The craft is still whizzing around the sun today, but is useless.
And the first close and high resulution images of Mars. Mariner 4 was designed to conduct closeup scientific observations of Mars and to transmit these observations to Earth. Other mission objectives were to perform field and particle measurements in interplanetary space in the vicinity of Mars and to provide experience in and knowledge of the engineering capabilities for interplanetary flights of long duration.
A NASA space probe orbiter that helped in the exploration of Mars. Mariner 9 was launched toward Mars on May 30, 1971 and reached the planet on Nov. 13, 1971, becoming the first spacecraft to orbit another planet narrowly beating Soviet Mars 2 & Mars 3, which both arrived within a month. After months of dust-storms it managed to send back surprisingly clear pictures of the surface.
A robotic space probe launched on November 3, 1973 to fly by the planets Mercury and Venus. The mission objectives were to measure Mercury's environment, atmosphere, surface, and body characteristics and to make similar investigations of Venus. Mariner 10 was the first spacecraft to make use of an interplanetary "gravitational slingshot" maneuver, using Venus to bend its flight path and bring its perihelion down to the level of Mercury's orbit.
American space probe sends back 22 pictures of the planet
"It is an ancient Mariner, And he stoppeth one of three. `By thy long beard and glittering eye, Now wherefore stopp'st thou me ?"
Dark rum, pimento liqueur, lime juice, grapefruit juice and sugar.
1999. A bizarre inheritance, a dangerous quest and a political battle are the main events.