Volcano collapse, tsunami, 14,300
Mudflows, lava flows, 3,500
Ash flows, mudflows,1,377
Roof collapses and disease, 800
Hokkaido. Erupted after 5000 years' dormancy. The summit part collapsed and the avalanche entered into sea, resulting in the generation of tsunami, killing 700 people. One of the most active volcanoes in Japan.
In a broader sense, misfortune and calamity.