With one of the few river crossings, the area around Cairo was originally settled in Paleolithic times and later saw the development of Neolithic trading communities. Legend has it that when Amr departed the Babylon area to lay siege to Alexandria, he left his tent standing in the tent camp next to Babylon. Upon his return, the tent was still standing and a dove had built a nest in it. So it was here that Amr built his Mosque, the first in Egypt, and around the Mosque, Fustat or al-Fustat al-Misr (the Camp of Egypt), the City of the Tents and the original Muslim capital of Egypt grew up from his original tent encampment to finally become Cairo.
Now part of greater Cairo. It is the oldest, yet it is the only surviving of the Seven Ancient Wonders.
Reservoir created by the Aswan High Dam
Giza. Built during the reign of Pharoah Khrafe (4th king of 4th dynasty), the face of the sphinx is a portrait of the king. It's a guardian figure that protects the tomb of Khrefe by keeping evil spirits away. The only surviving Seven Wonders of the World, it is the largest sculpted statue in the world today.
Honorary new 7 wonders candidate
Opened in 1869, after 10 years construction. The Opera Rigoletto was performed at the opening ceremony. (101 miles long)
Also known as the Khamsin.
1922. Boutros-Ghali became the first secretary-general of the United Nations from Africa
Cairo. Largest zoo in Egypt.
Alexandria. There is also a reptile house, a museum and a 'birds and small mammals' section of the zoo.
6,650 km. Ethiopia / Eritrea / Sudan / Uganda / Tanzania / Kenya / Rwanda / Burundi / Egypt / Democratic Republic of the Congo
Siltstone, c. 2990 BC; Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Painted limestone, c. 2400 BC; in situ, Tomb of Ty, Saqqara
Alabaster, c. 2190 BC; Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York
Obsidian, Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1860 BC; Meseu Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon
Painted limestone, c. 1340 BC; Ägyptisches Museum, Berlin
Gold, glass, lapis lazuli, obsidian, carnelian, quartz, felspar and faience, c. 1327 BC; Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Painted limestone, c. 1280 BC; Musée du Louvre, Paris
1848 - Harbor of Alexandria
1908 - Harbor of Alexandria
111 m high. 3600 m long. (Also known as Sadd-el-Aali) The Nile River
Cairo, Egypt. “The Arab world's leading English-language publication”
1998, based on the biblical story of Exodus