and organ
Antonio Vivaldi
   was born in   
Italy
1678-1741; known as the "Red Priest"; composer of the Four Seasons
Antonín Dvorak
   was born in   
Czech Republic
1841-1904; Romantic composer
Aram Khachaturian
   was born in   
Armenia
20th century; Gayane Ballet
Arnold Schoenberg
   was born in   
Austria
20th century modernist composer
Arthur Foote
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
1853-1937, pianist, composer & pedagogue
Arthur Honegger
   was born in   
France
1892-1955; born in France of Swiss parents
Arvo Pärt
   was born in   
Estonia
B. 1935
Bedrich Smetana
   was born in   
Czech Republic
1824-1884; nationalistic composer; composed The Bartered Bride
Benjamin Britten
   was born in   
England
1913-1976; composer of opera and The War Requiem
Béla Bartók
   was born in   
Hungary
20th century composer and ethnomusicologist
Bohuslav Martinu
   was born in   
Czech Republic
Emigrated to the U.S. in 1941, died in Switzerland
Buxton Orr
   was born in   
Scotland
1924-1997, Conductor & composer of songs, chamber music, works for brass & wind band and a one-act opera, "The Wager"
Camille Saint-Saëns
   was born in   
France
1835-1921
Carl Friedrich Abel
   was born in   
Germany
1723-1787, was one of the most renowned viola da gamba players of his day
Carl Nielsen
   was born in   
Denmark
1865-1931; composer of six symphonies
Carl Orff
   was born in   
Germany
20th century composer best known for Carmina Burana
Carlos Chávez
   was born in   
Mexico
20th century composer
Charles-Marie Widor
   was born in   
France
Romantic composer of organ works
Claude Debussy
   was born in   
France
1862-1918; composer of "impressionistic" pieces
Claude Le Jeune
   was born in   
France
C1528-1600, composer of numerous secular chansoms, a Magnificant, a mass and 3 instrumental fantasias
Cláudio Santoro
   was born in   
Brazil
20th century composer and violinist
Conlon Nancarrow
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
Born in US but known for his work in Mexico; wrote many pieces for player piano
César Franck
   was born in   
Belgium
Romantic era composer and organist
Daniel Alomía Robles
   was born in   
Peru
1871-1942; best known for El Cóndor Pasa
Darius Milhaud
   was born in   
France
1892-1974; member of "Les Six"; used jazz elements in his music
Dmitri Shostakovich
   was born in   
Russia
20th century composer of 15 symphonies
Edvard Grieg
   was born in   
Norway
1843-1907; best known for the Peer Gynt incidental music
Edward Elgar
   was born in   
England
1857-1934; Romantic composer, best known for The Enigma Variations and the Pomp and Circumstance Marches
Einojuhani Rautavaara
   was born in   
Finland
Modern mystical composer
Ernest Bloch
   was born in   
Switzerland
1880-1959, composed the opera "Macbeth"
Ernst Bacon
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
1898-1990, he won a Pulitzer Fellowship in 1932 for his Symphony in D minor
Esa-Pekka Salonen
   was born in   
Finland
B. 1958; composer and prominent conductor
Felix Mendelssohn
   was born in   
Germany
1809-1847; Romantic composer
Fernando Lopes-Graça
   was born in   
Portugal
1906-1994; influenced by Portuguese popular music
Fernando Sor
   was born in   
Spain
Classical era composer for the guitar
Francis Poulenc
   was born in   
France
1899-1963; member of "Les Six"
François Couperin
   was born in   
France
1668-1733
Franz Joseph Haydn
   was born in   
Austria
Father of the modern symphony and the string quartet
Franz Liszt
   was born in   
Hungary
1811-1886; Romantic composer and pianist
Franz Schubert
   was born in   
Austria
Classical/Romantic composer, writer of many songs (lieder)
Fryderyk Chopin
   was born in   
Poland
Romantic composer of piano music; lived much of his life in Paris
Gabriel Fauré
   was born in   
France
Romantic composer mostly known for his chamber works and for his Requiem
Gaetano Donizetti
   was born in   
Italy
Opera composer best known for Lucia di Lammermoor and The Elixir of Love
Gaspar Sanz
   was born in   
Spain
Baroque composer of guitar pieces
George Enescu
   was born in   
Romania
1881-1955; spent much of his life in France
George Frideric Handel
   was born in   
Germany
Baroque composer; composer of The Messiah
George Gershwin
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
Classical, Broadway and jazz works
Georges Bizet
   was born in   
France
Romantic composer best known for the opera Carmen
Georgi Catoire
   was born in   
Russia
1861-1926, his output included 2 symphonies, a piano concerto, choral works, songs & chamber music
Georgi Tutev
   was born in   
Bulgaria
1924-1994; representative of Bulgarian modernism
Georg Philipp Telemann
   was born in   
Germany
Baroque composer
Giacomo Puccini
   was born in   
Italy
Late Romantic opera composer
Gioacchino Rossini
   was born in   
Italy
Opera composer best known for The Barber of Seville
Giuseppe Verdi
   was born in   
Italy
1813-1901; composer of many well-known operas
Guillaume De Machaut
   was born in   
France
1300-1377
Gustav Holst
   was born in   
England
1874-1934; best known for the Planets Suite
Gustav Mahler
   was born in   
Austria
Composer of large-scale symphonies and conductor of the Metropolitan Opera
György Ligeti
   was born in   
Romania
20th century composer; also lived in Hungary and was an Austrian citizen
Hector Berlioz
   was born in   
France
1803-1869; most famous for the Symphonie Fantastique
Heitor Villa-Lobos
   was born in   
Brazil
1887-1959; Bachianas brasileiras
Henryk Górecki
   was born in   
Poland
B. 1933; best known for Symphony of Sorrowful Songs
Henry Purcell
   was born in   
England
Baroque era composer
Hildegard Von Bingen
   was born in   
Germany
