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New Caledonia
   has the capital   
In 1774 Captain James Cook discovered the island on his way to New Zealand. It reminded him of the relief of Scotland (Caledonia) and thus he named it "New Caledonia". In 1853 the island was laid claim to by the French, under the reign of Napoléon NIII. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. in 1956 became an overseas territory of France.
Noumea, New Caledonia
   is at   
22°17'S 166°30'E

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