Battles and Sieges
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Victory of Arminius over the Roman Legions under Varus
Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra in a sea battle
Julius Caesar defeats the Gallic army of Vercingetorix
Romans burn Corinth consolidating their Mediterranean power
Final battle of the Second Punic War; Scipio defeats Hannibal
450,000 Zhao soldiers encircled and massacred
Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, lost most of his army in a victorious battle against the Romans, thus originating the term Pyrrhic victory
Also called Battle of Arbela; Alexander defeats the Persians
Alexander defeats Darius III
Alexander defeats the Greeks
Rome was attacked by the Visigoths led by Alaric I
Defeat of the Athenians at Syracuse
Victory of Roman general Aëtius with his Gothic allies over the Huns
Persians are expelled from Greece, led by Spartan general Pausanias
Naval battle between an alliance of Greek city-states and the Achaemenid Empire of Persia
Franks defeat King Sigismund in the conquest of the Burgundian kingdom
Aka Battle of the Camel, or Battle of Jamal was a battle that took place at Basra, Iraq in 656 between forces allied to Ali ibn Abi Talib (Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Rightly Guided Caliph and Commander of the Faithful) and forces allied to Aisha (widow of Muhammad, and called Mother of the Belivers(Arabic: Umm-al-Mu'mineen) who wanted justice on the perpetrators of the assassination of the previous caliph Uthman.
Aka Battle of Basorah, Battle of the Camel, or Battle of Jamal was a battle that took place at Basra, Iraq in 656 between forces allied to Ali ibn Abi Talib (Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Rightly Guided Caliph and Commander of the Faithful) and forces allied to Aisha (widow of Muhammad, and called Mother of the Belivers(Arabic: Umm-al-Mu'mineen) who wanted justice on the perpetrators of the assassination of the previous caliph Uthman.
Muhammad's grandson, Husain bin Ali, his family and followers are massacred
Makes Pepin the effective ruler of the Franks
Arabs fail a second time to take the city
Moslem defeat at Tours under leadership of Charles Martel
Alfred the Great, king of Wessex defeats the Danes
Unsuccessful Viking assault
Saxon King Otto I defeats the Magyars
Olag Trygvasson, king of Norway is defeated by Sweyn Forkbeard, king of Denmark
A famous historical date engraved into the minds of English School Children. The Battle is depicted in the famous Bayeux tapestry.
The Seljuk Turks defeat Byzantine emperor Romanus IV
Crusader victory during the First Crusade against the Seljuk Turks
Northern Italy emperor Frederick Barbarosa defeated by Lombard League
One of the most famous battles of the Genpei Wars
Japan's Gempei Wars, 1300 ships involved
Turning point in the Crusades as Crusaders suffer a crushing defeat
Preliminary battle in Richard the Lion Heart's failed plans to capture Jerusalem
Main battle between the Mongol Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary during the Mongol invasion of Europe
14th May 1264. Lewes, England. Second Barons' War. Combatants: Barons ¦ Royalists. Outcome: Royalist defeat. The Battle of Lewes was one of two main battles of the conflict known as the Second Barons' War. It took place at Lewes in Sussex, on 14 May 1264. It marked the high point of the career of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, and made him the "uncrowned King of England".
22nd July 1298. a major engagement in the First War of Scottish Independence. An English army commanded by King Edward I of England defeated the Scots under William Wallace. Despite his success King Edward was unable to complete the subjugation of Scotland because his army had been weakened by the campaign.
Swiss Confederation forces ambush and defeat Austrian soldiers of the Holy Roman Empire
Fought between the city of Berne and Swiss confederates against the Habsburg and Burgundian feudal lords
Edward III of England defeats French King Philip VI
Fought on July 9 between Leopold III, Duke of Austria and the Old Swiss Confederacy
25th October 1415. Agincourt, France. War: Hundred Years' War. Combatants: England ¦ France. Outcome: English Victory
160,000 Ottoman warriors overcome a much smaller Christian force and take the city
The Italian wars; Spanish defeat the French army
Feb 2,3; sea battle off the coast of Diu, India between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire
Fought in the county of Northumberland in northern England on 9 September 1513, between an invading Scots army under King James IV and an English army commanded by Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey. It ended in a victory for the English and a bloody defeat for the Scots and was the largest battle (in terms of numbers) fought between the two nations.