1098-1179; early sacred music
Howard Hanson
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
1896-1981; composer, conductor and music theorist
Igor Stravinsky
   was born in   
Russia
Influential neo-classical composer; The Rite of Spring
Isaac Albéniz
   was born in   
Spain
Romantic era composer
Jean Sibelius
   was born in   
Finland
1865-1957; nationalistic composer of seven symphonies and several tone poems
Joaquín Rodrigo
   was born in   
Spain
1901-1999; known best for the Concierto de Aranjuez
Johannes Brahms
   was born in   
Germany
1833-1897; Romantic composer
Johann Pachelbel
   was born in   
Germany
Baroque composer best known for Canon in D
Johann Sebastian Bach
   was born in   
Germany
1685-1750; one of the best loved composers of all time
Johann Strauss II
   was born in   
Austria
Waltz king
John Adams
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
B. 1947; minimalist composer best known for his opera Nixon in China
John Cage
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
20th century experimental composer
John Dowland
   was born in   
England
1563-1626; singer, composer and lutenist
John Field
   was born in   
Ireland
1782-1837; Romantic composer and pianist
John Lamb
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
B.1935, he composed in many forms, such as works for solo instruments, dramatic works and the occassional civil rights protest songs
John Tavener
   was born in   
England
B. 1944; knighted in 2000 for his service to music
Jorge Urrutia
   was born in   
Chile
1905-1981; composer of ballet and symphonic poems; influenced by Ravel and Debussy
Josquin Desprez
   was born in   
France
C. 1450-1521
Juan Arriaga
   was born in   
Spain
Romantic composer nicknamed the Spanish Mozart; died at 19
Jules Massenet
   was born in   
France
1842-1912; primarily a composer of operas
Krzysztof Penderecki
   was born in   
Poland
B. 1933
Leonard Bernstein
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
1918-1990; composer and conductor
Leos Janacek
   was born in   
Czech Republic
1854-1928; neoclassical composer of orchestral music and opera
Luciano Berio
   was born in   
Italy
1925-2003
Ludwig Van Beethoven
   was born in   
Germany
1770-1827; considered the first Romantic composer
Luigi Boccherini
   was born in   
Italy
18th century composer
Manuel De Falla
   was born in   
Spain
Best known for the Three Cornered Hat
Maurice Ravel
   was born in   
France
1875-1937; best known for the popular "Bolero"
Michael Praetorius
   was born in   
Germany
Baroque composer and organist
Modest Mussorgsky
   was born in   
Russia
Best known for Pictures at an Exhibition
Niccolò Paganini
   was born in   
Italy
1782-1840; composer and legendary violinist
Nicolas Economou
   was born in   
Cyprus
20th century composer and conductor
Olivier Messiaen
   was born in   
France
1908-1992; modernist composer
Oskar Morawetz
   was born in   
Czech Republic
1917-2007; Known as a Canadian composer. Escaped Czechoslovakia and fled to Canada in 1940.
Ottorino Respighi
   was born in   
Italy
1879-1936; best known for The Pines of Rome and The Fountains of Rome
Pablo De Sarasate
   was born in   
Spain
1844-1908; composer and violinist
Paul Hindemith
   was born in   
Germany
1895-1963; composer, conductor and theorist
Philip Glass
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
B. 1937; minimalist composer
Pyotr Ilych Tchaikovsky
   was born in   
Russia
Influential Romantic composer famous for his ballets and his later symphonies
Ralph Vaughan Williams
   was born in   
England
1872-1958; composer of symphonies, operas, vocal and chamber music
Reinhold Glière
   was born in   
Ukraine
Orchestral works, ballets, concertos and vocal works
Richard Strauss
   was born in   
Germany
1864-1949; composer of tone poems and operas
Richard Wagner
   was born in   
Germany
Opera composer of the Ring Cycle and Tristan und Isolde, others
Robert Schumann
   was born in   
Germany
1810-1856; Romantic composer
Samuel Barber
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
1910-1981; best known for the Adagio For Strings
Sergei Prokoviev
   was born in   
Ukraine
1891-1953; 20th century master of various genres
Sergei Rachmaninoff
   was born in   
Russia
1873-1943, pianist & conductor, he wrote 4 piano concerti, of which No.2(in Cminor) and No.3 (in D minor) are played constantly and are world renowned
Silvestre Revueltas
   was born in   
Mexico
1899-1940
Simon Gjoni
   was born in   
Albania
1926-1991; orchestral and piano pieces"
Sérgio Azevedo
   was born in   
Portugal
B. 1968; prolific contemporary composer
Ástor Piazzolla
   was born in   
Argentina
Tango composer credited with expanding tango music to the concert realm
Stuart Leathem
   was born in   
Ireland
B. 1980; contemporary composer of electro-acoustic music
Tomaso Albinoni
   was born in   
Italy
1671-1751, singer, and notably a violinist and composer of 81 operas
Vincenzo Bellini
   was born in   
Italy
Opera composer of the early 19th century; best known opera, Norma
Walter Piston
   was born in   
The U.S.A.
1894-1976, teacher & writer, awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1934, 2 Pulitzer prizes for his 3rd(1948) & 7th(1960) symphonies
William Mundy
   was born in   
England
C1529-c1591, composer of sacred vocal music
William Walton
   was born in   
England
1902-1983; best known for his Viola Concerto, also wrote film music
Witold Lutoslawski
   was born in   
Poland
1913-1994
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
   was born in   
Austria
1756-1791
Zoltán Kodály
   was born in   
Hungary
1882-1967; composer and ethnomusicologist


Facts contributed by:


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