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37 facts:

Allele
   means   
One Version of a Particular Gene
Gene variant. Each human cell has two copies of each gene. Those two copies are often different from each other because they have slightly different orders of genetic letters. Each copy is an allele.
Amber
   means   
Fossil Tree Resin
Many extinct organisms are found in amber
Ambergris
   means   
A Waxy Substance Ejected by Whales
Used in perfumes to 'fix' scent and slow evaporation
Amoeba
   means   
A One-celled Organism
Reproduces by dividing (binary fission)
Biosynthesis
   means   
The Production of Cellular Material
Carbohydrates
   means   
The Major Energy Source Within Plants and Animals
Sugars, starches and glucose polymers.
Carbon
   means   
The Basic Element in All Organic Compounds
Carnivores
   means   
Animals That Only Eat Meat
E.g. sharks and cats
Cell
   means   
The Smallest Independent Part of an Organism
Chlorophyll
   means   
The Green Pigmentation of Plants
Acts to turn sunlight into energy
Cytosol
   means   
A Jelly-like Substance Within Cells
Deciduous
   means   
Things That Shed or Fall off
Leaves dropping from trees, animals losing antlers
DNA
   means   
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Enzymes
   means   
Proteins That Control Specific Processes Within the Body
Evolution
   means   
Natural Selection, the Survival of the Fittest
The driving force behind evolution and is measured by a species viability and fecundity
Fats
   means   
Molecules of Fatty Acids or Glycerol
Used as a food store, insulation and for shock absorption.
Fecund
   means   
Capable of Reproduction
Also, fertile, as in soil
Fossil
   means   
Remains or Imprint of Ancient Life
Remnants of an organism embedded geologically. Leaves observed in rock faces are fossils
Gene
   means   
Section of DNA Composed of Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine & Thymine
Genome
   means   
The Collective Noun for a Set of Genes
The human genome contains 100,000 genes.
Haemoglobin
   means   
Oxygen-carrying Protein Cells in Blood
Gives blood its red colour.
Herbivores
   means   
Animals That Only Eat Plants
E.g. cows and sheep
Host
   means   
That on Which Another Organism Lives
A dog is host to a flea
Inheritance
   means   
The Features of an Organism Determined by a Set of Chromosomes
Invertebrate
   means   
Without a Backbone
Mitochondria
   means   
Organelles That Convert Glucose Into Energy
Mother
   means   
A Stringy Slimy Substance Consisting of Yeast Cells & Bacteria
Vinegar catalyst. Yeast cells and bacteria added to wine or cider to produce vinegar
Myopia
   means   
Nearsightedness
Images are focused in front of the retina rather than on it
Nacre
   means   
Internal Layer of Molluscs
Pearls are formed in oysters when nacre forms around a foreign object in the shell
Omnivore
   means   
Animals That Eat Meat and Plants
E.g. marmosets
Organelles
   means   
Specialized Organs Within Cells
Parasite
   means   
Organism That Lives off Another
Lice are parasites
Photo-synthesis
   means   
The Conversion of Water & Carbon-dioxide by Plants Into Glucose & Oxygen
Light is used as an energy source.
Proteins
   means   
Amino Acid Polymers
With specific biological functionsspecially the growth, regeneration and repair of cells.
Reproduction
   means   
The Process by Which a New Organism is Produced
Vertebrate
   means   
Having a Backbone
True of only three percent off all species, namely, fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals
Zygote
   means   
A Fertilised Egg, the Fusion of a Male and Female Gamete


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