It became the capital of Albania in 1920 and during World War II was occupied (1939-1944) by Axis forces. It is the largest city and the principal commercial, manufacturing, and cultural center of the country.
The Communist leader of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania. Also chairman of the Democratic Front of Albania and commander-in-chief of the armed forces from 1944. Served as Prime Minister of Albania from 1944 to 1954 and at times served as foreign minister and defence minister as well.