The decisive battle in the First War of Scottish Independence.
Edward II was born at Caernarfon Castle. He was the first English prince to hold the title Prince of Wales. King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. He was the seventh Plantagenet king
1847; oil on canvas, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Australia
Fearing that Ireland will be lost completely the English King Edward III sends an expedition under his son Lionel to subdue Ireland. However the expedition fails.
In 1340 Edward III caused two famous bankruptcies when he defaulted on personal loans.
During the first part of his reign he paid much attention to naval administration; he successfully asserted the maritime supremacy of the country, and was entitled by parliament the "king of the sea"
Edward III styled himself "the Avenger of Merchants" on the gold coin struck to commemorate the defeat of the Spaniards at sea