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Richard II


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William Shakespeare
   wrote   
Richard II
Richard II
   is a   
Historical Play
Hotspur (Henry Percy)
   is a character in   
Richard II
Edmund of Langley
   is a character in   
Richard II
Duke of York, Uncle to the King
John of Gaunt
   is a character in   
Richard II
Duke of Lancaster, Uncle to the King
Duchess of York
   is a character in   
Richard II
Queen
   is a character in   
Richard II
Thomas Mowbray
   is a character in   
Richard II
Duke of Norfolk
Bushy
   is a character in   
Richard II
Servant to King Richard II
Lord Ross
   is a character in   
Richard II
Green
   is a character in   
Richard II
Servant to King Richard II
Lord Marshal
   is a character in   
Richard II
Lord Willoughby
   is a character in   
Richard II
Sir Pierce of Exton
   is a character in   
Richard II
Bishop of Carlisle
   is a character in   
Richard II
Gardener
   is a character in   
Richard II
Bagot
   is a character in   
Richard II
Servant to King Richard II
Sir Stephen Scroop
   is a character in   
Richard II
Lord Fitzwater
   is a character in   
Richard II
Duchess of Gloucester
   is a character in   
Richard II
Lord Berkeley
   is a character in   
Richard II
Richard II
   begins   
"Old John of Gaunt, Time-honour'd Lancaster"
Old John of Gaunt, time-honour'd Lancaster, Hast thou, according to thy oath and band, Brought hither Henry Hereford thy bold son, Here to make good the boisterous late appeal, Which then our leisure would not let us hear, Against the Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray?
Richard II
   ends   
"Grace My Mournings Here; in Weeping After This Untimely Bier."
They love not poison that do poison need, Nor do I thee: though I did wish him dead, I hate the murderer, love him murdered. The guilt of conscience take thou for thy labour, But neither my good word nor princely favour: With Cain go wander through shades of night, And never show thy head by day nor light. Lords, I protest, my soul is full of woe, That blood should sprinkle me to make me grow: Come, mourn with me for that I do lament, And put on sullen black incontinent: I'll make a voyage to the Holy Land, To wash this blood off from my guilty hand: March sadly after; grace my mournings here; In weeping after this untimely bier.
1377-1399
   was the reign of   
Richard II
Richard II of England
   died in   
1400 aged 33 from Probably Homicide or Starvation
king, who was deposed and imprisoned by his cousin, Henry IV English
1394
      
Richard II Lead an Army to Ireland
The Irish submit but rebel once he leaves
1399
      
Richard II Lead an Army to Ireland
Richard II returned to Ireland but this time without success
Richard II
   was known as   
Richard the Coxcomb
A coxcomb is an empty-headed, vain person. Aka the Prince of Coxcombs and 'Le Mignon'
Richard III
   begins   
"Now is the Winter of Our Discontent"
Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer by this sun of York; And all the clouds that lour'd upon our house In the deep bosom of the ocean buried. Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths; Our bruised arms hung up for monuments; Our stern alarums changed to merry meetings, Our dreadful marches to delightful measures. Grim-visaged war hath smooth'd his wrinkled front; And now, instead of mounting barded steeds To fright the souls of fearful adversaries, He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber To the lascivious pleasing of a lute. But I, that am not shaped for sportive tricks, Nor made to court an amorous looking-glass; I, that am rudely stamp'd, and want love's majesty To strut before a wanton ambling nymph; I, that am curtail'd of this fair proportion, Cheated of feature by dissembling nature, Deformed, unfinish'd, sent before my time Into this breathing world, scarce half made up, And that so lamely and unfashionable That dogs bark at me as I halt by them; Why, I, in this weak piping time of peace, Have no delight to pass away the time, Unless to spy my shadow in the sun And descant on mine own deformity: And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover, To entertain these fair well-spoken days, I am determined to prove a villain And hate the idle pleasures of these days. Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous, By drunken prophecies, libels and dreams, To set my brother Clarence and the king In deadly hate the one against the other: And if King Edward be as true and just As I am subtle, false and treacherous, This day should Clarence closely be mew'd up, About a prophecy, which says that 'G' Of Edward's heirs the murderer shall be. Dive, thoughts, down to my soul: here Clarence comes. [Enter CLARENCE, guarded, and BRAKENBURY] Brother, good day; what means this armed guard That waits upon your grace?
William Walton
   wrote music for   
Richard III (1956)
Sir Robert Brakenbury
   is a character in   
Richard III
Richard III
      
"A Horse! A Horse! My Kingdom for a Horse!"
Pursuivant
   is a character in   
Richard III
Richard III
   was known as   
Crookback
Richard was represented by Tudor writers as being physically deformed, which was regarded as evidence of an evil character. However, the withered arm, limp and crooked back of legend are nowadays believed to be fabrications
King John, Richard II, Henry V
   are all   
Histories by Shakespeare
Richard III
   appeared in   
Richard III
1955
Richard III
   was known as   
Richard the Protector
After the death of his brother King Edward IV, Richard briefly took responsibility for the safety of Edward's son King Edward V, with the title of Lord Protector. He is alleged to have placed Edward and his brother Richard in the Tower and seized the throne for himself. It is also alleged that he arranged to have them murdered.
Richard III & Henry Tudor
   led opposing forces at the   
Battle of Bosworth Field
The final major battle of the Wars of the Roses.
Sir Richard Ratcliff
   is a character in   
Richard III
Richard III
      
"Off With His Head!"
Blackadder
   featured the character   
Richard III
Played by Peter Cook
Richard III
   is a   
Historical Play
Richard III
      
"Now is the Winter of Our Discontent."
Richard III
      
"The King's Name is a Tower of Strength."
The Winter of Our Discontent by John Steinbeck
   was titled from the literary source   
Richard III
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
   wrote   
Richard III






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