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Richard III


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Richard III
      
"The World is Grown So Bad, That Wrens Make Prey Where Eagles Dare Not Perch."
William Shakespeare
   wrote   
Richard III
Richard III
      
"Now is the Winter of Our Discontent."
Richard III
      
"A Horse! A Horse! My Kingdom for a Horse!"
Richard III
      
"Conscience is but a Word That Cowards Use, Devised at First to Keep the Strong in Awe."
Richard III
      
"So Wise So Young, They Say, Do Never Live Long."
Richard III
      
"Off With His Head!"
Richard III
      
"An Honest Tale Speeds Best, Being Plainly Told."
Richard III
      
"The King's Name is a Tower of Strength."
Richard III
   is a   
Historical Play
Lord Hastings
   is a character in   
Richard III
Lady Anne
   is a character in   
Richard III
Widow of Edward Prince of Wales, Son to King Henry VI; Afterwards Married to Richard III
Duchess of York
   is a character in   
Richard III
Mother to King Edward IV
Sir William Stanley
   is a character in   
Richard III
Called Also Earl of Derby
Sir William Catesby
   is a character in   
Richard III
Sir Richard Ratcliff
   is a character in   
Richard III
Sir Robert Brakenbury
   is a character in   
Richard III
Sir James Tyrrel
   is a character in   
Richard III
Marquis of Dorset
   is a character in   
Richard III
Son of Queen Elizabeth
John Morton
   is a character in   
Richard III
Bishop of Ely
Lord Grey
   is a character in   
Richard III
Son of Queen Elizabeth
Thomas Rotherham
   is a character in   
Richard III
Archbishop of York
Pursuivant
   is a character in   
Richard III
Blunt
   is a character in   
Richard III
Sheriff of Wiltshire
   is a character in   
Richard III
Sir Thomas Vaughan
   is a character in   
Richard III
Cardinal Bourchier
   is a character in   
Richard III
Archbishop of Canterbury
Lord Lovel
   is a character in   
Richard III
Christopher Urswick
   is a character in   
Richard III
A Priest
Scrivener
   is a character in   
Richard III
Sir Walter Herbert
   is a character in   
Richard III
Richard III
   begins   
"Now is the Winter of Our Discontent"
Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer by this sun of York; And all the clouds that lour'd upon our house In the deep bosom of the ocean buried. Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths; Our bruised arms hung up for monuments; Our stern alarums changed to merry meetings, Our dreadful marches to delightful measures. Grim-visaged war hath smooth'd his wrinkled front; And now, instead of mounting barded steeds To fright the souls of fearful adversaries, He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber To the lascivious pleasing of a lute. But I, that am not shaped for sportive tricks, Nor made to court an amorous looking-glass; I, that am rudely stamp'd, and want love's majesty To strut before a wanton ambling nymph; I, that am curtail'd of this fair proportion, Cheated of feature by dissembling nature, Deformed, unfinish'd, sent before my time Into this breathing world, scarce half made up, And that so lamely and unfashionable That dogs bark at me as I halt by them; Why, I, in this weak piping time of peace, Have no delight to pass away the time, Unless to spy my shadow in the sun And descant on mine own deformity: And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover, To entertain these fair well-spoken days, I am determined to prove a villain And hate the idle pleasures of these days. Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous, By drunken prophecies, libels and dreams, To set my brother Clarence and the king In deadly hate the one against the other: And if King Edward be as true and just As I am subtle, false and treacherous, This day should Clarence closely be mew'd up, About a prophecy, which says that 'G' Of Edward's heirs the murderer shall be. Dive, thoughts, down to my soul: here Clarence comes. [Enter CLARENCE, guarded, and BRAKENBURY] Brother, good day; what means this armed guard That waits upon your grace?
Richard III
   ends   
"That She May Long Live Here, God Say Amen!"
Inter their bodies as becomes their births: Proclaim a pardon to the soldiers fled That in submission will return to us: And then, as we have ta'en the sacrament, We will unite the white rose and the red: Smile heaven upon this fair conjunction, That long have frown'd upon their enmity! What traitor hears me, and says not amen? England hath long been mad, and scarr'd herself; The brother blindly shed the brother's blood, The father rashly slaughter'd his own son, The son, compell'd, been butcher to the sire: All this divided York and Lancaster, Divided in their dire division, O, now, let Richmond and Elizabeth, The true succeeders of each royal house, By God's fair ordinance conjoin together! And let their heirs, God, if thy will be so. Enrich the time to come with smooth-faced peace, With smiling plenty and fair prosperous days! Abate the edge of traitors, gracious Lord, That would reduce these bloody days again, And make poor England weep in streams of blood! Let them not live to taste this land's increase That would with treason wound this fair land's peace! Now civil wounds are stopp'd, peace lives again: That she may long live here, God say amen!
1483-1485
   was the reign of   
Richard III
Also known as Crookback. Credited with the murder of Henry VI and Edward V.
William Walton
   wrote music for   
Richard III (1956)
Richard III & Henry Tudor
   led opposing forces at the   
Battle of Bosworth Field
The final major battle of the Wars of the Roses.
Richard III
   appeared in   
Richard III
1955
Blackadder
   featured the character   
Richard III
Played by Peter Cook
Richard III
   was known as   
Richard the Protector
After the death of his brother King Edward IV, Richard briefly took responsibility for the safety of Edward's son King Edward V, with the title of Lord Protector. He is alleged to have placed Edward and his brother Richard in the Tower and seized the throne for himself. It is also alleged that he arranged to have them murdered.
Richard III
   was known as   
Crookback
Richard was represented by Tudor writers as being physically deformed, which was regarded as evidence of an evil character. However, the withered arm, limp and crooked back of legend are nowadays believed to be fabrications
The Winter of Our Discontent by John Steinbeck
   was titled from the literary source   
Richard III
William Shakespeare






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