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Animal Tautonyms

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A tautonym is a word used in taxonomical classification, most commonly in zoology, which denotes both genus and species.

53 facts:

Anableps Anableps
   is the tautonym for   
Largescale Four-eyed Fish
Found in fresh and brackish waters in parts of the Americas. Rather than four eyes, as the name suggests, it has two eyes which are each split in two by a thin band of tissue with two pupils - one adapted for vision above the water and the other below.
Apus Apus
   is the tautonym for   
Common Swift
The common swift is migratory bird which, outside of nesting periods, spends most of it's time in flight. The swift can catch and eat insects, drink, sleep and even mate while airborne for periods of up to ten months. It's breeding and migratory range covers an enormous area of Eurasia and Africa.
Axis Axis
   is the tautonym for   
Chital
Also known as the spotted deer. Native to the Indian subcontinent.
Bubo Bubo
   is the tautonym for   
Eurasian Eagle Owl
Inhabits mountains, forests and steppes over a vast area of Europe and Asia.
Bufo Bufo
   is the tautonym for   
Common Toad
Ranges over most of Europe except for Iceland, Ireland and some parts of the Mediterranean. Associated in common folklore with witches.
Buteo Buteo
   is the tautonym for   
Common Buzzard
Ranges over most of Europe into Asia and parts of Russia.
Capreolus Capreolus
   is the tautonym for   
Roe Deer
Also known as the European roe, western roe or Chevreuil.
Caretta Caretta
   is the tautonym for   
Loggerhead Sea Turtle
Most common in Atlanic, Mediterranean, Indian and Pacific waters. The species is now vulnerable to extinction due to low reproductive rates, loss of suitable nesting sites and the hazards posed by commercial and recreational fishing. Marine pollutants like styrofoam, cans and plastic bags and bottles, which can be mistaken for food, are a significant threat to this and many other species.
Casuarius Casuarius
   is the tautonym for   
Southern Cassowary
Also known as the Australian or double wattle cassowary. A ratite recognisable by it's vivid blue face and neck, large red wattles and the head casque. Found in Northern Australia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea mostly in forested areas. It is able to swim, leap up to one and a half metres horizontally and has fearsome reputation for it's ability to strike out with it's powerful legs and long razor-sharp claws when threatened or provoked.
Chaca Chaca
   is the tautonym for   
Frogmouth Catfish
Inhabits the muddy bottoms of rivers canals and ponds of India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Indonesia. Known also as the squaremouth catfish.
Ciconia Ciconia
   is the tautonym for   
White Stork
The white stork migrates from it's summer breeding gounds in parts of Europe, the middle east and western asia to spend the winter in southern africa. In many cultures the white stork represents fertility, good luck and the spring.
Cricetus Cricetus
   is the tautonym for   
Common Hamster
Also known as the European, Eurasian or black-bellied hamster. Ranging widely through Eurasia, in some Western European countries it is considered critically endangered but in most others it is considered a pest and it's conservation status is that of Least Concern.
Crocuta Crocuta
   is the tautonym for   
Spotted Hyena
The Laughing Hyena. Ranges extensively through Sub-Saharan Africa. It is ranked as a species of Least Concern.
Cygnus Cygnus
   is the tautonym for   
Whooper Swan
Present in many areas of Europe and Asia.
Dama Dama
   is the tautonym for   
Fallow Deer
Native to Europe but introduced to many African countries as well as parts of North America, South America, Australia and New Zealand.
Dives Dives
   is the tautonym for   
Melodius Blackbird
Endemic to Cenrtal America and parts of Mexico.
Enhydris Enhydris
   is the tautonym for   
Rainbow Water Snake
Found in or near fresh water over a wide-spread area of Asia.
Enis Enis
   is the tautonym for   
Razor Clam
Lives buried in the sand on the sea floor of intertidal zones off the coast of northwest Europe.
Ensifera Ensefira
   is the tautonym for   
Sword-billed Hummingbird
Found in the temperate forests of the Andes between from Venezuela to Bolivia. It's beak is longer than the rest of it's body.
Gallinago Gallinago
   is the tautonym for   
Common Snipe
A small wading bird inhabiting the wetlands in Europe and Asia.
Gallus Gallus
   is the tautonym for   
Red Junglefowl
Considered to be the ancestor of the domestic chicken. Native to Asia from India through to Indonesia.
Glis Glis
   is the tautonym for   
Fat Dormouse
A very large species also known as the edible doremouse. Very common in Western Europe, it was considered by the Romans to be a delicacy.
Graspus Graspus
   is the tautonym for   
Red Rock Crab
Sometimes known as an abuente negro. Found in abundance along the Pacific coast of Mexico, Central and South America.
Grus Grus
   is the tautonym for   
Common Crane
Also known as the Eurasian crane. Breeds in northen parts of Europe and Asia and migrates to southern Europe and Africa in the winter.
Gulo Gulo
   is the tautonym for   
Wolverine
The skunk bear, carcajou or glutton is a boreal forest and alpine tundra dweller throughout a wide area of the Northern Hemisphere. Notable it's for strength, ferocity and ability to kill prey much larger than itself.
Hippocampus Hippocampus
   is the tautonym for   
European Seahorse
