Archeological excavations show evidence of the first settlement on the territory of Kiev 15,000 to 20,000 years ago. Kiev`s development accelerated durign the reign of Prince Volodymir the Great (980-1015). the autumn of 1240, the Tatar-Mongols headed by Batiy Khan, captured Kiev after series of long and bloody battles. In the 15 th century Kiev was granted the "Magdenburg Rights", which permitted greater independence of the city in matters of international commerce. On August, 24, 1991 the Supreme Soviet of Ukraine proclaims the Declaration of Independence.