Sept 8; Lithuania and Poland versus the Grand Duchy of Moscow
Northern Italy; French king Francis I is taken prisoner by Habsburg emperor Charles V
Ottoman sultan Suleiman I defeats Hungarians
Sets limit to Ottoman expansion into Europe
Naval encounter between France and England; English warship Mary Rose sinks of Portsmouth
Between French Catholics and Huguenots
Christian Holy League defeats Ottomans in last major battle fought by oared galleys
King Sebastian of Portugal is killed in an invasion of North Africa
Defeat of the Spanish armada
Ferdinand's Catholic imperial forces crush Bohemian rebels outside Prague
1627 - 1628. Forced to eat rats and dogs to survive, less than one-quarter of the human population survived and even less of the rats and dogs.
Defeat for the Royalists ends the English Civil War.
Anglo-Dutch Wars; one of the longest naval battles in history with over 2000 English seamen killed
Aka the Second Battle of Höchstädt), fought on 13 August 1704, was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession. referred to in some countries as the Second Battle of Höchstädt, fought on 13 August 1704, was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis XIV of France sought to knock Emperor Leopold out of the war by seizing Vienna, the Habsburg capital, and gain a favourable peace settlement.
Major battle in the War of the Spanish Succession; 40,000 killed
Decisive triumph of Russia over Sweden at Pultowa
Prussians defeated by combined army of Russians and Austrians; Seven Year's War
Anglo-German army defeat French army; Seven Year's War
Sept 13, culminating battle between the French and the English for control of North America
The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, also known as the Battle of Quebec, was a pivotal battle in the Seven Years' War
17th June 1775. Charlestown, Massachusetts. American War of Independence. Combatants: Great Britain ¦ Province of Massachusetts. Outcome: British Victory. Because most of the fighting did not occur on Bunker Hill itself, the conflict is sometimes more accurately (though less frequently) called the Battle of Breed's Hill.
American victory over British general John Burgoyne
Major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War
Waged between the Kingdom of Mysore in India and the British East India Company which took heavy casualties
Last major land battle in North America of the American War of Independence; a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British lord and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis.
English naval victory over the French fleet in the American Revolutionary War
July 14, French mob storms this symbol of repression, thereby beginning the French Revolution
Forces of the French army stop a Prussian army advance on Paris
Republican victory over Royalist rebellion in Southern French city; young Napoleon rise
Aka, Battle of Embabeh between Napoleon's army and the Mamluk forces in Egypt
Napoleon's army against Austrian forces; subject of painting by Louis-François LeJeune
Also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of Napoleon Bonaparte's greatest victories, effectively destroying the Third Coalition against the French Empire. On December 2, 1805 (November 20, Old Style), a French army, commanded by Emperor Napoleon I, decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded by Tsar Alexander I, after nearly nine hours of difficult fighting.
Sea battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navy
Decisive victory by Napoleon over Russians
Peninsular War; a single British division defeated two French divisions
Anglo-Hispano-Portuguese army defeats French forces in the Peninsular War
Oct 26; decisive victory by French Canadian militia and Mohawk warriors over American forces trying to capture Montreal
Fought on 26-27 August 1813 around Dresden, Germany, resulting in a French victory under Napoleon I against forces of the Sixth Coalition of Austrians, Russians and Prussians under Field Marshal Schwartzenberg. However, Napoleon's victory was not as complete as it could have been. Substantial pursuit was not undertaken after the battle, and the flanking corps was surrounded and forced to surrender a few days later at the Battle of Kulm.