Known also as the Short-snouted seahorse.
Hippoglossus Hippoglossus
   is the tautonym for   
Atlantic Halibut
One of the largest bony fish in the world. A bottom-dweller in temperate and arctic water. Placed on the Endanered Species list due to overfishing.
Leucogeranus Leucogeranus
   is the tautonym for   
Siberian Crane
Aslo known as the Snow Crane. Inhabits the Russian tundra.
Lutra Lutra
   is the tautonym for   
European Otter
Also called the the Old World or common otter. It ranges through the waterways of Europe, Asia and can be found in parts of Northern Africa. It is a protected species listed as Near Threatened.
Mephitis Mephitis
   is the tautonym for   
Striped Skunk
Ranges widely across North America from Southern Canada to Northern Mexico. Has few natural predators and has adapted very well to farmland and areas of urban development.
Monachus Monachus
   is the tautonym for   
Mediterranean Monk Seal
Inhabits parts of the Mediterranean Sea and the Northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Thought to be one of the worlds rarest pinniped (fin or flipper-footed) species.
Nasua Nasua
   is the tautonym for   
South American Coati
Also called the ringtailed coati or Can-Coon. An omnivorous member of the racoon family which lives in forested areas of South America.
Papio Papio
   is the tautonym for   
Guinea Baboon
Found in the forests and savana of a small area of western Africa. Due habitat loss in an already small range, it is now classified as Near Threatened.
Perdix Perdix
   is the tautonym for   
Grey Partridge
Also known as the English partridge, Hungarian partridge or hun. Abundant across most of Europe.
Periphylla Periphylla
   is the tautonym for   
Helmet Jellyfish
A luminescent deep sea jellyfish found in oceans and seas worldwide.
Phocoena Phocoena
   is the tautonym for   
Harbour Porpoise
Found in temperate, coastal waters as well as estuaries and tidal channels throughout the Northern Hemisphere.
Pica Pica
   is the tautonym for   
European Magpie
Also known as the common magpie. Abundant throughout northern Eurasia.
Porites Porites
   is the tautonym for   
Finger Coral
A species of stony coral found in the Caribbean, western Atlantic and along the West African coast. Known also as hump coral.
Porphyrio Porphyrio
   is the tautonym for   
Western Swamp Hen
Also known as the sultana bird. Inhabits wetlands in western and southwest Europe and northwest Africa.
Pristis Pristis
   is the tautonym for   
Largetooth Sawfish
Inhabits subtropical coastal regions of the eastern Atlantic, western Atlantic, Western Indo-Pacifc and also estuaries and rivers. Once plentiful, the species is considered Critically Endangered.
Puffinus Puffinus
   is the tautonym for   
Manx Shearwater
Inhabit colonies on islands throughout the north Atlantic during nesting season and spend winter in the south Atlantic.
Rhinobatos Rhinobatos
   is the tautonym for   
Common Guitarfish
A bottom-dwelling cartilaginous fish found in the eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. The females give birth to live young. Modern fishing practices have had a negative impact on populations and the species conservation status is now Endangered.
Rupicapra Rupicapra
   is the tautonym for   
Chamois
Ranges extensively through alpine areas of europe.
Scinus Scincus
   is the tautonym for   
Common Sandfish
Not to be confused with gonorynchus gonorynchus which is also refered to as a sandfish. Also known as the common skink, the sandfish is so named for it's habit of burrowing into and swimming through sand. Native to north Africa and southwestern Asia.
Spirula Spirula
   is the tautonym for   
Ram's Horn Squid
Also known as the little post horn squid and also, because of the photophore (light-emitting organ) on the tip of it's mantle, a tail-light squid. Lives in the mesopelagic zone of the tropical Atlantic and Western Indo-Pacific regions.
Squatina Squatina
   is the tautonym for   
Angelshark
Known also as monkfish. Inhabits coastal waters of the northeastern Atlantic. Populations have been so depleted by commercial fishing bycatch that it has been deemed Critically Endangered.
Sula Sula
   is the tautonym for   
Red-footed Booby
A non-migratory seabird native to the tropics and subtropics of the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
Suta Suta
   is the tautonym for   
Curl Snake
One of many venomous snake species of Australia. Found in all states expect for Tasmania. Known in Western Australia as the myall snake.
Tetrax Tetrax
   is the tautonym for   
Little Bustard
Found in grasslands across europe and asia. Numbers are declining due to habitat loss.
Troglodytes Troglodytes
   is the tautonym for   
Eurasian Wren
Inhabits wooded areas, graslands, coastal cliffs and urban environments over large areas of Europe, Asia and northern Africa.
Uncia Uncia
   is the tautonym for   
Snow Leopard
Also known as the ounce. Found in the mountains of Central and South Asia. Habitat loss and poaching have significantly reduced the population and it has a conservation status of Vulnerable.
Vanellus Vanellus
   is the tautonym for   
Northern Lapwing
Also known as the peewit, tuit or green plover. A wading bird common across Eurasia.
Vulpes Vulpes
   is the tautonym for   
Red Fox
Common throughout the entire Northern Hemisphere. The species has thrives alongside human development. After being introduced to Australia, it's rapid spread has caused very serious ecological damage.


Facts contributed by:


chooky








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