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Tsar


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Van Cleef & Arpels
   makes   
Tsar
1989
Mikhail Glinka
   composed the opera   
A Life for the Tsar
1836
Tsar
   is   
A Male Monarch or Emperor
Especially in Slavic countries.
Tsar Ivan IV (the Terrible)
   reigned from   
1547-1584
Was the First Tsar of Russia. Reportedly died from mercury poisoning.
Tsar Feodor I
   reigned from   
1584-1598
Had an inclination to travel the land and ring bells in churches.
Tsar Boris Gudonov
   reigned from   
1598-1605
Brought educational and social reforms. First Tsar to send Russians abroad to be educated.
Tsar Feodor II
   reigned from   
1605-1605
Was 16 when proclaimed Tsar. He was strangled within 10 days of becoming Tsar.
Tsar Vasili IV
   reigned from   
1606-1610
Reigned during the 'Time of Troubles'. Was accused of being an imposter and was not generally recognised.
Tsar Michael I
   reigned from   
1613-1645
First Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov. His reign marked the end of the 'Time of Troubles'.
Tsar Aleksey I
   reigned from   
1645-1676
He acquired the moniker 'Tishayshy', which means "most quiet" or "most peaceful".
Tsar Feodor III
   reigned from   
1676-1682
Reformed civil and military services where all officers would be determined by merit and the will of the sovereign.
Tsar Peter I
   reigned from   
1682-1725
Peter the Great. Carried out a policy of westernization and transformed the Tsardom of Russia into the Russian Empire.
Tsar Ivan V
   reigned from   
1682-1696
Joint ruler with Peter I. But was an eye-sore since he was an invalid, both physically and mentally.
Tsar Peter II
   reigned from   
1727-1730
With Peter II's death, the direct male line of the Romanov Dynasty ended.
Tsar Ivan VI
   reigned from   
1740-1741
Was taken prisoner soon after being crowned and reported missing. Was in solitary confinement as 'the nameless one" until his execution.
Tsar Peter III
   reigned from   
1762-1762
Very unpopular leader. Was supposedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy lead by his wife - Catherine II.
Tsar Paul I (the Mad)
   reigned from   
1796-1801
Would not abdicate the throne, therefore he was stabbed, strangled and trampled to death.
Tsar Alexander I
   reigned from   
1801-1825
Established freedom for publishing houses and the prohibition of torture.
Tsar Constantine I
   reigned from   
1825-1825
Abdicated after a failed assassination.
Tsar Nicholas I
   reigned from   
1825-1855
Had reduced Poland to the status of a Russian province; helped Hapsburgs suppress an uprising in Hungary.
Tsar Alexander II
   reigned from   
1855-1881
Aka The Liberator. Responsible for emancipation of the serfs. Assassinated.
Tsar Alexander III
   reigned from   
1881-1894
Aka The Peace-maker. Was able to extend Russian domination without conflict during reign.
Tsar Nicholas II
   reigned from   
1894-1917
Nicholas and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks on the night of July 16-17, 1918. This has led to him being labelled a Martyr.
Tsar Michael II
   reigned from   
1917-1917
Was named by Nicholas II as heir to the throne, but declined acceptance 24 hours later.
The Order of St. Andres
   was founded by   
Tsar Peter the Great
1698
1682
      
Peter the Great Became Tsar of Russia
Jointly ruled before 1696 with his half-brother.
The Tale of Tsar Saltan
   was written by   
Aleksandr Pushkin
1831
Nicholas and Alexandra (1971)
   is a film about   
Tsar Nicholas II and Tsaritsa Alexandra of Russia
Portrayed by Michael Jayston and Janet Suzman
The Patriot (1928)
   is a film about   
Tsar Paul I of Russia
Only pieces of this film are left; there is no complete copy. It is the only Best Picture nominee for which no complete or near-complete copy exists.
1547
      
Ivan the Terrible Was Crowned Tsar of Russia
At age 16, Russia's first Tsar
Do Boga Vysoko, Do Tsarya Dalyeko.
   means   
God is up High, the Tsar is Far Away.
Pri Tsare Gorokhe.
   means   
In the Times of Czar Goroch
Czar from fairy tales; English version: Since Adam was a boy
Amritsar, Punjab
   is at   
31°38'N 74°51'E
India
Snowpeas
   in Pilipino is   
Sitsaro
1846
      
Treaty of Amritsar
Settles dispute over territory in Kashmir.
Teaspoon
   in Pilipino is   
Kutsarita
UNESCO Artist for Peace
   was awarded to   
Cyprien Katsaris (France)
Pianist
Tsarevitch Ivan, the Fire Bird and the Gray Wolf
   was written by   
Alexander Afanasyev
Narodnye russkie skazki






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