Gen. Andrew Jackson defeated the British Army
June 18, Napoleon Boneparte's last battle
Chilean War of Independence; defeat for the Spanish-controlled government
Texan army defeats Mexican forces of General Santa Anna
March 6, has come to symbolize heroic struggle against impossible odds
Boers defeat Zulus; so called owing to the Ncome River turning red from blood
Chilean troops decisively defeat the Peru-Bolivian Confederation
Crimean War; scene of the famous Charge of the Light Brigade
Major siege during the Crimean War; subject of a Leo Tolstoy early book
April 12-13, opening shots of the American Civil War
May 5, Cinco de Mayo; victory of Mexican forces over occupying French army
July 1-3, American Civil War; total forces, 158,300; estimated casualties, 51,000; high tide for the Confederacy
June 25-26, aka The Battle of the Greasy Grass and Custer's Last Stand
Lakota Sioux victory over the US Army; called by the Cheyenne the Battle Where the Girl Saved Her Brother
Opening major encounter in the Anglo-Zulu War; British humiliated
Spanish-American War; US Asiatic Squadron destroys the Spanish fleet
One of the early engagements of the Second Boer War. A large British force which had concentrated at the garrison town of Ladysmith launched a sortie on 30 October, 1899, against Boer armies which were slowly surrounding the town. The result was a disaster for the British.
Last major land battle of the Russo-Japanese War
Aug 21-23, one of the battles of the frontiers in the first month of WWI. The Battle of the Ardennes was one of the opening battles of World War I. It took place from August 21-23, 1914, part of the Battle of the Frontiers.
Took place in the city of Basra (modern-day Iraq) between British and Ottoman troops on December 10, 1914. The battle resulted in the British capture of Basra.
(First Battle of Ypres) October - November 1914. Location: Ypres, Belgium WWI. Combatants: Germany ¦ United Kingdom, France. Outcome: German defeat. the last major battle of the first year of World War I (1914); actually a series of battles, starting on 19 October and ending, according to the various histories, on 13 November (French), 22 November (British) or 30 November (German)
19th February 1915 -9th January 1916. Gallipoli Peninsula. WWI. Combatants: Ottoman Empire ¦ United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, India, France. Outcome: Ottoman victory
An offensive by the British and French armies against the German army
Became a symbol of French determination and sacrifice in a mult-week battle against the Germans
British launch the first massed tank attack
(Third Battle of Ypres) 31st July - 10th November 1917. Ypres, Belgium. WWI. Combatants: Germany ¦ United Kingdom, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa. Outcome: Stalemate
First American offensive of World War I
July 10-Oct 31, battle for air superiority between the German Luftwaffe and the British Royal Air Force
The defence and evacuation of British and Allied forces in Europe from May 26 to June 4, 1940. A large force of soldiers were cut off in northern France by a German armoured advance to the English Channel coast at Calais. 338,226 Allied troops caught in the pocket were successfully evacuated by sea to England.
Unsuccessful operation by German forces to capture Leningrad (Saint Petersburg)
From 30 Oct to 4 July, 1942, German struggle for control of Soviet Black Sea naval base
7th August 1942 - 9th February 1943. Guadalcanal, Pacific. WWII. Combatants: USA, Australia, New Zealand ¦ Japan. Outcome: Japanese Defeat
June 4, pivotal naval battle in the Pacific in WWII between the US and Japan
Major battle of WWII in which Germany fought the Soviet Union for control of Stalingrad
In World War II, during Operation Market Garden (September 1944), the British 1st Airborne Division and the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade were given the task of securing the bridge at Arnhem. These events were dramatized in the 1977 movie A Bridge Too Far.
1944 - 1945. Dec 16-Jan 25 ,more than one million men; 181,000 casualties; WWII
June, also known as the Battle of Normandy in WWII
Largest naval battle of WWII; Japanese aircraft carry out organized kamikaze attacks
The final major offensive of the European Theatre of World War II and was designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union. 16th April 1945 - 2nd May 1945. Berlin, Germany. WWII. Combatants: Germany ¦ Soviet Union, Communist Poland. Outcome: German defeat.
Feb 19-March 16, over 20,000 Japanese soldiers died; the last soldier surrendered in 1951
Japanese military occupation of the city ends in the worst urban fighting of WWII's Pacific theatre
Brutal 17-day battle in freezing weather during the Korean War
Month-long major engagement in the Korean War
Controversial battle of the Korean War; subject of a movie by the same name
One of the bloodiest and longest battles of the Vietnam War
21 January to 8 April, series of attacks on hilltop US Marine base by North Vietnamese and Chinese forces
27th-28th May 1982. Goose Green, Falkland Islands. Falklands War. Combatants: Britain ¦ Argentina. Outcome: British Victory
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